Ecclesiastes 2:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
I hated all the things I had toiled for under the sun, because I must leave them to the one who comes after me.

New Living Translation
I came to hate all my hard work here on earth, for I must leave to others everything I have earned.

English Standard Version
I hated all my toil in which I toil under the sun, seeing that I must leave it to the man who will come after me,

New American Standard Bible
Thus I hated all the fruit of my labor for which I had labored under the sun, for I must leave it to the man who will come after me.

King James Bible
Yea, I hated all my labour which I had taken under the sun: because I should leave it unto the man that shall be after me.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I hated all my work that I labored at under the sun because I must leave it to the man who comes after me.

International Standard Version
Then I despised everything I had worked for on earth, that is, the things that I will leave to the person who will succeed me.

NET Bible
So I loathed all the fruit of my effort, for which I worked so hard on earth, because I must leave it behind in the hands of my successor.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I came to hate everything for which I had worked so hard under the sun, because I will have to leave it to the person who replaces me.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And I hated all my labour wherein I laboured under the sun, seeing that I must leave it unto the man that shall be after me.

New American Standard 1977
Thus I hated all the fruit of my labor for which I had labored under the sun, for I must leave it to the man who will come after me.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Yea, I hated all my labour which I had taken under the sun, which I should leave it unto the man that shall be after me.

King James 2000 Bible
Yea, I hated all my labor in which I had toiled under the sun: because I must leave it unto the man that shall be after me.

American King James Version
Yes, I hated all my labor which I had taken under the sun: because I should leave it to the man that shall be after me.

American Standard Version
And I hated all my labor wherein I labored under the sun, seeing that I must leave it unto the man that shall be after me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Again I hated all my application wherewith I had earnestly laboured under the sun, being like to have an heir after me,

Darby Bible Translation
And I hated all my labour wherewith I had been toiling under the sun, because I should leave it unto the man that shall be after me.

English Revised Version
And I hated all my labour wherein I laboured under the sun: seeing that I must leave it unto the man that shall be after me.

Webster's Bible Translation
Yes, I hated all my labor which I had taken under the sun: because I should leave it to the man that shall be after me.

World English Bible
I hated all my labor in which I labored under the sun, because I must leave it to the man who comes after me.

Young's Literal Translation
And I have hated all my labour that I labour at under the sun, because I leave it to a man who is after me.
Study Bible
The Futility of Work
17So I hated life, for the work which had been done under the sun was grievous to me; because everything is futility and striving after wind. 18Thus I hated all the fruit of my labor for which I had labored under the sun, for I must leave it to the man who will come after me. 19And who knows whether he will be a wise man or a fool? Yet he will have control over all the fruit of my labor for which I have labored by acting wisely under the sun. This too is vanity.…
Word Study

Yea I hated
sane'  (saw-nay')
to hate (personally) -- enemy, foe, (be) hate(-ful, -r), odious, utterly.

all my labour
`amal  (aw-mawl')
toil, i.e. wearing effort; hence, worry, wheth. of body or mind

which I had taken
`amel  (aw-male')
toiling; concretely, a laborer; figuratively, sorrowful -- that laboureth, that is a misery, had taken (labour), wicked, workman.

under the sun
shemesh  (sheh'-mesh)
the sun; by implication, the east; figuratively, a ray, i.e. (arch.) a notched battlement -- + east side(-ward), sun (rising), + west(-ward), window.

because I should leave
yanach  (yaw-nakh')
to deposit; by implication, to allow to stay

it unto the man
'adam  (aw-dawm')
ruddy i.e. a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.) -- another, + hypocrite, + common sort, low, man (mean, of low degree), person.

that shall be after
'achar  (akh-ar')
the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjunction, after (in various senses)

Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
2:18-26 Our hearts are very loth to quit their expectations of great things from the creature; but Solomon came to this at length. The world is a vale of tears, even to those that have much of it. See what fools they are, who make themselves drudges to the world, which affords a man nothing better than subsistence for the body. And the utmost he can attain in this respect is to allow himself a sober, cheerful use thereof, according to his rank and condition. But we must enjoy good in our labour; we must use those things to make us diligent and cheerful in worldly business. And this is the gift of God. Riches are a blessing or a curse to a man, according as he has, or has not, a heart to make a good use of them. To those that are accepted of the Lord, he gives joy and satisfaction in the knowledge and love of him. But to the sinner he allots labour, sorrow, vanity, and vexation, in seeking a worldly portion, which yet afterwards comes into better hands. Let the sinner seriously consider his latter end. To seek a lasting portion in the love of Christ and the blessings it bestows, is the only way to true and satisfying enjoyment even of this present world.
Cross References
Psalm 39:6
"Surely every man walks about as a phantom; Surely they make an uproar for nothing; He amasses riches and does not know who will gather them.

Psalm 49:10
For he sees that even wise men die; The stupid and the senseless alike perish And leave their wealth to others.

Ecclesiastes 1:3
What advantage does man have in all his work Which he does under the sun?

Ecclesiastes 2:11
Thus I considered all my activities which my hands had done and the labor which I had exerted, and behold all was vanity and striving after wind and there was no profit under the sun.

Ecclesiastes 2:21
When there is a man who has labored with wisdom, knowledge and skill, then he gives his legacy to one who has not labored with them. This too is vanity and a great evil.

Ecclesiastes 3:22
I have seen that nothing is better than that man should be happy in his activities, for that is his lot. For who will bring him to see what will occur after him?
Treasury of Scripture

Yes, I hated all my labor which I had taken under the sun: because I should leave it to the man that shall be after me.

i hated

Ecclesiastes 2:4-9 I made me great works; I built me houses; I planted me vineyards…

Ecclesiastes 1:13 And I gave my heart to seek and search out by wisdom concerning all …

Ecclesiastes 4:3 Yes, better is he than both they, which has not yet been, who has …

Ecclesiastes 5:18 Behold that which I have seen: it is good and comely for one to eat …

Ecclesiastes 9:9 Live joyfully with the wife whom you love all the days of the life …

taken

Ecclesiastes 2:26 For God gives to a man that is good in his sight wisdom, and knowledge, …

Ecclesiastes 5:13,14 There is a sore evil which I have seen under the sun, namely, riches …

1 Kings 11:1-13 But king Solomon loved many strange women, together with the daughter …

Psalm 17:14 From men which are your hand, O LORD, from men of the world, which …

Psalm 39:6 Surely every man walks in a vain show: surely they are disquieted …

Psalm 49:10 For he sees that wise men die, likewise the fool and the brutish …

Luke 12:20 But God said to him, You fool, this night your soul shall be required …

Luke 16:27,28 Then he said, I pray you therefore, father, that you would send him …

Acts 20:29,30 For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter …

1 Corinthians 3:10 According to the grace of God which is given to me, as a wise master …

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