Psalm 51:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Create in me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within me.

King James Bible
Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.

American Standard Version
Create in me a clean heart, O God; And renew a right spirit within me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Create a clean heart in me, O God: and renew a right spirit within my bowels.

English Revised Version
Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.

Webster's Bible Translation
Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.

Psalm 51:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Substantiation of the prayer by the consideration, that his sense of sin is more than superficial, and that he is ready to make a penitential confession. True penitence is not a dead knowledge of sin committed, but a living sensitive consciousness of it (Isaiah 59:12), to which it is ever present as a matter and ground of unrest and pain. This penitential sorrow, which pervades the whole man, is, it is true, no merit that wins mercy or favour, but it is the condition, without which it is impossible for any manifestation of favour to take place. Such true consciousness of sin contemplates sin, of whatever kind it may be, directly as sin against God, and in its ultimate ground as sin against Him alone (חטא with ל of the person sinned against, Isaiah 42:24; Micah 7:9); for every relation in which man stands to his fellow-men, and to created things in general, is but the manifest form of his fundamental relationship to God; and sin is "that which is evil in the eyes of God" (Isaiah 65:12; Isaiah 66:4), it is contradiction to the will of God, the sole and highest Lawgiver and Judge. Thus it is, as David confesses, with regard to his sin, in order that... This למען must not be weakened by understanding it to refer to the result instead of to the aim or purpose. If, however, it is intended to express intention, it follows close upon the moral relationship of man to God expressed in לך לבדּך and הרע בּעיניך, - a relationship, the aim of which is, that God, when He now condemns the sinner, may appear as the just and holy One, who, as the sinner is obliged himself to acknowledge, cannot do otherwise than pronounce a condemnatory decision concerning him. When sin becomes manifest to a man as such, he must himself say Amen to the divine sentence, just as David does to that passed upon him by Nathan. And it is just the nature of penitence so to confess one's self to be in the wrong in order that God may be in the right and gain His cause. If, however, the sinner's self-accusation justifies the divine righteousness or justice, just as, on the other hand, all self-justification on the part of the sinner (which, however, sooner or later will be undeceived) accuses God of unrighteousness or injustice (Job 40:8): then all human sin must in the end tend towards the glorifying of God. In this sense Psalm 51:6 is applied by Paul (Romans 3:4), inasmuch as he regards what is here written in the Psalter - ὅπως ἂν δικαιωθῇς ἐν τοῖς λόγοις σου, καὶ νικῃσεες ἐν τῷ κρίνεσθαί σε (lxx) - as the goal towards which the whole history of Israel tends. Instead of בּדברך (infin. like שׁלחך, Genesis 38:17, in this instance for the sake of similarity of sound

(Note: Cf. the following forms, chosen on account of their accord: - נשׂוּי, Psalm 32:1; הנדּף, Psalm 68:3; צאינה, Sol 3:11; שׁתות, Isaiah 22:13; ממחים, ib. Psalm 25:6; הלּוט, ib. Psalm 25:7.)

instead of the otherwise usual form דּבּר), in Thy speaking, the lxx renders ἐν τοῖς λόγοις σου equals בּדבריך; instead of בּשׁפטך, ἐν τῷ κρίνεσθαί σε equals בּהשּׁפטך (infin. Niph.), provided κρίνεσθαι is intended as passive and not (as in Jeremiah 2:9 lxx, cf. Matthew 5:40) as middle. The thought remains essentially unchanged by the side of these deviations; and even the taking of the verb זכה, to be clean, pure, in the Syriac signification νικᾶν, does not alter it. That God may be justified in His decisive speaking and judging; that He, the Judge, may gain His cause in opposition to all human judgment, towards this tends David's confession of sin, towards this tends all human history, and more especially the history of Israel.

Psalm 51:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Create

2 Corinthians 5:17 Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.

Ephesians 2:10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to good works, which God has before ordained that we should walk in them.

clean

Psalm 73:1 Truly God is good to Israel, even to such as are of a clean heart.

Proverbs 20:9 Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin?

Jeremiah 13:27 I have seen your adulteries, and your neighings, the lewdness of your prostitution, and your abominations on the hills in the fields...

Jeremiah 32:39 And I will give them one heart, and one way, that they may fear me for ever, for the good of them, and of their children after them:

Ezekiel 11:19 And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; and I will take the stony heart out of their flesh...

Ezekiel 18:31 Cast away from you all your transgressions, whereby you have transgressed; and make you a new heart and a new spirit...

Ezekiel 36:25-27,37 Then will I sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you...

Matthew 5:8 Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.

Acts 15:9 And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith.

1 Peter 1:22 Seeing you have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit to unfeigned love of the brothers...

renew

Romans 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be you transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good...

Ephesians 4:22-24 That you put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts...

Colossians 3:10 And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him:

Titus 3:5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration...

right. or, constant

Psalm 78:8,37 And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that set not their heart aright...

Joshua 14:14 Hebron therefore became the inheritance of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite to this day...

1 Kings 15:3-5 And he walked in all the sins of his father, which he had done before him: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God...

Acts 11:23 Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted them all...

1 Corinthians 15:58 Therefore, my beloved brothers, be you steadfast, unmovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord...

James 1:8 A double minded man is unstable in all his ways.

Cross References
Matthew 5:8
"Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.

Acts 15:9
and he made no distinction between us and them, having cleansed their hearts by faith.

Ephesians 2:10
For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them.

Psalm 24:4
He who has clean hands and a pure heart, who does not lift up his soul to what is false and does not swear deceitfully.

Psalm 73:1
Truly God is good to Israel, to those who are pure in heart.

Psalm 78:8
and that they should not be like their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation, a generation whose heart was not steadfast, whose spirit was not faithful to God.

Psalm 78:37
Their heart was not steadfast toward him; they were not faithful to his covenant.

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