Job 31:16
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
"If I have kept the poor from their desire, Or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail,

King James Bible
If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;

Darby Bible Translation
If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or caused the eyes of the widow to fail;

World English Bible
"If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail,

Young's Literal Translation
If I withhold from pleasure the poor, And the eyes of the widow do consume,

Job 31:16 Parallel
Commentary
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

If I have withheld the poor from their desire - Job now turns to another class of virtues, regarded also as of great importance in the patriarchal ages, kindness to the poor and the afflicted; to the fatherless and the widow. He appeals to his former life on this subject; affirms that he had a good conscience in the recollection of his dealings with them, and impliedly declares that it could not have been for any deficiency in the exercise of these virtues that his calamities had come upon him. The meaning here is, that he had not denied to the poor their wish. If they had come and desired bread of him, he had not withheld it; see Job 22:7.

Or caused the eyes of the widow to fail - That is, I have not frustrated her hopes, or disappointed her expectations, when she has looked intently upon me, and desired my aid. The "failing of the eyes" refers to failing of the object of their expectation; or the expression means that she had not looked to him in vain; see Job 11:20.

Job 31:16 Parallel Commentaries

Library
Whether virtue is in us by Nature?
Objection 1: It would seem that virtue is in us by nature. For Damascene says (De Fide Orth. iii, 14): "Virtues are natural to us and are equally in all of us." And Antony says in his sermon to the monks: "If the will contradicts nature it is perverse, if it follow nature it is virtuous." Moreover, a gloss on Mat. 4:23, "Jesus went about," etc., says: "He taught them natural virtues, i.e. chastity, justice, humility, which man possesses naturally." Objection 2: Further, the virtuous good consists
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Whether Confession is According to the Natural Law?
Objection 1: It would seem that confession is according to the natural law. For Adam and Cain were bound to none but the precepts of the natural law, and yet they are reproached for not confessing their sin. Therefore confession of sin is according to the natural law. Objection 2: Further, those precepts which are common to the Old and New Law are according to the natural law. But confession was prescribed in the Old Law, as may be gathered from Is. 43:26: "Tell, if thou hast anything to justify
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Cross References
James 1:27
Pure and undefiled religion in the sight of our God and Father is this: to visit orphans and widows in their distress, and to keep oneself unstained by the world.

Exodus 22:22
"You shall not afflict any widow or orphan.

Job 5:16
"So the helpless has hope, And unrighteousness must shut its mouth.

Job 20:19
"For he has oppressed and forsaken the poor; He has seized a house which he has not built.

Job 22:7
"To the weary you have given no water to drink, And from the hungry you have withheld bread.

Job 22:9
"You have sent widows away empty, And the strength of the orphans has been crushed.

Proverbs 22:22
Do not rob the poor because he is poor, Or crush the afflicted at the gate;

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