Psalm 78:21
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
When the LORD heard them, he was furious; his fire broke out against Jacob, and his wrath rose against Israel,

New Living Translation
When the LORD heard them, he was furious. The fire of his wrath burned against Jacob. Yes, his anger rose against Israel,

English Standard Version
Therefore, when the LORD heard, he was full of wrath; a fire was kindled against Jacob; his anger rose against Israel,

New American Standard Bible
Therefore the LORD heard and was full of wrath; And a fire was kindled against Jacob And anger also mounted against Israel,

King James Bible
Therefore the LORD heard this, and was wroth: so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel;

Christian Standard Bible
Therefore, the LORD heard and became furious; then fire broke out against Jacob, and anger flared up against Israel

Contemporary English Version
When the LORD heard this, he was angry and furious with Jacob's descendants, the people of Israel.

Good News Translation
And so the LORD was angry when he heard them; he attacked his people with fire, and his anger against them grew,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Therefore, the LORD heard and became furious; then fire broke out against Jacob, and anger flared up against Israel

International Standard Version
Therefore, when the LORD heard this, he was angry, and fire broke out against Jacob. Moreover, his anger flared against Israel,

NET Bible
When the LORD heard this, he was furious. A fire broke out against Jacob, and his anger flared up against Israel,

New Heart English Bible
Therefore the LORD heard, and was angry. A fire was kindled against Jacob, anger also went up against Israel,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Because of this, Lord Jehovah heard and he was angry, and a fire seized upon Jacob, also wrath came up in Israel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When the LORD heard this, he became furious. His fire burned against Jacob and his anger flared up at Israel

JPS Tanakh 1917
Therefore the LORD heard, and was wroth; And a fire was kindled against Jacob, And anger also went up against Israel;

New American Standard 1977
Therefore the LORD heard and was full of wrath, And a fire was kindled against Jacob, And anger also mounted against Israel;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Therefore the LORD heard this and was wroth, so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore the LORD heard this, and was angry: so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel;

American King James Version
Therefore the LORD heard this, and was wroth: so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel;

American Standard Version
Therefore Jehovah heard, and was wroth; And a fire was kindled against Jacob, And anger also went up against Israel;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Therefore the Lord heard, and was angry: and a fire was kindled against Jacob, and wrath came up against Israel.

Darby Bible Translation
Therefore Jehovah heard, and was wroth; and fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also went up against Israel:

English Revised Version
Therefore the LORD heard, and was wroth: and a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also went up against Israel;

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore the LORD heard this, and was wroth: so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel;

World English Bible
Therefore Yahweh heard, and was angry. A fire was kindled against Jacob, anger also went up against Israel,

Young's Literal Translation
Therefore hath Jehovah heard, And He sheweth Himself wroth, And fire hath been kindled against Jacob, And anger also hath gone up against Israel,
Study Bible
I will Open My Mouth in Parables
20"Behold, He struck the rock so that waters gushed out, And streams were overflowing; Can He give bread also? Will He provide meat for His people?" 21Therefore the LORD heard and was full of wrath; And a fire was kindled against Jacob And anger also mounted against Israel, 22Because they did not believe in God And did not trust in His salvation.…
Cross References
Numbers 11:1
Now the people became like those who complain of adversity in the hearing of the LORD; and when the LORD heard it, His anger was kindled, and the fire of the LORD burned among them and consumed some of the outskirts of the camp.

Psalm 66:12
You made men ride over our heads; We went through fire and through water, Yet You brought us out into a place of abundance.
Treasury of Scripture

Therefore the LORD heard this, and was wroth: so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel;

the Lord

Psalm 78:31 The wrath of God came on them, and slew the fattest of them, and …

Numbers 11:10 Then Moses heard the people weep throughout their families, every …

1 Corinthians 10:5,11 But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown …

Jude 1:5 I will therefore put you in remembrance, though you once knew this, …

a fire

Numbers 11:1-3 And when the people complained, it displeased the LORD: and the LORD …

Deuteronomy 32:22 For a fire is kindled in my anger, and shall burn to the lowest hell, …

Hebrews 12:29 For our God is a consuming fire.

(21) See references in margin.

Verse 21. - Therefore the Lord heard this. Though these might be unspoken thoughts, yet God would "hear" them, i.e. be aware of them; for "he knoweth the very secrets of the heart." And was wroth (comp. vers. 59, 62; Deuteronomy 3:26). So a fire was kindled against Jacob. Not a material fire, as in Leviticus 10:2; Numbers 11:1-3; and Numbers 16:35; but the fire of God's displeasure. And anger also came up against Israel (comp. vers. 30, 31; Numbers 11:33). Therefore the Lord heard this,.... What they said in their hearts, and what they expressed with their mouths, all their murmurings against him, their distrust of his power and providence, and disbelief of his promises; see Numbers 11:1, and was wroth; exceeding wroth; he was highly displeased; there was an overflow of his indignation, as the word (a) signifies; it was running upon him, upon the thick bosses of his buckler, to arraign his perfections, call in question any of his attributes, and disbelieve his word; this must greatly exasperate him, and provoke the eyes of his glory:

so a fire was kindled against Jacob; the posterity of Jacob; or in Jacob (b), in the camp of Israel; which was literally true, because of the murmurings of the people against the Lord fire came down from heaven, and burnt among them, and consumed the uttermost parts of the camp; wherefore the name of the place was called Taberah, which signifies a burning, Numbers 11:1, or it may be taken figuratively for the wrath of God, which is oftentimes compared to fire; see Nahum 1:6 hence it follows,

and anger also came up against Israel; the people of Israel, the same with Jacob before; the allusion is to men when angry, in whose breasts anger burns, and from thence it rises up, and shows itself in their countenance, in their eyes, and by the words of their mouth.

(a) "transiit in hithpael de transitu vel exundatione bilis solet usurpari", Gejerus. (b) "in Jahacob", Pagninus, Montanus, Musculus. 21. fire—the effect of the "anger" (Nu 11:1).78:9-39. Sin dispirits men, and takes away the heart. Forgetfulness of God's works is the cause of disobedience to his laws. This narrative relates a struggle between God's goodness and man's badness. The Lord hears all our murmurings and distrusts, and is much displeased. Those that will not believe the power of God's mercy, shall feel the fire of his indignation. Those cannot be said to trust in God's salvation as their happiness at last, who can not trust his providence in the way to it. To all that by faith and prayer, ask, seek, and knock, these doors of heaven shall at any time be opened; and our distrust of God is a great aggravation of our sins. He expressed his resentment of their provocation; not in denying what they sinfully lusted after, but in granting it to them. Lust is contented with nothing. Those that indulge their lust, will never be estranged from it. Those hearts are hard indeed, that will neither be melted by the mercies of the Lord, nor broken by his judgments. Those that sin still, must expect to be in trouble still. And the reason why we live with so little comfort, and to so little purpose, is, because we do not live by faith. Under these rebukes they professed repentance, but they were not sincere, for they were not constant. In Israel's history we have a picture of our own hearts and lives. God's patience, and warnings, and mercies, imbolden them to harden their hearts against his word. And the history of kingdoms is much the same. Judgments and mercies have been little attended to, until the measure of their sins has been full. And higher advantages have not kept churches from declining from the commandments of God. Even true believers recollect, that for many a year they abused the kindness of Providence. When they come to heaven, how will they admire the Lord's patience and mercy in bringing them to his kingdom!
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