1 Samuel 13
Contemporary English Version

Saul Disobeys the Lord

1Saul was a young man+ when he became king, and he ruled Israel for two years. 2Then+ he chose 3,000 men from Israel to be full-time soldiers and sent everyone else+ home. Two thousand of these troops stayed with him in the hills around Michmash and Bethel. The other 1,000 were stationed with Jonathan+ at Gibeah+ in the territory of Benjamin.

3Jonathan led an attack on the Philistine army camp at Geba.+ The Philistine camp was destroyed, but+ the other Philistines heard what had happened. Then Saul told his messengers, “Go to every village in the country. Give a signal with the trumpet, and when the people come together, tell them what has happened.”

4The messengers then said to the people of Israel, “Saul has destroyed the Philistine army camp at Geba.+ Now the Philistines really hate Israel, so every town and village must send men to join Saul's army at Gilgal.”

5The Philistines called their army together to fight Israel. They had 3,000+ chariots, 6,000 cavalry, and as many foot soldiers as there are grains of sand on the beach. They went to Michmash and set up camp there east of Beth-Aven.+

6The Israelite army realized that they were outnumbered and were going to lose the battle. Some of the Israelite men hid in caves or in clumps of bushes,+ and some ran to places where they could hide among large rocks. Others hid in tombs+ or in deep dry pits. 7Still others+ went to Gad and Gilead on the other side of the Jordan River.

Saul stayed at Gilgal. His soldiers were shaking with fear, 8 and they were starting to run off and leave him. Saul waited there seven days, just as Samuel had ordered him to do,+ but Samuel did not come. 9Finally, Saul commanded, “Bring me some animals, so we can offer sacrifices to please the Lord and ask for his help.”

Saul killed one of the animals, 10and just as he placed it on the altar, Samuel arrived. Saul went out to welcome him.

11“What have you done?” Samuel asked.

Saul answered, “My soldiers were leaving in all directions, and you didn't come when you were supposed to. The Philistines were gathering at Michmash, 12and I was worried that they would attack me here at Gilgal. I hadn't offered a sacrifice to ask for the Lord's help, so I forced myself to offer a sacrifice on the altar fire.”

13“That was stupid!” Samuel said. “You didn't obey the Lord your God. If you had obeyed him, someone from your family would always have been king of Israel. 14 But no, you disobeyed, and so the Lord won't choose anyone else from your family to be king. In fact, he has already chosen the one he wants to be the next leader of his people.” 15Then Samuel left Gilgal.

Part of Saul's army had not deserted him, and he led them to Gibeah in Benjamin to join his other troops. Then he counted them+ and found that he still had 600 men. 16Saul, Jonathan, and their army set up camp at Geba in Benjamin.

Jonathan Attacks the Philistines

The Philistine army was camped at Michmash. 17Each day they sent out patrols to attack and rob villages and then destroy them. One patrol would go north along the road to Ophrah in the region of Shual. 18Another patrol would go west along the road to Beth-Horon. A third patrol would go east toward the desert on the road to the ridge that overlooks Zeboim Valley.

19The Philistines would not allow any Israelites to learn how to make iron tools. “If we allowed that,” they said, “those worthless Israelites would make swords and spears.”

20-21Whenever the Israelites wanted to get an iron point put on a cattle prod,+ they had to go to the Philistines. Even if they wanted to sharpen plow-blades, picks, axes, sickles,+ and pitchforks+ they still had to go to them. And the Philistines charged high prices. 22So, whenever the Israelite soldiers had to go into battle, none of them had a sword or a spear except Saul and his son Jonathan.

23The Philistines moved their camp to the pass at Michmash,


13.1 a young man: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text; several manuscripts of one ancient translation have “thirty years old.”
13.1,2 for … Then: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text.
13.2 everyone else: People who were not full-time soldiers, but fought together with the army when the nation was in danger.
13.2 Jonathan: Saul's son (see verse 16).
13.2 Michmash … Bethel … Gibeah: These three towns form a triangle, with Bethel to the north.
13.3 Geba: Geba was between Gibeah and Michmash.
13.3 led an attack … destroyed, but: Or “killed the Philistine military governor who lived at Geba, and.”
13.4 destroyed … Geba: Or “killed the Philistine military governor who lived at Geba.”
13.5 3,000: Some ancient translations; Hebrew “30,000.”
13.5 Beth-Aven: This Beth-Aven was probably located about one and a half kilometers southwest of Michmash, between Michmash and Geba.
13.6 in … bushes: Or “in cracks in the rocks.”
13.6 tombs: The Hebrew word may mean a room cut into solid rock and used as a burial place, or it may mean a cellar.
13.7 Still others: This translates a Hebrew word which may be used of wandering groups of people who sometimes became outlaws or hired soldiers (see also 14.21).
13.8 Samuel … to do: See 10.8.
13.15 Then Samuel … counted them: Two ancient translations; Hebrew “Then Samuel left Gilgal and went to Gibeah in Benjamin. Saul counted his army.”
13.20,21 cattle prod: A pole used to poke cattle and make them move.
13.20,21 sickles: One ancient translation; Hebrew “plow-blades.”
13.20,21 pitchforks: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text.

Contemporary English Version, Second Edition (CEV®)

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