1 Chronicles 9:34
These chief fathers of the Levites were chief throughout their generations; these dwelled at Jerusalem.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
(34) These chief . . . generations.—Literally, These are the heads of the Levitical houses, according to their birth-rolls, heads. (Comp. 1Chronicles 8:28 for the meaning.)

These dwelt in Jerusalem.—A final remark concerning all the Levites of 1Chronicles 9:14-32. The proper names are regarded as chiefs, under whom their numerous clansmen are subsumed.

1 Chronicles 9:34-35. These dwelt at Jerusalem — Upon their return from Babylon they were not suffered to choose their habitations in the country, as others were, but were obliged to settle themselves at Jerusalem, that they might constantly attend upon God’s service there. Whose wife’s name was Maachah — In this and the following verses he repeats Saul’s genealogy, that he might make way for the following history. 9:1-44 Genealogies. - This chapter expresses that one end of recording all these genealogies was, to direct the Jews, when they returned out of captivity, with whom to unite, and where to reside. Here is an account of the good state into which the affairs of religion were put, on the return from Babylon. Every one knew his charge. Work is likely to be done well when every one knows the duty of his place, and makes a business of it. God is the God of order. Thus was the temple a figure of the heavenly one, where they rest not day nor night from praising God, Re 4:8. Blessed be His name, believers there shall, not in turn, but all together, without interruption, praise him night and day: may the Lord make each of us fit for the inheritance of the saints in light.Chief throughout their generations - The superintendents, that is, were the genealogical head of the different Levitical divisions, and bore special rule, each over those of his own blood and race. The hereditary principle prevailed, not only in the high priesthood, but also in the priestly offices of the second rank. 18. the king's gate—The king had a gate from his palace into the temple (2Ki 16:18), which doubtless was kept constantly closed except for the monarch's use; and although there was no king in Israel on the return from the captivity, yet the old ceremonial was kept up, probably in the hope that the scepter would, ere long, be restored to the house of David. It is an honor by which Eastern kings are distinguished, to have a gate exclusively devoted to their own special use, and which is kept constantly closed, except when he goes out or returns (Eze 44:2). There being no king then in Israel, this gate would be always shut. Upon their return from Babylon they were not suffered to choose their habitations in the country, as others were, but were obliged to settle themselves at Jerusalem, that they might constantly attend upon God’s service there, and be ready to instruct the younger Levites in their office, as they needed or desired it. These chief fathers of the Levites were chief throughout their generations,.... Even all before made mention of in this chapter:

these dwelt at Jerusalem; always resided there, and did not in turns go into the country villages, as the inferior Levites did; their office requiring them to be constantly there, being chief of the porters, singers, &c. who had the superintendency and direction of the rest.

These chief fathers of the Levites were chief throughout their generations; these dwelt at Jerusalem.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)
34. These chief … generations] R.V. These were heads of fathers’ houses of the Levites, throughout their generations, chief men.Verse 34. - This verse can scarcely be other than a closing general comment respecting all the chief fathers of the Levites, who have been spoken of (1 Chronicles 8:28); and it purports to say that the same order and principle obtained in the offices referred to from generation to generation of families. And of them (the Levites), some were over the vessels of the service, by which we are probably to understand the costly vessels, e.g., the golden cups for the libations, etc., which were brought from the treasure-chamber only for a short time for use in the service. They were brought, according to the number, into the place where the service took place, and after being again numbered, were again carried forth; and according to 1 Chronicles 9:29, other Levites were set over הכּלים and over הקּדשׁ כּלי.
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