Gaebelein's Annotated Bible
And the rulers of the people dwelt at Jerusalem: the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts to dwell in other cities.III. THE PEOPLE ESTABLISHED, THE DEDICATION OF THE WALL, AND NEHEMIAH’s FINAL ACTS
1. The willing offerers (Nehemiah 11:1-2)
2. The heads of the residents of Jerusalem (Nehemiah 11:3-24)
3. The inhabitants outside of Jerusalem (Nehemiah 11:25-36)
Nehemiah 11:1-2. A splendid example of self-sacrifice is given in these two verses. Certain men willingly offered themselves to dwell in Jerusalem, and the people blest them for the willing sacrifice. It must be explained that Jerusalem was not then a very desirable place for residence. The enemies of the city seeking to destroy the fortifications and harm the inhabitants were constantly active. There was much danger for those who dwelt in the city itself. For this reason the great majority of the returned captives preferred to live outside of the walls of Jerusalem. It was decided to make every tenth man to dwell in Jerusalem. The decision was made by lot. But then these volunteers came to the front and displayed self denial and courage.
Nehemiah 11:3-24. Here is another register of names recorded in God’s book, and not forgotten by Him. The children of Judah, the children of Benjamin, the priests who acted as temple officials, the Levites, the Nethinim, and those with special callings are all named. Some day the Lord will be their Rewarder for their faithful service, as He will be the Rewarder of all His people.
Nehemiah 11:25-36. Those who lived outside of Jerusalem, in villages, are tabulated in the closing verses of this chapter.