And the superscription of his accusation was written over, THE KING OF THE JEWS.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)The King of the Jews.—St. Mark gives the shortest form of the inscription.
The King of the Jews - See the notes at Matthew 27:37.
See on Joh 19:17-30.See Poole on "Mark 15:21"
was written; over his head, upon the cross, to which it was fastened; the sum of which was,
the king of the Jews; See Gill on Matthew 27:37.And the superscription of his accusation was written over, THE KING OF THE JEWS.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)Mark 15:26. ἐπιγραφὴ ἐπιγεγραμμένη: awkwardly expressed; Mt. and Lk. have phrases which look like corrections of style.—ὁ βασ. τῶν Ἰουδ.: the simplest form of the inscription.26. And the superscription] “and the title of his cause was written,” Wyclif. The cause of execution was generally, as we have seen, inscribed on a white tablet, titulus, smeared with gypsum. It had been borne before Him on His way to the Cross, or suspended round His neck. It was now nailed on the projecting top of the cross over His head.
The King of the Jews] Pilate had caused it to be written in three languages, that all classes might be able to read it. The ordinary Hebrew or Aramaic of the people, the official Latin of the Romans, and the Greek of the foreign population (John 19:20). For the endeavour of the Jewish high-priest to get the title altered see St John 19:21-22.Verse 26. - And the superscription of his accusation was written over, THE KING OF THE JEWS. This would probably be the shortest form of inscription, and in Latin, "Rex Judaeorum." All the evangelists mention the inscription; but no two of them in precisely the same words. It appears by comparison of them that the whole title was, "This is Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews." In the case of remarkable prisoners the accusation was written on a white tablet, and carried before them as they went to the place of execution. It was then placed over their heads when the cross was erected. St. John tells us that our Lord's title was written in three languages - Hebrew, Latin, and Greek. Such appears to be the proper order of the words, namely, the national, the official, and the common dialect. St. Mark, writing at Rome, would naturally mention the Latin title. It is quite possible that the superscription may have varied in the different renderings in which it was given. It is evident from St. John (John 21:19-22) that the title was much canvassed by the Jews and the chief priests. Bode says that this title was fitly placed over his head, because, although he was crucified in weakness for us, yet he shone with the majesty of a King above his cross. The title proclaimed that he was after all a King; and that from henceforth he began to reign from his cross over the Jews. And therefore Pilate was divinely restrained from making any alteration in the title, so that it should mean anything less than this.
Matthew, simply accusation; Luke, superscription; John, title. See on Matthew 27:37.
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