People's New Testament
Dare any of you, having a matter against another, go to law before the unjust, and not before the saints?
6:1 Litigation Among Brethren
SUMMARY OF I CORINTHIANS 6:
Going to Law Before Heathen. The Saints As Judges. Suffer Wrong Rather Than Do Wrong. The Impure Cannot Be God's Children. What Is Lawful Not Always Expedient. The Christian's Body a Temple.
Dare any of you... go to law before the unjust? The third indictment against the Corinthian church is now presented. Some had sought judgments against their brethren in heathen courts. This Paul indignantly rebukes. The Jews themselves made it a rule never to carry cases before heathen tribunals. Much worse was it in Christians.
Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world? and if the world shall be judged by you, are ye unworthy to judge the smallest matters?
6:2 Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world? Shall sit with Christ, after they have been judged, while the world is judged (Mt 25:41; 19:29). If so high a trust is to be given, it is a little thing that saints should judge differences between church members. These ought all to be submitted to arbitrators, or to the officers.
Know ye not that we shall judge angels? how much more things that pertain to this life?
6:3 Know ye not that we shall judge angels? Evidently the bad angels, who shall be judged when the world is judged.
If then ye have judgments of things pertaining to this life, set them to judge who are least esteemed in the church.
6:4 If then ye have judgments of things pertaining to this life. If the saints shall have the high prerogative of judging the world and bad angels with Christ, then it is a condescension to judge of trivial earthly matters.
Set them to judge who are least esteemed in the church. An ironical way of hinting that their differences were so petty as to be worthy only of the poorest witted.
I speak to your shame. Is it so, that there is not a wise man among you? no, not one that shall be able to judge between his brethren?
6:5 I speak to your shame. The last sentence was spoken to shame them, not as a serious rule. He now speaks seriously.
Is it so, that there not a wise man among you? A man of prudent judgment, capable of settling differences among them.
But brother goeth to law with brother, and that before the unbelievers.
6:6 And that before unbelievers. It was lamentable that brethren should go to law. How much more of a scandal when they carried their cases into the heathen courts.
Now therefore there is utterly a fault among you, because ye go to law one with another. Why do ye not rather take wrong? why do ye not rather suffer yourselves to be defrauded?
6:7 There is utterly a fault among you. It was a fault ( loss or defeat in the Greek) to go to law at all. It was better
rather take wrong... rather to be defrauded, than to work so great an injury to the church by the ill-feeling aroused, and by the scandal in the eyes of the heathen. The rule is, then, (1) To suffer wrong rather than to go to law. (2) If an adjudication is required, to refer to the case, not to unbelieving judges, but to a wise man within the church. For other Scriptures bearing on the subject, see 1Pe 2:23 Mt 5:40 1Pe 2:19 Pr 20:22.
Nay, ye do wrong, and defraud, and that your brethren.
Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,
6:9 The unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God. The glorious kingdom of which the church is the earthly type. The church is God's kingdom on earth, and its faithful members inherit the heavenly kingdom (Mt 25:34).
Be not deceived. Let no one make the mistake of thinking that any unrighteous man shall be an heir.
Effeminate. This and the next phrase refer to a shameful crime quite prevalent among the heathen, the first submitting themselves to the foul sensuality, and the second actively abusing themselves with men, contrary to nature. Both are Sodomites. None guilty of any one of the list of vices given can be an heir of heaven.
Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.
And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
6:11 And such were some of you. Some of the worst classes had been converted.
Ye are washed. Were washed, as in the Revised Version. These verbs are all past tense. The rite of baptism is probably referred to.
Ye are sanctified. To be sanctified is to be set apart to God.
Ye are justified. That is, their sins were blotted out and they were counted righteous. Sinners as they were before, the gospel had washed, hallowed, and justified them.
By the Spirit of our God. The work was consummated by the gift of the Holy Spirit (Ac 2:38).
All things are lawful unto me, but all things are not expedient: all things are lawful for me, but I will not be brought under the power of any.
6:12 All things are lawful unto me, but all things are not expedient. Paul had taught that a Christian could use liberty in regard to things indifferent. Some seem to have held that this justified indulgence, as was taught by the Epicureans. Paul says in substance, Be it so; but all things are not expedient, for the Christian, Christ's freeman, must not be brought under the power of any appetite. Whoever is thus subjected is not a freeman, but a servant, the servant of sin. Though all things are in our power, we must not be brought under their power.
Meats for the belly, and the belly for meats: but God shall destroy both it and them. Now the body is not for fornication, but for the Lord; and the Lord for the body.
6:13 Meats for the belly, and the belly for meats. Self-indulgence was also excused, because food and the stomach were made for each other. But these are both perishable. Moreover, if the belly was made for meats,
the body is not for fornication. It was not made for this, but for a nobler purpose--for the Lord. Hence, sensuality cannot be thus justified.
And God hath both raised up the Lord, and will also raise up us by his own power.
6:14 And God... will also raise up us. As the Lord was raised, so shall we be. Hence, we are for a nobler purpose than engaging in sensuality.
Know ye not that your bodies are the members of Christ? shall I then take the members of Christ, and make them the members of an harlot? God forbid.
6:15 Know ye not that your bodies are the members of Christ? This is a doctrine emphasized by Paul. Our bodies are a part of Christ's mystical body, the Lord's holy temple, designed for the indwelling of the Spirit. How sacrilegious to take a member of Christ's body and degrade it to fornication, or to any act of licentiousness! It is a duty which a Christian owes to Christ to keep his body pure. As the arm or finger has the life of the body until cut off, so we have the life of Christ until we sever ourselves from him by sinful acts.
What? know ye not that he which is joined to an harlot is one body? for two, saith he, shall be one flesh.
But he that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit.
6:17 He that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit. There is one life and one spirit until severed from Christ.
Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is without the body; but he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body.
6:18 Flee fornication. The sin must be fled. The way to avoid it is to avoid temptation. We must conquer by running away. Thus it was that Joseph prevailed.
Every sin that a man doeth is without the body. The temptations come from without and assail the man through the sense. This is the rule in the case of sin.
But he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body. It is not said of fornication that it is not stimulated without, or that it, alone of sins, assails the body, but that it is peculiarly a sin against the body. It defiles a body which is designed to be a member of Christ, and a temple of the Holy Spirit; separates it from the union with Christ, and unites it with a harlot. The grievousness of the sin is in the desecration to such an unholy purpose of a body which has become a member of Christ, a part of the temple of God.
What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?
6:19 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost. This makes clear how terrible is the sin of defiling the body by licentiousness. It is desecrating God's temple. As the Shekinah dwelt in the temple of Israel, so the Holy Spirit in Christ's temple, which we are.
Ye are not your own. But members of Christ, and hence have not the right to use our bodies to our own pleasure.
For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.
6:20 Ye are bought with a price. Christ paid the price, even his blood. See PNT 1Co 7:23.
Glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's. Hence, since both body and spirit are God's, both should be used to glorify him. The fact that we are his, purchased, parts of his spiritual temple, makes the obligation imperative to consecrate the body and spirit to his service.