People's New Testament
Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work,
Titus 3:1 Various Duties of Social Life
SUMMARY OF TITUS 3:
Duties of Christian Life. The Former State of Christians. How God Saved Us. The Bath of Regeneration. The Treatment of Heretics. Personal Directions.
Be subject to principalities and powers. To the authorities over them. The Cretans were subjected to Roman sway B.C. 67, but had always been turbulent and impatient. Christians should keep aloof from seditions which could only work evil.
To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, but gentle, shewing all meekness unto all men.
Titus 3:2 Gentle. Forbearing and patient.
For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another.
Titus 3:3 For we ourselves. We Christians.
Were sometimes. Once we were just as foolish, disobedience, turbulent and sinful as others.
But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared,
Titus 3:4 But after that. That we are not so now is due, not to ourselves, but to the love of God shown in the gospel.
Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;
Titus 3:5 He saved us. Not by our righteousness, but by his mercy. The means chosen by his mercy to place us in the state of salvation are next spoken of.
By the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit. Two elements enter into the saving; these are referred to in John as the birth of water and of the Spirit (Joh 3:5). God's spirit effects the renewal of the spirit of man by bringing him to faith and repentance through the preaching of the gospel; thus the renewal of the Holy Spirit is begun, and the gift of the Holy Spirit is promised as a sequence of baptism (Ro 6:1-8) shows that the sinner dies to sin, is buried by baptism, rises to a new life, and is a new creature. Washing to regeneration is literally, bath of regeneration. All commentators of reputation refer this to baptism, such as Meyer, Olshausen, Lange, Plumptree, Schaff, Canon Cook, Wesley, etc. Regeneration is due to the Holy Spirit, but baptism is an outward act that God requires to complete the fact. The term regeneration only occurs here and Mt 19:28.
Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour;
Titus 3:6 Which he. The Holy Spirit.
Shed on us abundantly. On the church. On some even in miraculous measure. See Ac 2:1-10.
That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
Titus 3:7 That being justified by his grace. Our sins all forgiven, that through God's grace, we might be accepted as his children.
This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men.
Titus 3:8 This is a faithful saying. What has been said in the last four verses.
Affirm constantly. That they are saved by the gospel, and hence must live holy lives.
Maintain good works. Active in good deeds.
But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law; for they are unprofitable and vain.
Titus 3:9 But avoid foolish questions. How often this admonition!
And genealogies. See PNT 1Ti 1:4.
And strivings about the law. Disputes over points connected with the Jewish law.
A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject;
Titus 3:10 An heretic. A divider, or schismatic. Any one who preaches doctrines which divide the household of faith is a heretic. So is any schismatic or factious man. This is the only passage in the New Testament where heretic occurs, though heresy is elsewhere named (Ac 24:14).
Reject. First admonish and warn, repeat it, and if there is no change, then refuse his fellowship.
Knowing that he that is such is subverted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself.
Titus 3:11 Knowing that he that is such. No one can continue factious unless he is perverted from the truth.
When I shall send Artemas unto thee, or Tychicus, be diligent to come unto me to Nicopolis: for I have determined there to winter.
Titus 3:12 When I shall send. Titus was not stationed permanently in Crete, as a diocesan bishop, but was left for a certain work (Titus 1:5), and is now bidden to leave as soon as another is sent to take his place.
Artemas. Otherwise unknown.
Tychicus. Often named as one of Paul's companions. See notes on Col 4:7 Eph 6:21.
Come unto me to Nicopolis. A town on the west coast of Greece in Epirus, so named because Augustus Caesar gained the great battle of Actium there. It means City of Victory. History seems to make it probable that Paul did go there to winter, was again arrested, and carried to Rome to die.
Bring Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their journey diligently, that nothing be wanting unto them.
Titus 3:13 Bring Zenas the lawyer. Of him nothing more is known.
And Apollos. See Ac 18:24-28. It was the custom of the churches to help the early evangelists forward on their journeys.
And let ours also learn to maintain good works for necessary uses, that they be not unfruitful.
Titus 3:14 Let ours also learn. Our fellow-Christians. This suggests that it would be a good work to aid Zenas and Apollos.
All that are with me salute thee. Greet them that love us in the faith. Grace be with you all. Amen.