He that trusts in his riches shall fall; but the righteous shall flourish as a branch.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)He that trusteth in his riches shall fall.—Because of their uncertainty, and because they prevent his trusting in the living God (1Timothy 6:17).Psalm 1:3; Isaiah 34:4.
righteous … branch—(Ps 1:3; Jer 17:8).He that trusteth in his riches, as his chief portion, and felicity, and ground of safety,
shall fall, as a withered leaf, by comparing this clause with the latter.
The righteous, who maketh God alone, and not riches, his trust,
shall flourish as a branch, to wit, a green and flourishing branch. Revelation 18:7;
but the righteous shall flourish as a branch; that abides in the tree, is alive and green, full of leaves, and laden with fruit: so the righteous are as branches in Christ, and receive life and nourishment from him, and abide in him; and bring forth fruit and flourish, like palm trees and cedars, in the house of the Lord, and grow in every grace, and in the knowledge of Christ; see Jeremiah 17:7.He that trusteth in his riches shall fall; but the righteous shall flourish as a branch.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)28. branch] Rather leaf, R.V. Comp. Genesis 3:7; Psalm 1:3.Verse 28. - There are many expressions in this and the following verses which recall Psalm 1. He that trusteth in his riches shall fall (Proverbs 10:2; Psalm 49:6, 7; Psalm 52:7; Ecclus. 5:8). Wealth is of all things the most uncertain, and leads the heart astray from God (1 Timothy 6:17). As a branch; "as a leaf" (Psalm 1:8; Isaiah 34:4). The righteous grow in grace and spiritual beauty, and bring forth the fruit of good works. Septuagint, "He who layeth hold on what is righteous [or, 'helpeth the righteous'] shall spring up (ἀνατελεῖ)."
A fair woman and without delicacy.
This is the first instance of an emblematical proverb in which the first and second lines are related to each other as figure and its import, vid., p. 9. The lxx translates rhythmically, but by its ὥσπερ ... οὕτως it destroys the character of this picture-book proverbial form. The nose-ring, נזם, generally attached to the right nostril and hanging down over the mouth (vid., Lane's Manners, etc.) is a female ornament that has been in use since the time of the patriarchs (Genesis 24:47). If one supposes such a ring in a swine's snout, then in such a thing he has the emblem of a wife in whom beauty and the want of culture are placed together in direct contrast. טעם is taste carried over into the intellectual region, the capability of forming a judgment, Job 12:20, and particularly the capability of discovering that which is right and adapted to the end in view, 1 Samuel 25:33 (of Abigail), here in accordance with the figure of a beast with which the ideas of uncleanness, shamelessness, and rudeness are associated, a mind for the noble, the fine, the fitting, that which in the higher and at the same time intellectual and ethical sense we call tact (fine feeling); סרת (alienata) denotes the want of this capacity, not without the accompanying idea of self-guilt.
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