Romans 5
Scofield Reference Notes
Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:
By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
And patience, experience; and experience, hope:
And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.
For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.
For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die.
Margin righteous

See Rom 1: 1:19 See Scofield Note: "Rom 10:10".

But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.
For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.
Margin Reconciliation

See Rom 5: 10,11 2Cor 5:18-20 Col 1:21.

And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.
Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:
[2] Wherefore

The "wherefore" relates back to Rom 3:19-23 and may be regarded as a continuation of the discussion of the universality of sin, interrupted Rom 3:24-5:11 by the passage on justification and its results.

[3] have sinned

The first sin wrought the moral ruin of the race. The demonstration is simple.

(1) Death is universal (Rom 4:12,14), all die: sinless infants, moral people, religious people, equally with the depraved. For a universal effect there must be a universal cause; that cause is a state of universal sin (Rom 5:12).

(2) But this universal state must have had a cause. It did. The consequence of Adam's sin was that "the many were made sinners" (Rom 5:19)--"By the offence of one judgment came upon all men unto condemnation" (Rom 5:18).

(3) Personal sins are not meant here. From Adam to Moses death reigned (Rom 5:14), although, there being no law, personal guilt was not imputed (Rom 5:13). Accordingly, from Gen 4.7 to Ex 29.14 the sin-offering is not once mentioned. Then, since physical death from Adam to Moses was not due to the sinful acts of those who die (Rom 5:13), it follows that it was due to a universal sinful state, or nature, and that state is declared to be out inheritance from Adam.

(4) the moral state of fallen man is described in Scripture Gen 6:5 1Ki 8:46 Ps 14:1-3 39:5 Jer 17:9 Mt 18:11 Mk 7:20,23 Rom 1:21 2:1-29 3:9-19 7:24 8:7 Jn 3:6 1Cor 2:14 2Cor 3:14 4:4 Gal 5:19-21 Eph 2:1-3,11,12 4:18-22 Col 1:21 Heb 3:13 Jas 4:14 1Cor 15:22.

(For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.
Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.
[4] Adam to Moses

Broadly, the contrast is: Adam: sin, death; Christ: righteousness, life. Adam drew down into his ruin the old creation Rom 8:19-22 of which he was lord and head. Christ brings into moral unity with God, and into eternal life, the new creation of which he is Lord and Head. Eph 1:22,23. Even the animal and material creation, cursed for man's sake. Gen 3:17 will be delivered by Christ. Isa 11:6-9 Rom 8:19-22.

But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.
Margin one many

the one the many died.

And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification.
Margin offences

Sin. See Scofield Note: "Rom 3:23".

For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)
Margin offence

Sin. See Scofield Note: "Rom 3:23".

Margin righteousness

See Rom 5:17,18,21. See Scofield Note: "Rom 3:21".

Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.
Margin offence

Sin. See Scofield Note: "Rom 3:23".

For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
Margin sinners

Sin. See Scofield Note: "Rom 3:23".

Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:
That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
[1] sin

"Sin" in Rom 6., 7. is the nature in distinction from "sins," which are manifestations of that nature. Cf. 1Jn 1:8 with 1Jn 1:10 where this distinction also appears.

Margin grace

Grace (in salvation). Rom 5: 2,15-21 11:5,6 3:24 See Scofield Note: "Jn 1:17".

Scofield Reference Notes by Cyrus Ingerson Scofield [1917]

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