Numbers 32
Holman Christian Standard Bible  Par ▾ 

Transjordan Settlements

1The Reubenites and Gadites had a very large number of livestock. When they surveyed the lands of Jazera and Gilead, they saw that the region was a good one for livestock. 2So the Gadites and Reubenites came to Moses, Eleazar the priest, and the leaders of the community and said: 3The territory of Ataroth, Dibon, Jazer, Nimrah, Heshbon, Elealeh, Sebam,b Nebo, and Beon,c 4which the LORD struck downd before the community of Israel,e is good land for livestock, and your servants own livestock.” 5They said, “If we have found favor in your sight, let this land be given to your servants as a possession. Don’t make us cross the Jordan.”

6But Moses asked the Gadites and Reubenites, “Should your brothers go to war while you stay here? 7Why are you discouragingf the Israelites from crossing into the land the LORD has given them? 8That’s what your fathers did when I sent them from Kadesh-barnea to see the land.g 9After they went up as far as Eshcol Valley and saw the land, they discouraged the Israelites from entering the land the LORD had given them. 10So the LORD’s anger burned that day, and He swore an oath:h 11Because they did not follow Me completely,i none of the men 20 years old or more who came up from Egypt will see the land I swore to give Abraham, Isaac, and Jacobj — 12none except Calebk son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite and Joshual son of Nun, because they did follow the LORD completely.’ 13The LORD’s anger burned against Israel, and He made them wander in the wilderness 40 years until the whole generation that had done what was evil in the LORD’s sight was gone.m 14And here you, a brood of sinners, stand in your fathers’ place adding even more to the LORD’s burning anger against Israel. 15If you turn back from following Him,n He will once again leave this people in the wilderness, and you will destroy all of them.”

16Then they approached him and said, “We want to build sheepfolds here for our livestock and cities for our dependents. 17But we will arm ourselves and be ready to go ahead of the Israelites until we have brought them into their place.o Meanwhile, our dependents will remain in the fortified cities because of the inhabitants of the land. 18We will not return to our homes until each of the Israelites has taken possession of his inheritance.p 19Yet we will not have an inheritance with them across the Jordan and beyond, because our inheritance will be across the Jordan to the east.”q

20Moses replied to them, “If you do this — if you arm yourselves for battle before the LORD, 21and every one of your armed men crosses the Jordan before the LORD until He has driven His enemies from His presence, 22and the land is subdued before the LORD — afterward you may return and be free from obligation to the LORD and to Israel. And this land will belong to you as a possession before the LORD. 23But if you don’t do this, you will certainly sin against the LORD; be sure your sin will catch up with you. 24Build cities for your dependents and folds for your flocks, but do what you have promised.”r

25The Gadites and Reubenites answered Moses, “Your servants will do just as my lord commands. 26Our little children, wives, livestock, and all our animals will remain here in the cities of Gilead, 27but your servants are equipped for war before the LORD and will go across to the battle as my lord orders.”

28So Moses gave orders about them to Eleazar the priest, Joshua son of Nun, and the family leaders of the Israelite tribes. 29Moses told them, “If the Gadites and Reubenites cross the Jordan with you, every man in battle formation before the LORD, and the land is subdued before you, you are to give them the land of Gilead as a possession.s 30But if they don’t go across with you in battle formation, they must accept land in Canaan with you.”

31The Gadites and Reubenites replied, “What the LORD has spoken to your servants is what we will do. 32We will cross over in battle formation before the LORD into the land of Canaan, but we will keep our hereditary possession across the Jordan.”

33So Moses gave them — the Gadites, Reubenites, and half the tribe of Manasseh son of Joseph — the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites and the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, the land including its cities with the territories surrounding them.t 34The Gadites rebuilt Dibon, Ataroth, Aroer, 35Atroth-shophan, Jazer, Jogbehah, 36Beth-nimrah, and Beth-haranu as fortified cities, and built sheepfolds. 37The Reubenites rebuilt Heshbon, Elealeh, Kiriathaim, 38as well as Nebo and Baal-meon (whose names were changed), and Sibmah. They gave names to the cities they rebuilt.

39The descendants of Machirv son of Manasseh went to Gilead, captured it, and drove out the Amorites who were there. 40So Moses gave Gilead to the clan of Machir son of Manasseh, and they settled in it.w 41Jair, a descendant of Manasseh, went and captured their villages, which he renamed Jair’s Villages.x, y 42Nobah went and captured Kenath with its villages and called it Nobah after his own name.

a. 32:1 Nm 21:32; Jos 13:25; 21:39; 2Sm 24:5
b. 32:3 Sam, LXX read Sibmah (v. 38); Syr reads Sebah
c. 32:3 Nm 21:30; 33:47; Dt 32:49; 1Ch 5:8; Is 15:2; 46:1; Jr 48:1,22
d. 32:4 Nm 21:24
e. 32:4 Nm 21:24,34
f. 32:7 Lit discouraging the hearts of
g. 32:8 Nm 13:1-3,32-33; Dt 1:22-28
h. 32:10 Dt 1:34-36
i. 32:11-12 Nm 14:22-24,29-30
j. 32:11 Nm 14:29
k. 32:12 Nm 14:6,24,30,38; 26:65; Dt 1:36; Jos 14:6,8-9; 15:7
l. 32:12 Ex 33:11; Nm 27:18-23
m. 32:13 Nm 14:33-35; 26:64-65
n. 32:15 Jos 22:16-18; 2Ch 7:19-20
o. 32:17 Dt 3:18; Jos 1:13-15; 4:12-13
p. 32:18 Jos 22:4,9
q. 32:19 Jos 13:8
r. 32:24 Nm 30:2; Jos 1:12-18; 4:12
s. 32:29 Jos 22:9
t. 32:33 Dt 3:12-17; 29:8; Jos 12:6; 13:8; 22:4
u. 32:36 Jos 13:27
v. 32:39 Gn 50:23; Nm 26:29; Jos 17:1,3
w. 32:40 Jos 13:31
x. 32:41 Or renamed Havvoth-jair
y. 32:41 Dt 3:14; Jos 13:30; 1Kg 4:13; 1Ch 2:23
Numbers 31
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