1 Samuel 14
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Jonathan’s Heroic Exploits

1One day Jonathan told his armor bearer,a “Come, let’s go over to the Philistine garrison which is on the other side,” but he did not tell his father. 2Saul was sitting on the outskirts of Geba under the pomegranate tree which was at Migron, and with himb were about 600 men. 3Along with him were Ahitub’s son Ahijah, Ichabod’s brother, who was Phineas’ son and a grandson of Eli the priest of the LORD at Shiloh, who was carrying the ephod. The people did not know that Jonathan had gone.

4Now in the passc through which Jonathan planned to get across to the Philistine garrison, there was a sharp cragd on one side and a sharp crag on the other side. The name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other was Seneh. 5One crag rose on the north opposite Michmash, and the other on the south opposite Geba.

6Jonathan told his armor bearer,e “Come, let’s go over to the garrison of these uncircumcised ones. Perhaps the LORD will work for us, since nothing prevents the LORD from delivering, whether by many or by a few.”

7His armor bearer told him, “Do whatever you want.f Let’s move out!g I’m right here with you, as you wish.”h

8Jonathan said, “Look, we’re going over to the men, and we will show ourselves to them. 9If they say to us, ‘Stay there until we come to you,’ then we will stay where we arei and not go up to them. 10But if they say, ‘Come up and fight us,’ then we will go up, for the LORD has given them into our hands, and this will be the sign for us.”

11When the two of them showed themselves to the Philistine garrison, the Philistines said, “Look, the Hebrews are coming out of the holes where they have been hiding.”

12The men of the garrison responded to Jonathan and his armor bearer: “Come up and fight us, and we will show you something.”

Jonathan then told his armor bearer, “Follow me, for the LORD has given them into Israel’s control.”

13Jonathan crawled up on his hands and feet, with his armor bearer following him. The Philistinesj fell before Jonathan, and his armor bearer who was behind him also killed some. 14In the initial attack, Jonathan and his armor bearer struck down about twenty men in an area of about half an acrek of land. 15There was terror in the camp, in the field, and among all the people. Even the garrison and the raiders were terrified. The earth shook, and there was even greater terror.l

16Saul’s sentries in Gibeah of Benjamin watched as the campm was in disarray,n going this way and that.o 17Saul told the people who were with him, “Do a roll callp and see who has left us.” They did a roll call,q and Jonathan and his armor bearer were not there.

18Saul told Ahijah, “Bring the Ark of God here.” For at that time the Ark of God was withr the Israelis.

19While Saul was still speaking to the priest, the commotion in the Philistine camp increased more and more, and Saul told the priest, “Remove your hand.”s

20Then Saul and all the people who were with him assembled and went into battle. Now the swords of all the Philistines were against each other,t and there was very great confusion. 21The Hebrews who had previously been with the Philistines, who had gone up with them from the surrounding areas to the camp, even they joined Israel and those who were with Saul and Jonathan. 22All the Israelis who had been hiding in the hill country of Ephraim heard that the Philistines were fleeing, and even they pursued the Philistinesu in the battle. 23On that day the LORD delivered Israel, and the battle moved past Beth-aven.

Saul Issues a Rash Edict

24The men of Israel were hard pressed on that day, and Saul required the army to take an oath: “Cursed is the person who eats food before evening and before I’ve been avenged of my enemies.” So no one tasted food.

25Later on, all the soldiersv entered the woods, and there was honey on the ground. 26The people came into the woods and there was flowing honey, but no one put his hand to his mouth to eat it because the people were afraid due to the oath. 27But Jonathan had not heard that his father had required the army to swear an oath, so he stretched out the end of the staff that was in his hand and dipped it in the honeycomb. He brought it back to his mouth and his eyes brightened. 28Then one of the people responded: “Your father strictly ordered the army to take an oath. That’s why he said, ‘Cursed is the person who eats food today,’ and so the army is exhausted.”

29Jonathan said, “My father has troubled the land. See how my eyes have brightened because I tasted a little of this honey. 30How much better if the army had eaten freely today of their enemy’s spoil that they found, because the slaughter among the Philistines has not been great.”

31That day they struck down the Philistines from Michmash to Aijalon, and the army was very weary. 32The army grabbed the spoil, took sheep, oxen, and calves, and slaughtered them on the ground, and then the army ate them with the blood. 33Someonew reported this to Saul: “Right now the army is sinning against the LORD by eating meatx with the blood.” He said, “You have acted treacherously. Roll a large stone to me today.”

34Then Saul said, “Disperse yourselves among the soldiers and say to them, ‘Let each man bring his ox and his sheep to me, and you are to slaughter them here and eat. But don’t sin against the LORD by eating meaty with the blood.’” So every soldier brought his ox with him that night, and they slaughtered them there. 35Saul built an altar to the LORD; it was the first altar that he built to the LORD.

36Saul said, “Let’s go down after the Philistines tonight and plunder them until dawn, and let’s not leave a single onez of them alive.”

They said, “Do whatever seems good to you!”

But the priest said, “Let’s draw near to God here.”

37Saul inquired of God, “Shall I go down after the Philistines? Will you give them into the hand of Israel?” But Godaa did not answer him that day.

38Saul said, “All you army officers are to come here to find outbb what constitutescc this sin today. 39Indeed, as the LORD who delivers Israel lives, even if the sindd is with my son Jonathan, he will surely die!” Not a single one of the soldiers answered him. 40Then he told all Israel, “You will be on one side, and I and my son Jonathan will be on the other side.”

The people told Saul, “Do what seems good to you.”

41Then Saul told the LORD God of Israel, “Judge us properly.”ee Jonathan and Saul were selected, but the army was cleared.ff 42Saul said, “Cast lots between me and my son Jonathan,” and Jonathan was selected. 43Saul told Jonathan, “Tell me what you’ve done.”

So Jonathan spoke to him: “I did taste a little honey from the end of the staff that was in my hand. Here I am; I’m ready to die!”

44Saul said, “May God do this to megg and even more, if you don’t surely die, Jonathan!”

45Then the army told Saul, “Shall Jonathan die, who brought about this great deliverance in Israel? As the LORD lives, not one hair of his head will fall to the ground, because today he did this with God’s help.”hh

46Then Saul stopped pursuingii the Philistines, and the Philistines went back to their territory.

Saul’s Military Victories

47When Saul became king over Israel, he fought against all his enemies on every side—against Moab, the Ammonites, Edom, the kings of Zobah, and the Philistines. Everywhere he turned he was victorious.jj 48He acted valiantly, defeated Amalek, and delivered Israel from those who had been plundering them.

Saul’s Family

49Saul’s sons included Jonathan, Ishvi, and Malchi-shua. Of his two daughters, the firstborn was named Merab, and the younger one was named Michal. 50Saul’s wife was Ahinoam, daughter of Ahimaaz, while the commander of his army was Saul’s uncle Ner’s son Abner. 51Saul’s father Kish and Abner’s father Ner were sons of Abiel. 52There was intense fighting against the Philistines during Saul’s entire reign, and whenever Saul discovered a strong or valiant warrior, he would enlist him for service.kk

a 14:1 Lit. the young man who carries his weapons
b 14:2 Lit. the people with him
c 14:4 Lit. between the passes
d 14:4 Lit. tooth of a crag
e 14:6 Lit. the young man carrying his armor
f 14:7 Lit. is in your heart
g 14:7 Lit. Turn
h 14:7 Lit. according to your heart
i 14:9 Lit. in our place
j 14:13 Lit. They
k 14:14 An acre represents the amount of land a yoke of oxen could plow in a day.
l 14:15 Lit. it became a terror of God
m 14:16 Lit. the multitude
n 14:16 Lit. melted away
o 14:16 Lit. here
p 14:17 Lit. Number
q 14:17 Lit. numbered
r 14:18 So some mss and ancient versions; MT and the Israelis
s 14:19 i.e. from the ephod that the priest was wearing in order to determine God’s will as to what the army should do
t 14:20 Lit. the sword of each man was against his companion
u 14:22 Lit. them
v 14:25 Lit. land
w 14:33 Lit. They
x 14:33 The Heb. lacks meat
y 14:34 The Heb. lacks meat
z 14:36 Lit. a man
aa 14:37 Lit. he
bb 14:38 Lit. know and see
cc 14:38 Lit. in what is
dd 14:39 Lit. it
ee 14:41 Lit. Give perfect
ff 14:41 Lit. went out
gg 4:44 So LXX; i.e. may God strike me dead
hh 14:45 Lit. with God
ii 14:46 Lit. went up from after
jj 14:47 Cf. LXX
kk 14:52 Lit. gather him to himself

The Holy Bible: International Standard Version® Release 2.1
Copyright © 1996-2012 The ISV Foundation

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