2 Samuel 3
International Standard Version Par ▾ 

Abner Changes Loyalties

1After this, a state of protracted war existed between Saul’s dynasty and David’s dynasty, and the dynasty of David continued to grow and become strong while the dynasty of Saul continued to grow weaker. 2During this time, sons were born to David while he was living in Hebron. His firstborn was Amnon by Ahinoam from Jezreel, 3his second was Chileab by Abigail, widow of Nabal from Carmel, his third was Absalom by Maacah, daughter of King Talmai from Geshur, 4his fourth was Adonijah by Haggith, his fifth was Shephatiah by Abital, 5and his sixth was Ithream by David’s wife Eglah. They were alla born to David in Hebron.

6While war continued between the dynasties of Saul and David, Abner was growing in influence within the dynasty of Saul. 7Meanwhile, Saul had a mistressb named Rizpah, who was thec daughter of Aiah. Ish-boshethd asked Abner, “Why did you have sex with my father’s mistress?”

8What Ish-boshethe said made Abner furious, so he replied, “A dog’s head for Judah—is that what I am? Up until today I’ve kept on showing loyalty to your father Saul’s dynasty, to his relatives and friends, and I haven’t turned you over to David, but you’re charging me today with moral guilt regarding this woman! 9Therefore may God do to mef —and more also!—just as the LORD has promised to David, since I’m doing this for him: 10I will take away the kingdom from the dynasty of Saul by making the throne of David firm over Israel and Judah—from Dan to Beer-sheba!”

11Ish-boshethg couldn’t say another word in response to Abner, because he was terrified of him. 12So Abner sent messengers to David at Hebron to ask him, “Who owns this land? Cut a dealh with me, and look!—I’ll lend my hand in bringing all of Israel over to you!”

13David replied, “Sounds good to me! I’ll cut a deali with you under one condition: you’re not to show yourself in my presence unless you bring Saul’s daughter with you when you come to see me.” 14Then David sent a delegation to Saul’s son Ish-bosheth to say, “Give me my wife Michal, to whom I was engaged with a dowry of 100 Philistine foreskins.”j

15So Ish-bosheth ordered that she be taken away from her husband, Laish’s son Paltiel. 16Her husband accompanied her, crying as he followed after her all the way to Bahurim, where Abner told him, “Leave! Go back!” So he went back.

David’s Dynasty is Strengthened

17Later, Abner had a talk with the elders of Israel. He said, “In the past you were looking to see David made king over you. 18So do it, then! Because the LORD has said this about David:

‘Through my servant David I will save my people Israel

from the control of the Philistines

and from all of their enemies.’”

19Abner also addressed the tribe of Benjamin. Furthermore, with David’s permission,k Abner said anything that seemed like it would be good for Israel and for the entire tribe of Benjamin.

20Afterwards, Abner brought 20 soldiers to David at Hebron, and David threw a party for Abner and the men who were with him. 21So Abner told David, “Give me permission to go out and rally all of Israel to your majesty the king so they can enter into a formal agreement with you to reign over everything that your heart desires.” So David sent Abner off, and he went away in peace.

Joab Murders Abner

22Right about then, David’s servants returned from a raid, bringing plenty of war booty with them, but Abner wasn’t in Hebron with David, since Davidl had sent him away and Abnerm had left in peace. 23When Joab returned with his entire army, Joab was informed, “Ner’s son Abner visited the king, and he has dismissed him. He has left in peace.”

24So Joab approached the king and asked him, “What have you done? Look, Abner came to you! What’s this? You sent him away? He’s long gone now! 25You know Ner’s son Abner came to mislead you, to learn your troop movements,n and to learn everything you’re doing!”

26As soon as Joab left David, Joabo sent messengers after Abner, and they brought him back from the cistern at Sirah, but David was not aware of this. 27When Abner returned to Hebron, Joab brought him aside within the gateway to talk to him alone and then stabbed him in the abdomen.p So he died for sheddingq the blood of Joab’sr brother Asahel.

28Later on, David found out about it and proclaimed, “Let me and my kingdom remain guiltless forever in the LORD’s presence for the deaths of Ner’s son Abner. 29May judgmentt rest on Joab’s head and on his father’s entire household. May Joab’s dynasty never be without one who has a discharge,u who is a leper, who walks with a cane,v who commits suicide,w or who lacks food!” 30He said thisx because Joab and his brother Abishai murdered Abner after he had killed their brother Asahel in the battle at Gibeon.

31David ordered Joab and all the people who were with him, “Tear your clothes, put on sackcloth, and mourn for Abner.” King David walked behind the funeral procession, 32and they buried Abner at Hebron. The king wept loudly at Abner’s grave, and all the people wept, too. 33The king composed this mourning song for Abner:

“Should Abner’s death be like a fool’s?

34Your hands were not bound,

nor were your feet in irons.

As one falls before the wicked,

you have fallen.”

Then all the people cried again because of him. 35Everyone tried to persuade David to have a meal while there was still daylight, but David took an oath by saying, “May God to do like this to me and more, if I taste bread or anything else before the sun sets!”

36Everybody took note of this and was very pleased, just as everything else the king did pleased everyone. 37As a result, the entire army and all of Israel understood that day that the king had nothing to do with the murder of Ner’s son Abner.

38The king reminded his staff,y “Don’t you know that a prince and a great man has fallen today in Israel? 39Today, even though I’m anointed as king, I’m weak. These men, sons of Zeruiah, are too difficultz for me. May the LORD repay the one who acts wickedly in accordance with his wickedness!”

a 3:5 The Heb. lacks all
b 3:7 Or concubine; i.e. a secondary wife; and so throughout the chapter
c 3:7 The Heb. lacks who was the
d 3:7 Lit. And he; cf. vs. 8
e 3:8 Cf. 1Chr 8:33, where he is named Esh-baal; i.e., a man devoted to Baal
f 3:9 Lit. to Abner
g 3:11 Lit. he
h 3:12 Lit. covenant
i 3:13 Lit. covenant
j 3:14 Cf. 1Sam 18:25ff
k 3:19 Lit. in the hearing of David; i.e., with David’s tacit knowledge
l 3:22 Lit. he
m 3:22 Lit. he
n 3:25 Lit. to know your comings and goings
o 3:26 Lit. he
p 3:27 Lit. him there the fifth; i.e., below the fifth rib
q 3:27 The Heb. lacks shedding
r 3:27 Lit. his
s 3:28 Lit. blood
t 3:29 Lit. guilt
u 3:29 i.e. one who is ceremonially unfit to serve God; cf. Lev 13:46
v 3:29 Lit. who needs a staff
w 3:29 Lit. who falls on a sword
x 3:30 The Heb. lacks He did this
y 3:38 Lit. servants
z 3:39 Or violent

The Holy Bible: International Standard Version® Release 2.1
Copyright © 1996-2012 The ISV Foundation

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