Genesis 10
International Standard Version Par ▾ 

Descendants and Nations from Noah

1These are the recordsa of Noah’s sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth, to whom descendantsb were born after the flood.

2Japheth’s descendants includedc Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.

3Gomer’s descendants included Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.

4Javan’s descendants included Elisha, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim,d 5from whom the coastal peoples spread into their own lands and nations, each with their own language and family groups.

Ham’s Descendants

6Ham’s descendants included Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan.

7Cush’s descendants included Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca.

Raamah’s descendants included Sheba and Dedan.

8Cush fathered Nimrod, who became the first fearlesse leader throughout the land. 9He became a fearlessf hunter in defiance ofg the LORD. That is why it is said, “Like Nimrod, a fearless hunter in defiance ofh the LORD.” 10His kingdom began in the regioni of Shinarj with the cities ofk Babylon, Erech,l Akkad, and Calneh. 11From therem he went northn to Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-ir, and Calah, 12along with Resen, which was located between Nineveh and the great city of Calah.

13Egypt fathered the Ludites, the Anamites, the Lehabites, the Naphtuhites, 14the Pathrusites, the Casluhites (from which came the Philistines), and the Caphtorites.

15Canaan fathered Sidon his firstborn, along with the Hittites, 16the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, 17the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, 18the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites.

Later, the Canaanite families were widely scattered. 19The Canaanite border extended southo from Sidon toward Gerar as far as Gaza, and eastp toward Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha.

20These are Ham’s descendants, listed by their families, each with their own lands, language, and family groups.

Shem’s Descendants

21Shem, Japheth’s older brother, also had descendants.q Shem was the father of the descendants of Eber. 22Shem’s sons included Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.

23Aram’s descendants included Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash.

24Arpachshad fathered Cainan, Cainan fathered Shelah, and Shelah fathered Eber.r 25To Eber were born two sons. One was named Peleg,s because the earth was divided during his lifetime. His brother was named Joktan.

26Joktan fathered Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were Joktan’s descendants. 30Their settlements extended from Mesha towards Sephar, the eastern hill country.

31These are Shem’s descendants, listed by their families, each with their own lands, language, and family groups.

32These are the families of Noah’s sons, according to their records, by their nations. From these people, the nations on the earth spread out after the flood.

a 10:1 Or generations
b 10:1 Lit. sons, and so throughout the chapter
c 10:2 The Heb. lacks included; and so throughout the chapter
d 10:4 So MT; LXX and a Heb. mss. read Rodanim; Cf. 1Chr 1:7
e 10:8 Or valiant
f 10:9 Or valiant
g 10:9 Lit. hunter before
h 10:9 Lit. hunter before
i 10:10 Lit. land
j 0:10 i.e. southern Mesopotamia or Babylonia
k 10:10 The Heb. lacks the cities of
l 10:10 Or Uruk
m 10:11 Lit. from that land
n 10:11 The Heb. lacks north
o 10:19 The Heb. lacks south
p 10:19 The Heb. lacks east
q 10:21 Lit. sons
r 10:24 So with LXX (cf. Gen. 11:12-13 & Luke 3:35-36); the Heb. lacks Cainan, Cainan fathered.
s 10:25 The Heb. name Peleg sounds like the Heb. verb divided

The Holy Bible: International Standard Version® Release 2.1
Copyright © 1996-2012 The ISV Foundation

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