Genesis 41
International Standard Version Par ▾ 

Pharaoh’s Dream

1Two years later—to the day—Pharaoh dreamed that he was standing by the Nile River,a 2when all of a sudden seven healthy, plump cows emerged from the Nile to graze in the grass that grew in the reeds that lined the bank.b 3Right after that, seven more cows came up out of the Nile. Ugly and gaunt, they stood next to the other cows on the bank of the Nile River. 4But all of a sudden they ate up the seven healthy, plump cows! Then Pharaoh woke up.

5After he had fallen back to sleep, he had a second dream, in which seven ears of plump, fruit-filled grain grew up on a single stalk. 6Suddenly seven thin ears of grain that had been scorched by an east wind sprouted up right after them 7and ate up the seven plump, fruit-filled ears. Then Pharaoh woke up a second time,c and it had been a very vividd dream!

Pharaoh Seeks an Interpretation

8The very next morning, hee was frustratedf about the dream, so he sent word to summon all the magicians and wise men of Egypt. Pharaoh told them what he had dreamed, but no one could interpret them.g

9Then Pharaoh’s senior security advisorh spoke up. “Maybe I should make a confession. 10When Pharaoh was angry with some of his servants, he incarcerated me in custody of the captain of the bodyguard, along with Pharaoh’s head chef.i 11We each had a dream on the same night, and each dream had its own meaning. 12There was a Hebrew young man incarcerated with us, who was also working as a servant to the captain of the bodyguard.

“We each related our dreams,j and then he interpreted them for us. He provided specific meanings for each of our dreams. 13And what he interpreted for each of us came true! Pharaohk restored me to my responsibilities, but he executedl the other man.”

Pharaoh Tells Joseph His Dream

14Pharoah sent word to summon Joseph quickly from the dungeon, so they shaved his beard, changed his clothes, and then sent him straight to Pharaoh. 15“I’ve had a dream,” Pharaoh told Joseph, “but nobody can interpret it. I’ve heard that you can interpret dreams.”

16“I can’t do that,” Joseph replied, “but God is concerned about Pharaoh’s well-being.”

17So Pharaoh told Joseph, “In my dream, I was standing on the bank of the Nile River, 18and all of a sudden seven healthy, plump, beautiful cows emerged from the Nile and began to graze among the reeds that line the bank.m 19Just then, seven other cows emerged after them, poor, ugly, and appearing very gaunt in their flesh. I’ve never seen anything as ugly as those cows anywhere in the entire land of Egypt! 20But those thin, gaunt cows gobbled up the first seven healthy cows! 21Not only that,” Pharaoh continued,n “after they had finished devouring the cows, nobody could tell that they had gobbled them up, because they were just as ugly as before. Then I woke up. 22Later, I also dreamed about seven plump, fruit-filled ears of graino that grew up out of a single stalk. 23All of a sudden, seven thin, withered ears of grain,p scorched by the east wind, sprouted up after them. 24But the thin ears gobbled up the seven good ears. I told all this to my advisors, but nobody was able to explain it to me.”

Joseph Interprets Pharaoh’s Dream

25“Pharaoh’s dreams are identical,” Joseph replied. “God has told Pharaoh what he is getting ready to do. 26The seven healthy cows represent seven years, as do the seven healthy ears. The dreams are identical. 27The seven gaunt cows that arose after the healthy cowsq are seven years, as are the seven gaunt ears scorched by the east wind. There will be seven years of famine. 28So the message that I have for Pharaoh is that God is telling Pharaoh what he is getting ready to do. 29Be advised that seven years of phenomenal abundance are coming throughout all the land of Egypt, 30but after them seven years of famine are ahead, during which all of the abundance will be forgotten throughout the land of Egypt. The famine will ravage the land so severely thatr 31there will be no surplus in the land due to the coming famine, because it will be very severe.

32“Now since Pharaoh had that dream twice, it means that this event has been scheduled by God, and God will bring it to pass very soon. 33Therefore let Pharaoh select a wise, discerning person to place in charge over the land of Egypt. 34Also, let Pharaoh immediately proceed to appoint supervisors over the land of Egypt, who will collect one fifth of its agricultural productions during the coming seven years of abundance. 35Let them collect all the food during the coming fruitful years, store up the grain in cities governed by Pharaoh’s authority,t and place it under guard. 36Let the food be kept in reserve to feedu the land for the seven years of famine that will occur throughout Egypt, so the people don’tv die during the famine.”

Pharaoh Appoints Joseph as Regent

37What Joseph proposed pleased Pharaoh and all of his advisors, 38so Pharaoh asked his servants, “Can we find anyone else like this—someone in whom the Spirit of God lives? 39Since God has revealed all of this to you,” Pharaoh told Joseph, “there is no one so wise and discerning as you. 40So you are to be appointed in charge over my palace, and all of my people are to do whatever you command them to do. Only the throne will have greater authority than you.”

41“Look!” Pharaoh confirmedw to Joseph, “I’ve put you in charge of the entire land of Egypt!”

42Then Pharaohx removed his signet ring from his hand, placed it on Joseph’s hand, had him clothed in fine linen garments, and placed a gold chain around his neck. 43Then he provided him with a chariot as his second-in-command, outfitted with a group of people who shouted out in front of him, “Bow your knees!” And that’s how Pharaoh set Joseph over the entire land of Egypt.

Pharaoh Rewards Joseph

44Pharaoh also told Joseph, “I’m still Pharaoh, but without your permission nobody in all of the land of Egypt will so much as lift up their hands or take a step!” 45Pharaoh also changed Joseph’s name to Zaphenath-paneahy and gave Asenath, daughter of Potiphera, the priest of On, to him as his wife. And that’s how Joseph gained authority over the land of Egypt.

Joseph Begins Gathering Grain

46Joseph was 30 years old when he began to serve Pharaoh, king of Egypt, by traveling throughout the land of Egypt, independent from Pharaoh’s oversight.z 47While bumper crops grew during the seven abundant years, 48Josephaa collected the surplus food throughout the land of Egypt, storing food in cities; that is, he gathered the food from fields that surrounded every city and stored it there. 49Joseph stored up so much grain—like sand on the seashore in so much abundance!—that he stopped keeping records because it was proving to be impossible to measure how much they were gathering.

Joseph’s Children are Born

50Before the years of famine arrived, Joseph fathered two sons with Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera, the priest of On. 51Joseph named his firstborn sonbb Manasseh because, he said, “God has made me forget all of my hard life and my father’s house.” 52He named his second son Ephraim because, he said, “God has made me fruitful in the land of my troubles.”

The Famine Begins

53As soon as the seven years of abundance throughout the land of Egypt ended, 54the seven years of famine started, just as Joseph had It was an international famine, but there was food everywhere throughout the land of Egypt. 55Eventually, the land of Egypt began to feel the effects of the famine, so the peopledd cried out to Pharaoh for food. “Go see Joseph,” Pharaoh announced to all the Egyptians, “and do whatever he tells you to do.”

56Joseph opened all of the storehouses and sold grain to the Egyptians, because the famine was beginning to be severe throughout the land of Egypt. 57In addition, all of the surrounding nationsee came to Joseph to buy grain from Egypt, because the famine had become severe throughout the world.

a 41:1 The Heb. lacks River, and so throughout the chapter
b 41:2 The Heb. lacks that lined the bank
c 41:7 The Heb. lacks a second time
d 41:7 Lit. and behold, it was a
e 41:8 Lit. morning, his spirit
f 41:8 Or troubled
g 41:8 Lit. interpret the dreams for Pharaoh
h 41:9 Lit. Pharaoh’s cupbearer; a servant who tested the Pharaoh’s food and beverages for poison; cf. Neh 1:11
i 41:10 Lit. baker
j 41:12 The Heb. lacks our dreams
k 41:13 Lit. He
l 41:13 Lit. hanged
m 41:18 The Heb. lacks that lined the bank
n 41:21 The Heb. lacks Pharaoh continued
o 41:22 The Heb. lacks of grain
p 41:23 The Heb. lacks of grain
q 41:27 Lit. after them
r 41:30 The Heb. lacks so severely that
s 41:34 Lit. of the land
t 41:35 Lit. cities in Pharaoh’s hand
u 41:36 Lit. reserve for
v 41:36 Lit. land doesn’t
w 41:41 Lit. said
x 41:42 Lit. he
y 41:45 The Heb. name means the God who speaks and lives
z 41:46 Lit. presence
aa 41:48 Lit. he
bb 41:51 The Heb. lacks son
cc 41:54 Lit. said
dd 41:55 Lit. so they
ee 41:57 Lit. the world

The Holy Bible: International Standard Version® Release 2.1
Copyright © 1996-2012 The ISV Foundation

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Genesis 40
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