Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel:…
I. That man's approach to God is COMMANDED (ver. 1). This is both reasonable and necessary. Servant to master; scholar to teacher; child to parent; sinner to Saviour.
II. That man's approach to God MUST BE THROUGH A MEDIATOR; "worship thou afar off, and Moses alone shall come near unto the Lord." So Jesus has entered into the holy place for us. He is the "one mediator," etc., "the new and living way" (John 14:6). We must remember that this was in answer to their own prayer (John 20:19).
III. That man's approach to God must be REVERENT. "Worship ye afar off."
IV. That man's approach to God is REWARDED BY A MANIFESTATION OF THE DIVINE GLORY (ver. 10). Not a literal or physical vision of "the king" — invisible (Deuteronomy 4:2; 1 Timothy 6:16); but spiritual (Isaiah 6.; Acts 9:3, 4, and refs.; 1 Corinthians 12:2).
V. That man's approach to God is NOT TO BE DREADED, BUT WELCOMED AND ENJOYED. "They find His presence no more a source of disturbance and dread, but radiant in all the bright loveliness of supernal glory: a beautiful sign that the higher religion and state of conformity to law, now established, shall work onward to eternal blessedness."
(J. W. Burn.)
Parallel VersesKJV: Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel: