1 Corinthians 15:1-12
Moreover, brothers, I declare to you the gospel which I preached to you, which also you have received, and wherein you stand;…
I. EXEGETICAL. There is the clear testimony of St. Paul, and the great distinction made by the New Testament between the description of visions and the narratives of our Lord's appearance.
II. PSYCHOLOGICAL. All likelihood is wanting for the supposition that so many and such very differently constituted persons should, even by hundreds at a time, have been simultaneously predisposed to see visions. There is the sudden and thorough change in the disciples' frame of mind, especially, too, the conversion of St. Paul; and finally the cessation of Christ's appearance.
III. DOGMATICAL. Whence should the idea of an isolated individual resurrection, hitherto foreign to their belief, arise in the minds of the disciples?
IV. CHRONOLOGICAL. Unanimous historical evidence points to "the third day," and this leaves no space for the gradual development of visions, or for the translocation of the first appearances in Galilee.
V. TOPOGRAPHICAL. There, in a well-known spot, stands the empty tomb, with its loud question, Where is the body? which neither Jew nor Roman attempts to answer, though investigation would have been easy.
VI. HISTORICAL. There is the immove-able belief of the disciples; their preaching, so full of victorious joy and martyr courage, there is the Christian Church founded on the rock of belief in Christ's death and resurrection. VII. MORAL There is the regeneration which followed the teaching of the apostles.
Parallel VersesKJV: Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand;