Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which you shall proclaim to be holy convocations…
There were seven feasts which God commanded His people to observe every year. All these feasts are mentioned in this chapter, and should be studied together so that their relation may be seen. The first, the Sabbath, commemorated God's rest from the work of creation, and typified the rest of God's people in the eternal Sabbath-keeping. The second, the Passover, commemorated Israel's redemption through the blood of the paschal lamb, prior to their exodus from bondage, and typified our redemption through Christ's blood, previous to our exodus from the bondage of sin to the liberty wherewith Christ makes us free (Galatians 5:1). The third, the Feast of Unleavened Bread, typified the holiness of life for which they were redeemed through blood (1 Corinthians 5:7, 8). The fourth, the Firstfruits, was a grateful assurance of the coming harvest, and typical of the resurrection unto life of all believers, because Christ as their firstfruits has risen from the dead (1 Corinthians 15:20, 23). The fifth, the Pentecost, has become universally known by being the day on which the Holy Spirit was given to the twelve in the upper room in Jerusalem (Acts 2:1-4), and as in the Feast of Firstfruits (type of Christ's resurrection), the sheaf of the firstfruits of the barley harvest was waved before the Lord, so on the Day of Pentecost, the sheaf of the firstfruits of the wheat harvest, typical of the gift of the Holy Spirit and prophetic of the harvest of souls gathered to Christ through the power of the Holy Spirit. The fifth, Feast of Trumpets, typical of Israel's ingathering for their millennial privileges, and of the call to all the world to come to the gospel feast. The sixth, the Day of Atonement, typical of Christ's atonement. The seventh, the Feast of Tabernacles.
(D. C. Hughes, M. A.)
Parallel VersesKJV: Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.