And this is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which he shall offer to the LORD.…
1. The animal offered might be a male or a female — differing in this from the burnt-offering.
2. It was not to be wholly consumed as the burnt offerings.
3. If for a thanksgiving offering, unleavened cakes, mingled with oil, as well as leavened, might be offered.
4. If for a vow or a voluntary offering, the parts to be eaten must be eaten on the same or the following day.
5. No ceremonially-unclean person could eat of the peace-offering.
1. The peace-offering, as the name implies, presents to us our Lord Jesus as our peace (Ephesians 2:14).
2. This is the key to this symbolic offering, by which may be unlocked, with certainty, some, at least, of its rich treasures.
(1) The parts consumed — representing the most excellent parts, the inward parts, the hidden energies — were offered on the altar unto God the Father — in which He was "well pleased."(2) The other parts eaten by the priests representing the true believer feeding on Christ as his Peace, having laid his hand of faith on Him; the sprinkled blood being the ground of peace.
(3) The wave-breast representing the love of Christ, and the heave-shoulder His all-power, give the two leading elements in Christ on which the believer feeds with joyous delight.
(4) The unleavened cakes, representing the new nature of the believer, being mingled with oil, the oil representing the Holy Spirit, show the necessity for even the regenerated to be assisted by the power of the Spirit for profitable communion with God in Christ, and to enter into the fulness of the love and power of Christ.
(5) Leavened bread, signifying evil, was to be offered as well as unleavened, to signify that our sinful nature should be recognised in our "sacrifice of thanksgiving" — not for condemnation, but for joy that it is judged. The sin in us should not hinder our communion with God in Christ, if we have no sin upon us.
(6) The ceremonially-unclean could not eat of the wave-breast or heave-shoulder, to signify that sin unconfessed, and therefore unpardoned, is an insurmountable hindrance to fellowship with God in Christ.
(D. C. Hughes, M. A.)
Parallel VersesKJV: And this is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which he shall offer unto the LORD.