For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government shall be on his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful…
The surrounding nations, Egypt and Assyria, gave great names to their gods. Look upon the inscriptions on the pillars in the time of Sargon. One Assyrian king was called "The great king, the king unrivalled; the protector of the just; the noble warrior." If Isaiah wrote in a time of great names he, by this conception of an appellation, threw all other cognomens into contempt. "The mighty God." The word is not Elohim, a word under which a species of subdivinity could be classified: "Said I not unto you, Ye are gods?" That word is El, a word which is never applied but to Jehovah, and which is never used but as connoting the innermost essence of ineffable Deity.
(J. Parker, D. D.)
Parallel VersesKJV: For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counseller, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.