1 Thessalonians 5:18
In every thing give thanks: for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you.
I. TO WHOM MUST WE GIVE THANKS? Only to God: because (Psalm 100:4) —
1. It is only by Him we are preserved from evil (Psalm 121:7).
2. It is only from Him that we have anything that is good (James 1:17).
3. He only is good in Himself (Psalm 107:1; Psalm 136:1; Luke 18:19).
II. HOW SHOULD WE GIVE THANKS TO HIM?
1. By a humble confession of our own unworthiness (Genesis 32:10; Ephesians 3:8), through sin (Psalm 51:5; 1 Corinthians 15:9), and our abuse of God's mercies (Jude 1:4).
2. By a humble acknowledgment of Him in all we have (Proverbs 3:6). His power (Psalm 135:1, 6); goodness (Psalm 145:1, 2, 9); mercy (Psalm 136:1-3).
3. By admiring Him in all we have, and praising (1 Chronicles 29:12, 13).
4. By improving all for His glory (Proverbs 3:9).
5. By walking before Him in all well pleasing (2 Timothy 1:3).
III. WHAT MUST WE THANK HIM FOR? For all things (Ephesians 5:20).
1. Our mercies.
(a) His sending Christ to die for us. (Luke 2:14).
(b) His quickening Spirit (2 Corinthians 9:15).
(c) His gospel (Matthew 11:25)
(d) His restraining grace (1 Corinthians 15:57; Romans 7:25).
(e) His renewing and sanctifying grace.
(f) His comforts (Psalm 147:1-3).
(g) His ordinances.
(a) Creation (Psalm 95:6; Psalm 100:1-3).
(b) Preservation (Acts 17:28)
(c) Provision (Psalm 147:7-9 1 Timothy 6:17).
(d) Health and strength (Psalm 18:32).
(e) Gifts and parts (1 Corinthians 14:18).
(f) Life and liberty.
2. Our afflictions (Job 1:21).
(1) Because they are not so great as we have deserved (Ezekiel 9:13).
(a) Not spiritual (Psalm 147:20).
(b) Not eternal (Lamentations 3:39).
(2) Because they are still mixed with mercies.
(3) Because they are really spiritual mercies (Romans 8:28; Hebrews 12:10).
(a) For the deadening of our sins (Job 36:8-10).
(b) For the quickening of our graces (Psalm 119:67).Uses —
(1) To such as never think of that God who gives them all things to enjoy (Psalm 10:4).
(2) Who think upon Him, but are not thankful to Him.
(3) Who thank Him with their mouths, but not their hearts (Colossians 3:16).
(4) Who thank Him for some things but not for all (Ephesians 5:20).
2. Exhortation. Be thankful. Consider —
(1) This is all the requital God expects, or you can give (Psalm 50:10, 14; Psalm 69:30, 31).
(2) You cannot expect a blessing on your mercies except you are thankful.
(3) The more thankful you are for mercies received, the more ground you have to expect more.
Parallel VersesKJV: In every thing give thanks: for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you.