In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:
I. REDEMPTION. Deliverance —
1. From the guilt of sin, original or actual, of omission or commission.
2. From the power and prevalence of sin (Romans 6:14; Hebrews 9:13-14; Acts 3:26; 1 Peter 1:18; Matthew 1:21; Titus 2:14).
3. From the tyranny of Satan (Colossians 1:13; 1 John 3:8; Luke 22:31-32).
4. From the curse of the law (Galatians 3:13; Galatians 4:5).
5. From the wrath of God.
(1) In this world (Romans 5:1; Luke 2:14).
(2) In the next (1 Thessalonians 1:10; Acts 4:12).
II. ITS MEANS: "His blood."
1. It was necessary that our Redeemer should be man as well as God (1 Timothy 2:5; Hebrews 2:14-17), that He might mediate between both parties (Job 9:33).
2. That He should suffer (Hebrews 8:5; Luke 24:26) a bloody death (Hebrews 9:22).
(1) To expiate our sins (1 John 2:2; Isaiah 53:5-6).
(2) To conquer Satan (Hebrews 2:14).
(3) To reconcile God to us and us to God (Romans 5:10-11; Ephesians 2:16).
III. ITS BENEFIT. "Forgiveness of sins."
1. The names in Scripture given to it.
(1) Remission (Acts 2:38),
(2) dismission, releasing (Isaiah 61:1).
2. Mercifulness to our sins (Hebrews 8:12; Luke 18:13).
(1) Passing over sin (Romans 3:25).
(2) Purging from sin (Psalm 51:7).
(3) Not remembering our sins (Jeremiah 31:34; Hebrews 8:12).
(4) Covering sin (Psalm 32:1; Psalm 85:2; Psalm 51:9).
(5) Taking away and removing sin (Psalm 103:10-12; Exodus 34:7; Leviticus 16:20-22).
(6) Casting behind God's back (Isaiah 38:17; Psalm 90:8).
(7) Blotting out sin (Isaiah 43:25; Isaiah 44:22).
(8) Not imputing sin (Psalm 32:1-2; Romans 4:7-8).
(9) Casting it in the depth of the sea (Micah 7:18-19).
2. The nature of it: an act of God's grace, whereby He absolves us from the obligation to those punishments, which by His law are due to us for those sins.
(1) In general it is an act of God's grace.
(a) Of God. It is ascribed to Him alone (Exodus 34:7; Mark 2:7). We are to ask it of Him only (Matthew 6:12). He alone justifies (Romans 8:33). Our sins are only against Him (Psalm 51:4).
(b) Of His grace — not wisdom, power, justice (Isaiah 43:25) — in Christ (Ephesians 1:7).
(2) The specific difference.
(a) We are obliged to bear the punishments due by God's law to sin (Galatians 3:10).
(b) God takes off that obligation (2 Samuel 12:13; Mark 3:28-29).
IV. THIS BENEFIT IS ONLY BY CHRIST'S DEATH.
1. All mankind is guilty before God, and so obnoxious to His wrath and everlasting punishment (Romans 3:19; Galatians 3:22).
2. The eternal Son was pleased to take man's nature upon Him so as to become both God and man in one person (Isaiah 7:14; Romans 9:5; Philippians 2:6-7).
3. Christ in this nature was pleased to suffer disgrace, the curses of the law (Galatians 3:13). The wrath of God (Matthew 27:46). An ignominious, accursed, painful, and bloody death; and all for sin, the only cause of death (Hebrews 10:12).
4. Christ suffered all this, not for Himself (1 Peter 2:22; 1 Peter 3:18; Hebrews 7:26), but for us who partake of that nature in which He suffered (Isaiah 53:5-6; Romans 4:25; Galatians 1:4; 1 Corinthians 15:3).
5. These sufferings were of greater worth than if all men had suffered eternal death (Acts 20:28).
6. Hence God was pleased to accept of them as a sufficient price of our redemption, and satisfaction to His justice for our sins (Matthew 20:28; 1 Timothy 2:6; Ephesians 1:6).
7. God's justice being thus satisfied, He is reconciled unto us, and takes off our obligations to punishment, by reason of what His Son underwent for us; and therefore for His sake is said to pardon our sins (Romans 5:10; Colossians 1:20; 2 Corinthians 5:21).
1. Hence you may learn what ground we have to trust in Christ for pardon (Romans 8:34).
2. Hence be advised to make it your business to get your sins forgiven: considering —
(1) How miserable you are without it: God is angry (Psalm 7:11); hell is threatened.
(2) How happy with it (Psalm 32:1-2). Your persons accepted and justified (Psalm 32:1-2; Romans 4:6-7); God reconciled and become your friend (Romans 5:1; Romans 5:9-10:3. All things working for your good, and glory for your reward.
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