Ezekiel 43:16
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The altar hearth is square, twelve cubits long and twelve cubits wide.

New Living Translation
The top of the altar is square, measuring 21 feet by 21 feet.

English Standard Version
The altar hearth shall be square, twelve cubits long by twelve broad.

New American Standard Bible
"Now the altar hearth shall be twelve cubits long by twelve wide, square in its four sides.

King James Bible
And the altar shall be twelve cubits long, twelve broad, square in the four squares thereof.

Christian Standard Bible
The hearth is square, 21 feet long by 21 feet wide.

Good News Translation
The top of the altar was a square, 20 feet on each side.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The hearth is square, 21 feet long by 21 feet wide.

International Standard Version
The hearth is to be twelve cubits long and twelve cubits wide; that is, it will be a four-sided square.

NET Bible
Now the altar hearth is a perfect square, 21 feet long and 21 feet wide.

New Heart English Bible
The altar hearth shall be twelve cubits long by twelve broad, square in the four sides of it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
It was square, 21 feet wide and 21 feet long.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the hearth shall be twelve cubits long by twelve broad, square in the four sides thereof.

New American Standard 1977
“Now the altar hearth shall be twelve cubits long by twelve wide, square in its four sides.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the altar was twelve cubits long, twelve broad, square on its four sides.

King James 2000 Bible
And the altar shall be twelve cubits long, twelve wide, square in the four corners.

American King James Version
And the altar shall be twelve cubits long, twelve broad, square in the four squares thereof.

American Standard Version
And the altar hearth shall be twelve cubits long by twelve broad, square in the four sides thereof.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Ariel was twelve cubits long, and twelve cubits broad, foursquare, with equal sides.

Darby Bible Translation
And the hearth of God was twelve [cubits] long, by twelve broad, square in the four sides thereof.

English Revised Version
And the altar hearth shall be twelve cubits long by twelve broad, square in the four sides thereof.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the altar shall be twelve cubits long, twelve broad, square in the four squares of it.

World English Bible
The altar hearth shall be twelve [cubits] long by twelve broad, square in the four sides of it.

Young's Literal Translation
And the altar is twelve long by twelve broad, square in its four squares.
Study Bible
The Altar of Sacrifice
15"The altar hearth shall be four cubits; and from the altar hearth shall extend upwards four horns. 16"Now the altar hearth shall be twelve cubits long by twelve wide, square in its four sides. 17"The ledge shall be fourteen cubits long by fourteen wide in its four sides, the border around it shall be half a cubit and its base shall be a cubit round about; and its steps shall face the east."…
Cross References
Exodus 27:1
"And you shall make the altar of acacia wood, five cubits long and five cubits wide; the altar shall be square, and its height shall be three cubits.

1 Kings 8:51
(for they are Your people and Your inheritance which You have brought forth from Egypt, from the midst of the iron furnace),
Treasury of Scripture

And the altar shall be twelve cubits long, twelve broad, square in the four squares thereof.

twelve cubits

Exodus 27:1 And you shall make an altar of shittim wood, five cubits long, and …

2 Chronicles 4:1 Moreover he made an altar of brass, twenty cubits the length thereof, …

Ezra 3:3 And they set the altar on his bases; for fear was on them because …

square

Exodus 38:1,2 And he made the altar of burnt offering of shittim wood: five cubits …

Verses 16, 17. - The measurements that now begin concern the breadth of the altar, and proceed from above downwards. First the altar, or, hearth of God (Hebrew, ariel) was twelve cubits long and twelve broad, i.e. was square in the four squares (or, sides) thereof, or a perfect square (comp. Exodus 27:1; Revelation 21:16). Next the settle, or, enclosure (Hebrew, הָעֲזָרָה) of ver. 14, was fourteen cubits long, and fourteen broad in the four squares (or, sides) thereof; the fourteen being made up of the twelve cubits of the altar-hearth's side with one cubit of ledge from the settle all round. The only question is to which "settle," the upper or the under, reference is made. Some expositors, identifying the greater Azarah with the Harel, i.e. the "upper settle," with "the mount of God" or the base of the hearth, make the altar height only seven cubits from the ground to the hearth. The general belief, however, is that they cannot be so identified. Among interpreters who distinguish them, Kliefoth, with whom Smend agrees, holds the "settle" in this verse to be the harel, or "mount of God," which extended (Smend says with a hek. or "gutter") one cubit on each side beyond the ariel, or "hearth of God," so that the "mount of God," on which the" hearth of God" rested, was fourteen cubits square. Then, assuming a similar extension of one cubit at each stage - in the greater azarah, the lesser azarah, and the hek, or ground bottom - he finds the surface of the greater azarah to be sixteen, of the lesser azarah eighteen, and of the ground bottom twenty cubits square. Keil, with whom Schroder and Currey agree, objects to this as involving too much of arbitrary assumption, and takes the" settle" of this verse to mean the lower azarah; so that no additional measurements are required beyond those given in the text. If the square surface of the greater azarah be considered as having been the same as that of the harel, so that their sides were continuous, then, as the "ground bottom" extended one cubit on each side beyond the lower azarsh, the altar at its base was a square of sixteen cubits. Comparing now these measurements with those of the altar of burnt offering in the tabernacle and the temple, one finds that the former was only five cubits square and three cubits high (Exodus 27:1), while the latter was twenty cubits broad, but only ten cubits high (2 Chronicles 4:1), which awakes the suspicion that the different views above noted have been insensibly influenced by a desire on the part of their authors to make them harmonize with the measurements of the temple. But there does not appear sufficient reason why the measurements of Ezekiel's altar should have agreed with those of Solomon's rather than with those of Moses', The border (or, parapet) of half a cubit which ran round the ledge, or bottom, of a cubit, at the foot of the lower azarah was clearly designed, not for the protection of the priest officiating, but for ornament. The stairs (or, steps), mention of which closes the description, mark a departure, not from the pattern of the Solomonic temple, in which the altar must have had steps (see Keil's 'Biblische Archaologie,' p. 141), but from the pattern of the tabernacle, in which altar-steps were disallowed (Exodus 20:26) and did not exist (Exodus 38:1-7). But if, as Jewish tradition asserts, the pest-exilic altar had no steps as Ezekiel's had, having been reached by an inclined plane, because in the so-called book of the covenant steps were forbidden, how does this harmonize with the theory that Ezekiel's vision temple was designed as a model for the post-exilic temple? And why, if the priest-code was the composition of a writer who worked in the spirit and on the lines of Ezekiel, should it have omitted to assign steps to the tabernacle altar? And the altar shall be twelve cubits long, twelve broad,.... The length of it, from east to west, was twelve cubits; and the breadth, from north to south, was the same; so that it was a proper foursquare, as follows: Christ the altar, or the doctrine of his sacrifice and satisfaction for the sins of men, is the doctrine of the twelve apostles of Christ, and embraced by the twelve times twelve, the 144,000 that belong unto him:

square in the four squares thereof; as the altar in the tabernacle, and Solomon's temple, were, Exodus 27:1, denoting the largeness of Christ's sacrifice, the perfection of it, and its stability and permanency, to take away the sin, of his people. 16. square in the four squares—square on the four sides of its squares [Fairbairn].43:1-27 After Ezekiel had surveyed the temple of God, he had a vision of the glory of God. When Christ crucified, and the things freely given to us of God, through Him, are shown to us by the Holy Ghost, they make us ashamed for our sins. This frame of mind prepares us for fuller discoveries of the mysteries of redeeming love; and the whole of the Scriptures should be opened and applied, that men may see their sins, and repent of them. We are not now to offer any atoning sacrifices, for by one offering Christ has perfected for ever those that are sanctified, Heb 10:14; but the sprinkling of his blood is needful in all our approaches to God the Father. Our best services can be accepted only as sprinkled with the blood which cleanses from all sin.
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Alphabetical: altar and be by cubits four hearth in is its long Now shall sides square The twelve wide

OT Prophets: Ezekiel 43:16 The altar hearth shall be twelve cubits (Ezek. Eze Ezk) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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