Job 31:40
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
then let briers come up instead of wheat and stinkweed instead of barley." The words of Job are ended.

New Living Translation
then let thistles grow on that land instead of wheat, and weeds instead of barley." Job's words are ended.

English Standard Version
let thorns grow instead of wheat, and foul weeds instead of barley.” The words of Job are ended.

New American Standard Bible
Let briars grow instead of wheat, And stinkweed instead of barley." The words of Job are ended.

King James Bible
Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

Christian Standard Bible
then let thorns grow instead of wheat and stinkweed instead of barley. The words of Job are concluded.

Contemporary English Version
If I had, I would pray for weeds instead of wheat to grow in my fields. After saying these things, Job was silent.

Good News Translation
then instead of wheat and barley, may weeds and thistles grow. The words of Job are ended.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
then let thorns grow instead of wheat and stinkweed instead of barley. The words of Job are concluded.

International Standard Version
may thorns spring up instead of wheat, and obnoxious weeds instead of barley." With this, Job's discourse with his friends is completed.

NET Bible
then let thorns sprout up in place of wheat, and in place of barley, weeds!" The words of Job are ended.

New Heart English Bible
let briars grow instead of wheat, and stinkweed instead of barley." The words of Job are ended.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[then] let it grow thistles instead of wheat, and foul-smelling weeds instead of barley." This is the end of Job's words.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Let thistles grow instead of wheat, And noisome weeds instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

New American Standard 1977
Let briars grow instead of wheat, And stinkweed instead of barley.”The words of Job are ended.

Jubilee Bible 2000
let thistles grow up unto me instead of wheat and stinkweed instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

King James 2000 Bible
Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and weeds instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

American King James Version
Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

American Standard Version
Let thistles grow instead of wheat, And cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let thistles grow up to me instead of wheat, and thorns instead of barley.

Darby Bible Translation
Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and tares instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

English Revised Version
Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

Webster's Bible Translation
Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

World English Bible
let briars grow instead of wheat, and stinkweed instead of barley." The words of Job are ended.

Young's Literal Translation
Instead of wheat let a thorn go forth, And instead of barley a useless weed! The words of Job are finished.
Study Bible
Job's Final Appeal
39If I have eaten its fruit without money, Or have caused its owners to lose their lives, 40Let briars grow instead of wheat, And stinkweed instead of barley." The words of Job are ended.
Cross References
Job 32:13
"Do not say, 'We have found wisdom; God will rout him, not man.'

Isaiah 5:6
"I will lay it waste; It will not be pruned or hoed, But briars and thorns will come up. I will also charge the clouds to rain no rain on it."

Jeremiah 51:64
and say, 'Just so shall Babylon sink down and not rise again because of the calamity that I am going to bring upon her; and they will become exhausted.'" Thus far are the words of Jeremiah.
Treasury of Scripture

Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

thistles (Choach, probably the black thorn.) See on

2 Kings 14:9 And Jehoash the king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying…

Genesis 3:17,18 And to Adam he said, Because you have listened to the voice of your …

Isaiah 7:23 And it shall come to pass in that day, that every place shall be, …

Zephaniah 2:9 Therefore as I live, said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, Surely …

Malachi 1:3 And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for …

cockle. or, noisome weeds. The

Psalm 72:20 The prayers of David the son of Jesse are ended.

Verse 40. - Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockles instead of barley. Then let me be appropriately punished by finding the land, whereof I have wrongfully become possessed, produce nothing but thistles (or thorns) and noxious weeds, such as cockles (Authorized Version) or hemlock (Professor Lee). The words of Job are ended. This may be regarded either as Job's own conclusion of his long speech, or as a remark of the author's. On the whole, the former view is to be preferred.



Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley,.... This is an imprecation of Job's, in which he wishes that if what he had said was not true, or if he was guilty of the crimes he denied, that when and where he sowed wheat, thorns or thistles might come up instead of it, or tares, as some Jewish writers (d) interpret it; and that when and where he should sow barley, cockle, or darnel, or any "stinking" or "harmful" weed (e), as the word signifies, might spring up in room of it; respect seems to be had to the original curse upon the earth, and by the judgment of God is sometimes the case, that a fruitful land is turned into barrenness for the wickedness of them that dwell in it, Genesis 3:18;

the words of Job are ended; which is either said by himself, at the close of his speech; thus far says Job, and no farther, having said enough in his own defence, and for the confutation of his antagonists, and so closes in a way of triumph: or else this was added by Moses, supposed to have written this book; or by some other hand, as Ezra, upon the revision of it, and other books of the Old Testament, when put in order by him: and these were the last words of Job to his friends, and in vindication of himself; for though there is somewhat more said afterwards by him, and but little, yet to God, and by way of humiliation, acknowledging his sin, and repentance for it with shame and abhorrence; see Job 40:3. Jarchi, and so the Midrash, understand this concluding clause as all imprecation of Job's; that if he had done otherwise than he had declared, he wishes that these might be his last words, and he become dumb, and never open his mouth more; but, as Bar Tzemach observes, the simple sense is, that his words were now completed and finished, just as the prayers of David, the son of Jesse, are said to be, Psalm 72:20.

(d) Bar Tzemach, et alii. (e) "herba foetens", Montanus, Bolducius; "spina foetida", Drusius; "vitium frugum", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "labrusca", Cocceius, Schultens. 40. thistles—or brambles, thorns.

cockle—literally, "noxious weeds."

The words … ended—that is, in the controversy with the friends. He spoke in the book afterwards, but not to them. At Job 31:37 would be the regular conclusion in strict art. But Job 31:38-40 are naturally added by one whose mind in agitation recurs to its sense of innocence, even after it has come to the usual stopping point; this takes away the appearance of rhetorical artifice. Hence the transposition by Eichorn of Job 31:38-40 to follow Job 31:25 is quite unwarranted. 31:33-40 Job clears himself from the charge of hypocrisy. We are loth to confess our faults, willing to excuse them, and to lay the blame upon others. But he that thus covers his sins, shall not prosper, Pr 28:13. He speaks of his courage in what is good, as an evidence of his sincerity in it. When men get estates unjustly, they are justly deprived of comfort from them; it was sown wheat, but shall come up thistles. What men do not come honestly by, will never do them any good. The words of Job are ended. They end with a bold assertion, that, with respect to accusation against his moral and religious character as the cause for his sufferings, he could appeal to God. But, however confident Job was, we shall see he was mistaken, chap. 40:4,5; 1Jo 1:8. Let us all judge ourselves; wherein we are guilty, let us seek forgiveness in that blood which cleanseth from all sin; and may the Lord have mercy upon us, and write his laws in our hearts!
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