Behold, a son shall be born to you, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about: for his name shall be Solomon, and I will give peace and quietness to Israel in his days.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Shall be born.—Is about to be born (participle).
And I will give him rest from all his enemies round about—i.e., the surrounding peoples, who are his natural foes, seeing that they were brought under the yoke by his father, will acquiesce in his dominion. The same words are used, in a somewhat different sense. about David (2Samuel 7:1); and in 1Kings 5:4 Solomon applies them to himself. (Comp. also Proverbs 16:7.)
Solomon.—The emphatic word. (See 2Samuel 12:24.) The Hebrew is Shĕlōmō; for which the LXX. gives Sălōmōn; Syriac, Shĕleimûn; Arabic, Suleimân (same as “Solyman the Magnificent”). The original form of the word had the final n which we see in the cognate languages. The Assyrian Shalman (in Shalmaneser) and the Moabite Salamanu seem to be identical. The Vulg. has Pacificus (peace-maker). (Comp. the Greek Irenæeus, the German Friederich, our “Frederick,” peaceful.) Sŏlŏmon is the New Testament spelling.
It would seem that the original name of Solomon was Jedidiah (2Samuel 12:25), but posterity, looking back with fond regret to the palmy days of his reign, remembered him only as Shelomoh, “The Peaceful.” (See on 1Chronicles 20:5.)
And I will give peace and quietness unto Israel in his days.—Literally, and peace and quietness will I put upon Israel, &c. His name will be a Divine augury of the character of his reign.
Quietness (shèqet).—Only here; but compare the cognate verb (Judges 5:31 : “had rest”).2 Samuel 12:24 note. The former name prevailed, probably on account of this prophecy, which attached to the name the promise of a blessing.
6. Then he called for Solomon … and charged him—The earnestness and solemnity of this address creates an impression that it was given a little before the old king's decease. He unfolded his great and long cherished plan, enjoined the building of God's house as a sacred duty on him as his son and successor, and described the resources that were at command for carrying on the work. The vast amount of personal property he had accumulated in the precious metals [1Ch 22:14] must have been spoil taken from the people he had conquered, and the cities he had sacked.2 Samuel 7:12.
who shall be a man of rest, and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about: and so should be at leisure for such a work, and his people enjoy great prosperity and riches, and so be capable of contributing largely and liberally to it:
for his name shall be Solomon; which signifies peace, and is one of the six persons that had their names given them before they were born, as the Jews observe (q):
and I will give peace and quietness unto Israel in his days; and so a proper time to begin and carry on such a work; of the fulfilment of this prophecy, see 1 Kings 4:24.Behold, a son shall be born to thee, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about: for his name shall be Solomon, and I will give peace and quietness unto Israel in his days.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)9. I will give him rest] Cp. 1 Kings 5:4. The promise here made is of a period of peace sufficiently long for the work of Temple-building. Solomon’s reign was not wholly peaceful; cp. 1 Kings 11:14; 1 Kings 11:23; 1 Kings 11:26.Verse 9. - Shall be born. This is not the necessary translation of the verb. The form נולָד does not express here future time. Solomon was already born when the word of the Lord came to David. On the other hand, we may suppose special emphasis to belong to the clause, His name shall be Solomon. The name designates the man of peace, and the clause is an announcement, probably intended to throw further into the shade the alternative name Jedidiah, which also had been divinely given (2 Samuel 12:24, 25).
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