Also the children of those that had been carried away, which were come out of the captivity, offered burnt offerings to the God of Israel, twelve bullocks for all Israel, ninety and six rams, seventy and seven lambs, twelve he goats for a sin offering: all this was a burnt offering to the LORD.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Ezra 8:35. Which were come out of the captivity — Namely, those new- comers whom God had safely conducted thither. Offered burnt-offerings unto the God of Israel — Whereby they acknowledged the Lord for their God, and expressed their gratitude for their restoration. Twelve he-goats for a sin-offering — For it is the atonement that secures every mercy to us, which will not be truly comfortable, unless iniquity be taken away, and our peace be made with God. They offer twelve bullocks, twelve he-goats, and ninety-six rams, (eight times twelve,) signifying the union of the two kingdoms. They did not any longer go two tribes one way, and ten tribes another; but all the twelve met by their representatives at the same altar.Which were come out of the captivity, to wit, these new comers, whom God had safely conducted hither.
offered burnt offerings unto the God of Israel; by way of thankfulness for their deliverance from captivity, and for their safe journey:
twelve bullocks for all Israel: according to the number of the tribes; and there might be some of every tribe that now came up:
ninety and six rams, seventy and seven lambs; these and the bullocks were burnt offerings:
twelve he goats for a sin offering; according to the number of the twelve tribes, also to make atonement for sins they had been guilty of:Also the children of those that had been carried away, which were come out of the captivity, offered burnt offerings unto the God of Israel, twelve bullocks for all Israel, ninety and six rams, seventy and seven lambs, twelve he goats for a sin offering: all this was a burnt offering unto the LORD.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)35. Also the children of those that had been carried away, which were come out of the captivity] R.V. The children of the captivity which were come out of exile.
By this term is intended Ezra’s company which had just returned. The sacrifices offered by them resembled those offered by Zerubbabel and his companions at the dedication of the Temple (Ezra 6:17). (1) They consisted of the same animals, bullocks, rams and lambs; (2) they were offered in the name of the whole people.
For the expression ‘the children of the captivity’ compare Ezra 6:19, and see note on chap. Ezra 2:1. The ‘exile’ (sh‘bhi) refers to the condition of captivity, the ‘captivity’ (haggôlah) to the community of exiles.
twelve bullocks … twelve he goats] i.e. for the twelve tribes, cf. on Ezra 6:17, ‘for all Israel’.
ninety and six rams] i.e. eight for each tribe.
seventy and seven lambs] a magnification of the perfect number (cf. Genesis 4:24; Matthew 18:22).
for a sin offering] The twelve he goats as in Ezra 6:17.
all this was a burnt offering] i.e. it was completely consumed.
An offering, of thanksgiving for protection in the journey, and of consecration of the new life.Verse 35. - Also the children of those who had been carried away. i.e. the newly-returned exiles. Like their predecessors under Zernbbabel, who had made an offering for all Israel (Ezra 6:17), so the present colonists under Ezra, assuming that they represented all Israel, offered for the whole nation. The classes of animals offered are the same on the two occasions, and the number of the he-goats is identical; but in every other case the victims are far less numerous now than on the former occasion. This is fully accounted for by the comparatively small number of those who returned under Ezra.
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