And David sent messengers to comfort him concerning his father.I. THE GENEROUS MESSAGE OF DAVID.
1. In its accession.
2. In its form.
II. THE DISGRACEFUL TREATMENT OF DAVID'S MESSENGERS. Shaving their beards and shortening their garments, a double insult in the East, where long beards and long garments are badges of honour. Many Orientals would rather die than lose their beards (signs of dignity and ornaments of freedom), and Turks used to regard beardless Europeans as runaway slaves.
III. THE CONSIDERATE KINDNESS FOR THE DISGRACED MESSENGERS.
Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father
(J. Reid Howatt.)
And when the children of Ammon.I. INSULT SPRINGING FROM SLIGHT PROVOCATION.
1. From a suspicious mind.
2. From advice of jealous princes.
II. INSULT LEADING TO UNJUST WAR. This War might have been avoided by an honourable apology or better understanding. One evil leads to smother.
III. WAR TERMINATING IN DISGRACEFUL OVERTHROW.
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him.I. THE PURPOSE FOR WHICH THEY FOUGHT.
II. THE METHOD IN WHICH THEY FOUGHT.
1. A wise economy of forces.
2. A determination to render mutual help.
III. THE SPIRIT IN WHICH THEY FOUGHT.
1. Of exalted courage.
2. Of true patriotism.
3. Of submission to God.