For I say to you, That to every one which has shall be given; and from him that has not, even that he has shall be taken away from him.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Unto every one which hath shall be given.—This again takes its place among the oft-repeated axioms of our Lord’s teaching. It meets us after the parable of the Sower (Luke 8:18; Matthew 13:12; Mark 4:25), in that of the Talents (Matthew 25:29), and here. (See Notes on the several passages.)
But those mine enemies - By the punishment of those who would not that he should reign over them is denoted the ruin that was to come upon the Jewish nation for rejecting the Messiah, and also upon all sinners for not receiving him as their king. See the notes at the parable of the talents in Matthew 25.
ten … five cities—different degrees of future gracious reward, proportioned to the measure of present fidelity.See Poole on "Luke 19:12"
that unto every one that hath, shall be given; greater and larger gifts, fitting him for greater usefulness: he that has gifts, and makes use of them, increases in them; they enlarge with their use, and become brighter, and he more useful. The Vulgate Latin version adds, "and he shall abound, or shall have abundance", as in Matthew 25:29
and from him that hath not, even that he hath shall be taken away from him: that is, that which he seemed to have, or thought he had, as in Luke 8:18 for from him that has really nothing, nothing can be taken away: though the sense may be, that he that does not use the talent, or exercise the gift bestowed on him, but lays it up in a napkin, which is all one as if he had it not, even the gift itself shall be taken away from him; and as others receive no benefit by it, he shall receive no honour from it; See Gill on Matthew 13:12 and See Gill on Matthew 25:29.For I say unto you, That unto every one which hath shall be given; and from him that hath not, even that he hath shall be taken away from him.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)Luke 19:26. Deprivation the only penalty here, no casting out into outer darkness as in Mt.; merciless severity reserved for the enemies of the king.26. even that he hath] Comp. Luke 8:18, “even that which he seemeth to have.”Luke 19:26. Γὰρ, for) The interruption expressed in Luke 19:25 is passed by.
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