And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption draws near.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Look up.—The Greek word, literally, bend up, or turn up, meets us here and in Luke 13:11, and nowhere else in the New Testament, except in the doubtful passage of John 8:7; John 8:10.
Redemption.—The word, familiar as it is to us, is, in the special form here used, another of those characteristic of St. Paul’s phraseology (Romans 3:24; Romans 8:23; 1Corinthians 1:30; Ephesians 1:7, et al.). It occurs also in Hebrews 9:15; Hebrews 11:35. In its primary meaning here it points to the complete deliverance of the disciples from Jewish persecutions in Palestine that followed on the destruction of Jerusalem. The Church of Christ was then delivered from what had been its most formidable danger.Matthew 24:33. This is expressed in Luke 21:31 thus: "the kingdom of God is nigh at hand" - that is, from that time God will signally build up his kingdom. It shall be fully established when the Jewish policy shall come to an end; when the temple shall be destroyed, and the Jews scattered abroad. Then the power of the Jews shall be at an end; they shall no longer be able to persecute you, and you shall be completely delivered from all these trials and calamities in Judea.See Poole on "Luke 21:27"
then look up and lift up your heads; be cheerful and pleasant; do not hang down your heads as bulrushes, but erect them, and put on a cheerful countenance, and look upwards, from whence your help comes; and look out wistfully and intently, for your salvation and deliverance:
for your redemption draweth nigh; not the redemption of their souls from sin, Satan, the law, the world, death, and hell; for that was to be obtained, and was obtained, before any of these signs took place; nor the redemption of their bodies at the last day, in the resurrection, called the day of redemption; for this respects something that was to be, in the present age and generation; see Luke 21:32 but the deliverance of the apostles and other Christians, from the persecutions of the Jews, which were very violent, and held till these times, and then they were freed from them: or by redemption is meant, the Redeemer, the son of man, who shall now come in power and glory, to destroy the Jews, and deliver his people; and so the Ethiopic version renders it, "for he draws nigh who shall save you".And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption draweth nigh.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)28. Hope for the Faithful.
28. look up] The ‘earnest expectation’ (apokaradokia—‘watching with outstretched neck’) of the creature, Romans 8:19; Romans 8:23. This verb anakuptein only occurs in Luke 13:11. Comp. Matthew 24:31.Luke 21:28. Ἀρχομένων, when these things are beginning) Comp. the expression, “the beginning,” in Matthew 24:8. For this reason refer these things to Luke 21:8-10, et seqq.: and in this passage He is treating of the preparation for nearer events; but (δὲ) in Luke 21:34-35, He is treating of the preparation for the last events of all.—ἀνακύψατε καὶ ἐπάρατε, look up, and lift up your heads) in order that as soon as possible ye may perceive the event answering to your expectation, and may with joy embrace it (welcome it). Comp. ch. Luke 24:5 [Not as the disciples after the resurrection, who, with “faces bowed down to the earth,” “sought the living among the dead”]; Job 10:15 [If I be righteous, yet will I not lift up my head]. In the LXX. Version ἀνακύψαι is used to express, “to lift up the head;” also ἆραι κεφαλὴν, Jdg 8:28.—ἀπολύτρωσις, deliverance [redemption) from many miseries, Luke 21:12; Luke 21:16-17. Deliverance from the miseries which befell the Jews. [So long, to wit, as the shadows of the Levitical law, along with the City and Temple, were standing, the kingdom of GOD, or the free exercise of the Christian religion, did not as yet enjoy unrestricted scope. This is compared to the loveliness of the summer, Luke 21:30-31 : but old things must first be taken away,—V. g.]Verses 28-36. - Practical teaching arising the foregoing prophecy respecting the Jerusalem and the "last things." Verse 28. - And when these things begin to come to pan, then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption draweth nigh. There is no doubt that the first reference in this verse is to the earlier part of the prophecy - the fate of the city and the ruin of the Jewish power. "Your redemption" would then signify "your deliverance from the constant and bitter hostility of the Jewish authority." After A.D. and the fall of Jerusalem, the growth of Christianity was far more rapid than it had been the first thirty or forty years of its It had no longer to cope with the skilfully ordered, relentless opposition of its deadly Jewish foe. Yet between the lines a yet deeper meaning is discernible. In all times the earnest Christian is on the watch for the signs of the advent of his Lord, and the restless watch serves to keep hope alive, for the watcher knows that that advent will be the sure herald of his redemption from all the weariness and painfulness of this life.
See on Luke 13:11. Graphic, as implying being previously bowed down with sorrow.
See on lettest depart, Luke 2:29.
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