Luke 23:53
And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulcher that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
(53) A sepulchre that was hewn in stone.—The descriptive word differs from that used by St. Matthew and St. Mark, as being slightly more technical, and implying a higher degree of finish.

23:50-56 Many, though they do not make any show in outward profession, yet, like Joseph of Arimathea, will be far more ready to do real service, when there is occasion, than others who make a greater noise. Christ was buried in haste, because the sabbath drew on. Weeping must not hinder sowing. Though they were in tears for the death of their Lord, yet they must prepare to keep holy the sabbath. When the sabbath draws on, there must be preparation. Our worldly affairs must be so ordered, that they may not hinder us from our sabbath work; and our holy affections so stirred up, that they may carry us on in it. In whatever business we engage, or however our hearts may be affected, let us never fail to get ready for, and to keep holy, the day of sacred rest, which is the Lord's day.See the Matthew 27:57-61 notes; Mark 15:42-47 notes. Lu 23:47-56. Signs and Circumstances Following His Death—His Burial.

(See on [1739]Mt 27:51-56; [1740]Mt 27:62-66; and [1741]Joh 19:31-42).

See Poole on "Luke 23:50" And he took it down,.... From the cross, with the help of others, having obtained leave of Pilate so to do;

and wrapped it in linen; as was the custom of the Jews in burying their dead; See Gill on Matthew 27:59.

and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone; cut out of a rock; See Gill on Matthew 27:60.

wherein never man before was laid; so that it could not be said it was another body, and not that of Christ's, that was raised from the dead. This circumstance, serves to confirm the truth of his resurrection.

And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)
Luke 23:53. λαξευτῷ, cut out of stone, here only, and in Deuteronomy 4:49.—οὐκ, οὐδέπω οὐδεὶς, an accumulation of negatives to emphasise the honour done to Jesus by depositing His body in a previously unused tomb.53. wrapped it in linen] in a sindon, or piece of fine white linen. Comp. Mark 14:51. Two other words, othonia (John 19:40) and soudarion (John 20:7), are used of the various cerements of Jesus. That Joseph bought this sindon, apparently on this day (Mark 15:46), is one of the many incidental signs furnished even by the Synoptists that the true Passover did not begin till the evening of the Friday on which our Lord was crucified. On the part taken by Nicodemus in the entombment, and the spices which he brought, see John 19:39-40. Both Joseph and Nicodemus in acting thus not only shewed great courage, but also great self-sacrifice; for the touching of a corpse made them ceremonially unclean, and thus prevented them from any share in the Paschal Feast.

in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone] This rock-hewn tomb (Matt., Mk., comp. Isaiah 22:16) was in a garden (comp. Jos. Antt. ix. 10, § 4; x. 3, § 2) adjoining the scene of the crucifixion, if not an actual part of it. John 19:41. “He made His grave with the rich,” Isaiah 53:9. The mouth of these rocky tombs was closed with a large stone, called by the Jews Golal., which could only be rolled there by the labour of several men (John 11:39).Verse 53. - And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen. The last sad rites of love seem all to have been performed by friendly hands. Joseph and Nicodemus, and those with them, reverently took down the pierced and bleeding body; then, after the usual ablution, the sacred head was covered with the napkin, the soudarion (St. John), and the holy body was wrapped tenderly and carefully in broad bands of the finest linen, covered with thick layers of the costly aromatic preparation of which Nicodemus had laid up such ample store (St. John). This was to preserve the loved remains of the Master from any corruption which might set in before they could proceed with the process of embalming, which was delayed necessarily until after the sabbath and Passover day were passed. St. John adds, "as the manner of the Jews is to bury," probably marking the Jewish custom of embalming and thus preserving the body, as contrasted with burning, which was the Roman usage. And laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone. St. John tells us the sepulchre was in a garden. This seems not to have been an unusual practice with "the great" among the Jews. Josephus relates of Kings Uzziah and Manasseh that they were buried in their gardens ('Ant.,' 9:10 and John 10:3. 2). "He made his grave with the rich" (Isaiah 53:9). Wherein never man before was laid. St. John styles it "a new sepulchre." These details are given to show that the Lord's sacred body was not brought into contact with corruption. Linen (σινδόνι)

See on Mark 14:51; and compare Luke 16:19.

Hewn in stone (λαξευτῷ)

Only here in New Testament, and not at all in classical Greek.

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