Matthew Poole's Commentary
Praise ye the LORD. Praise ye the name of the LORD; praise him, O ye servants of the LORD.THE ARGUMENT
This Psalm contains an exhortation to all the Israelites, and especially to the priests and Levites, to praise God for his great and wonderful works; some particulars whereof are here recorded.
The servants of the Lord are exhorted to praise him, for his mercy to Israel, by his might and power, Psalm 135:1-7; for his judgments on Egypt and other nations, Psalm 135:8-14. The vanity of idols, and those that trust in them, Psalm 135:15-18. The house of Aaron and Levi are exhorted to bless God, Psalm 135:19-21.
Ye priests and Levites, as Psalm 134 1.
Ye that stand in the house of the LORD, in the courts of the house of our God,Either in the temple or the inner court, which were appropriated to the priests and Levites; or in the outward court, which was for the people. See 2 Chronicles 4:9.
Praise the LORD; for the LORD is good: sing praises unto his name; for it is pleasant.Is good; bountiful and gracious, especially to you, and therefore he justly expects and deserves your praises.
Is pleasant; the work itself of singing praises to God is pleasant, as it is more fully expressed, Psalm 147:1.
For the LORD hath chosen Jacob unto himself, and Israel for his peculiar treasure.No text from Poole on this verse.
For I know that the LORD is great, and that our Lord is above all gods.Above all that are called
gods, or worshipped as gods by the heathen people. And therefore seeing they commonly praise and extol their idols, it becometh you not to be silent as to the praises of your God.
Whatsoever the LORD pleased, that did he in heaven, and in earth, in the seas, and all deep places.Whatsoever the Lord pleased, either in, the creation or government of them,
that did he in heaven and in earth; his power and jurisdiction is universal, and not like that of the heathen gods, which is confined to their several countries.
In the seas, and all deep places; in the visible seas, and in those invisible depths, both of earth, and of the waters which are contained in the bowels of the earth.
He causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth; he maketh lightnings for the rain; he bringeth the wind out of his treasuries.The vapours; which are the matter of clouds and rain.
From the ends of the earth; either,
1. From the sea, the common source of vapours, 1 Kings 18:44 Amos 5:8; wherewith both the earth in general, and several particular countries, are terminated or bounded: or rather,
2. From all parts of the earth, from one end to another; as the borders of a land are commonly put for the whole land, from one border to another, as Psalm 105:31,33 147:14, and oft elsewhere. For in this sense this phrase is generally used in Scripture, as Job 28:24 38:13 Psalm 19:4,6 48:10, and every where.
He maketh lightnings for the rain; he bringeth water even out of the fire; he maketh thick clouds, which being broken produce lightnings, and so are dissolved into showers of rain. So the lightnings are both a sign, and in some sort the cause of rain. Or, he maketh lightnings with (as this particle is used, Genesis 46:26 Psalm 89:4 119:56,98) rain, i.e. he causeth both of them to come out of the same cloud.
Out of his treasuries; out of those secret places where he reserves them, and whence he bringeth them, as he sees fit. Thus we read of treasures of snow and hail, Job 38:22; not that they are formally laid up in any certain places, but to signify that God hath them as much at his disposal, as any man hath that which he hath laid up in his stores.
Who smote the firstborn of Egypt, both of man and beast.From the general works of nature, he comes to God’s special works of providence towards his people.
Who sent tokens and wonders into the midst of thee, O Egypt, upon Pharaoh, and upon all his servants.No text from Poole on this verse.
Who smote great nations, and slew mighty kings;No text from Poole on this verse.
Sihon king of the Amorites, and Og king of Bashan, and all the kingdoms of Canaan:No text from Poole on this verse.
And gave their land for an heritage, an heritage unto Israel his people.No text from Poole on this verse.
Thy name, O LORD, endureth for ever; and thy memorial, O LORD, throughout all generations.These wonderful works of thine shall never be forgotten. The land which thou gavest us, Psalm 135:12, and which we yet enjoy, is an everlasting monument of thy power and goodness, and an obligation and encouragement to trust in thee in all our present or future difficulties.
For the LORD will judge his people, and he will repent himself concerning his servants.Will judge his people; will in due time plead the cause of his people, or give judgment for them, as this phrase is used, Deu 32:36 Jeremiah 5:28 22:16.
He will repent himself concerning his servants; he will recall that severe sentence which for their sins he had passed upon them, and be reconciled to them.
The idols of the heathen are silver and gold, the work of men's hands.Of this and the following verses, See Poole "Psalm 115:4", See Poole "Psalm 115:5", &c.
They have mouths, but they speak not; eyes have they, but they see not;No text from Poole on this verse.
They have ears, but they hear not; neither is there any breath in their mouths.No text from Poole on this verse.
They that make them are like unto them: so is every one that trusteth in them.No text from Poole on this verse.
Bless the LORD, O house of Israel: bless the LORD, O house of Aaron:No text from Poole on this verse.
Bless the LORD, O house of Levi: ye that fear the LORD, bless the LORD.No text from Poole on this verse.
Blessed be the LORD out of Zion, which dwelleth at Jerusalem. Praise ye the LORD.Blessed be the Lord out of Zion; by the assemblies of his people in Zion or Jerusalem.
Which dwelleth at Jerusalem: this clause may be added either to distinguish the true God from the gods which were worshipped in other places and countries; or as a reason why they should bless God, because he had blessed and honoured that place with his gracious and glorious presence.