But the LORD is my defense; and my God is the rock of my refuge.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Psalm 94:20, or by the excitement of passion - my trust is still in God. He is able to interpose in either case, and I may confidently commit my cause to him. On the language used here, as well as the sentiment, see the notes at Psalm 18:2.
23 And he shall bring upon them their own iniquity, and shall cut them off in their own wickedness; yea, the Lord our God shall cut them off.
Let the wicked gather as they may, the Psalmist is not afraid, but sweetly sings, "The Lord is my defence; and my God is the rock of my refuge." Firm as a rock is Jehovah's love, and there do we betake ourselves for shelter. In him, even in him alone, we find safety, let the world rage as it may; we ask not aid from man, but are content to flee into the bosom of omnipotence.
The natural result of oppression is the destruction of the despot; his own iniquities crush him ere long. Providence arranges retaliations as remarkable as they are Just. High crimes in the end bring on heavy judgments, to sweep away evil men from off the face of the earth; yea, God himself interposes in a special manner, and cuts short the career of tyrants while they are in the very midst of their crimes. Wicked men are often arrested by the pursuivants of divine justice redhanded, with the evidences of their guilt upon them. "He shall bring upon them their own iniquity, and shall cut them off in their own wickedness." While the stolen bread is in their mouths wrath slays them, while the illgotten wedge of gold is yet in their tent judgment overtakes them. God himself conspicuously visits them, and reveals his own power in their overthrow, "yea, the Lord our God shall cut them off."
Here, then, the matter ends; faith reads the present in the light of the future, and ends her song without a trembling note.
"the Word of the Lord shall be my weapon:''
and my God is the rock of my refuge; to whom recourse is had for shelter from the enemy, and against which the gates of hell cannot prevail: both characters, rock and refuge, agree with Christ, the essential Word of the Lord.But the LORD is my defence; and my God is the rock of my refuge.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)22, 23. The R.V. renders, But the Lord hath been my high tower … and he hath brought upon them their own iniquity. But the latter clauses of Psalm 94:23 shew that the punishment of the wicked is still in the future, and it is best to regard the tenses as expressive of certainty: But Jehovah will surely prove a high tower for me, and my God shall be the rock of my refuge. Cp. Psalm 18:2; Psalm 9:9, &c.
and he shall bring upon them &c.] Cause their wrong-doing to recoil upon their own heads. Cp. Psalm 94:2; Psalm 54:5.
in their own wickedness] Or, for their evil: or perhaps, through their own evil. Cp. Psalm 5:10; Psalm 7:15-16; Psalm 9:16.Verse 22. - But the Lord is my Defence; and my God is the Rock of my refuge (comp. Psalm 18:2). Psalm 94:16 is, that there is no man who would rise and succour him in the conflict with the evil-doers; ל as in Exodus 14:25; Judges 6:31, and עם (without נלחם or the like) in the sense of contra, as in Psalm 55:19, cf. 2 Chronicles 20:6. God alone is his help. He alone has rescued him from death. היה is to be supplied to לוּלי: if He had not been, or: if He were not; and the apodosis is: then very little would have been wanting, then it would soon have come to this, that his soul would have taken up its abode, etc.; cf. on the construction Psalm 119:92; Psalm 124:1-5; Isaiah 1:9, and on כּמעט with the praet. Psalm 73:2; Psalm 119:87; Genesis 26:10 (on the other hand with the fut. Psalm 81:15). דּוּמה is, as in Psalm 115:17, the silence of the grave and of Hades; here it is the object to שׁכנה, as in Psalm 37:3, Proverbs 8:12, and frequently. When he appears to himself already as one that has fallen, God's mercy holds him up. And when thoughts, viz., sad and fearful thoughts, are multiplied within him, God's comforts delight him, viz., the encouragement of His word and the inward utterances of His Spirit. שׁרעפּים, as in Psalm 139:23, is equivalent to שעפּים, from שׂעף, סעף, Arab. š‛b, to split, branch off (Psychology, S. 181; tr. p. 214). The plural form ישׁעשׁעוּ, like the plural of the imperative in Isaiah 29:9, has two Pathachs, the second of which is the "independentification" of the Chateph of ישׁעשׁע.
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