Scofield Reference Notes
Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead;)
SCOFIELD REFERENCE NOTES (Old Scofield 1917 Edition)
The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Galatians
WRITER. The Apostle Paul (1.1)
DATE. Galatians was probably written A.D. 60, during Paul's third visit to Corinth, The occasion of the Epistle is evident. It had come to Paul's knowledge that the fickle Galatians, who were not Greeks, but Gauls, "a stream from the torrent of barbarians which poured into Greece in the third century before Christ," had become the prey of the legalizers, the Judaizing missionaries from Palestine.
THEME. The theme of Galatians is the vindication of the Gospel of the grace of God from any admixture of law-conditions, which qualify or destroy its character of pure grace.
The Galatian error had two forms, both of which are refuted. The first is the teaching that obedience to the law is mingled with faith as the ground of the sinner's justification; the second, that the justified believer is made perfect by keeping the law. Paul meets the first form of the error by a demonstration that justification is through the Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 15.18), and that the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after the confirmation of that covenant, and the true purpose of which was condemnation, not justification, cannot disannul a salvation which rests upon the earlier covenant. Paul meets the second and more subtle form by vindicating the office of the Holy Spirit as Sanctifier.
The book is in seven parts:
I. Salutation 1.1-5
II. Theme, 1.6-9.
III. Paul's Gospel is a revelation, 1.10-2.14.
IV. Justification is by faith without law, 2.15-3.24.
V. The rule of the believer's life is gracious, not legal, 3.25-5.15.
VI. Sanctification is through the Spirit, not the law, 5.16-24.
VII. Exhortations and conclusion, 5.25-6.18.
And all the brethren which are with me, unto the churches of Galatia:
Grace be to you and peace from God the Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ,
Grace (in salvation). Gal 1:6,15 2:21 Rom 3:24. See Scofield Note: "Jn 1:17".
Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father:
Sin. See Scofield Note: "Rom 3:23".
To whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.
I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel:
The test of the Gospel is grace. If the message excludes grace, or mingles law with grace as the means of either of justification or sanctification Gal 2:21 3:1-3 or denies the fact or guilt of sin which alone gives grace its occasion and opportunity, it is "another" gospel, and the preacher of it is under the anathema of God Gal 1:8,9.
Which is not another; but there be some that trouble you, and would pervert the gospel of Christ.
But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.
As we said before, so say I now again, If any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed.
For do I now persuade men, or God? or do I seek to please men? for if I yet pleased men, I should not be the servant of Christ.
 For now do
The demonstration is as follows:
(1) The Galatians know Paul, that he is no seeker after popularity Gal 1:10.
(2) He puts his known character back of the assertion that his Gospel of grace was a revelation from God (Gal 1:11,12).
(3) As for the Judaizers, Paul had been a foremost Jew, and had forsaken Judaism for something better (1Ga 1:13,14).
(4) He had preached grace years before he saw any of the other apostles (Gal 1:15-24).
(5) When he did meet the other apostles they had nothing to add to his revelations Gal 2:1-6.
(6) The other apostles fully recognized Paul's apostleship. Gal 2:7-10.
(7) If the legalizers pleaded Peter's authority, the answer was that he himself had claimed none when rebuked (Gal 2.11-14).
But I certify you, brethren, that the gospel which was preached of me is not after man.
For I neither received it of man, neither was I taught it, but by the revelation of Jesus Christ.
For ye have heard of my conversation in time past in the Jews' religion, how that beyond measure I persecuted the church of God, and wasted it:
 Jews' religion
The new dispensation of grace having come in, the Mosaic system, if still persisted in, becomes a mere "Jews' religion."
And profited in the Jews' religion above many my equals in mine own nation, being more exceedingly zealous of the traditions of my fathers.
In verses 13 and 14 the Greek word for "the Jews' religion" is Ioudaismos (Judaism). In Acts 26:5 Jas 1:26,27 threskeia -religious service--is translated "religion," and in Col 2:18, "worshipping." Excepting Jas 1:27, "religion" has always a bad sense, and nowhere is it synonymous with salvation or spirituality.
But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother's womb, and called me by his grace,
To reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the heathen; immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood:
Neither went I up to Jerusalem to them which were apostles before me; but I went into Arabia, and returned again unto Damascus.
Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to see Peter, and abode with him fifteen days.
But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother.
Now the things which I write unto you, behold, before God, I lie not.
Afterwards I came into the regions of Syria and Cilicia;
And was unknown by face unto the churches of Judaea which were in Christ:
But they had heard only, That he which persecuted us in times past now preacheth the faith which once he destroyed.
And they glorified God in me.