Scofield Reference Notes
Shoshannim, "lilies," and so, the spring; the Shoshannim Psalms were probably connected with the Passover season, and hence reminders of redemption out of bondage, and of the origins of Israel.
This great psalm of the King, with Psalms 46.-47., obviously looks forward to the advent in glory. The reference in Heb 1:8,9 is not Song much to the anointing as an event Mt 3:16,17 as to the permanent state of the King. Cf. Isa 11:1,2.
The divisions are:
(1) The supreme beauty of the King (Ps 45:1,2);
(2) the coming of the King in glory Ps 45:3-5 Rev 19:11-21.
(3) the deity of the King and character of His reign Ps 45:6,7 Heb 1:8,9 Isa 11:1-5.
(4) as associated with Him in earthly rule, the queen is presented, Ps 45:9-13 and in that relation the King is not called Elohim See Scofield Note: "Gen 1:1" as in verse 6, but Adonai, the husband name of Deity See Scofield Note: "Gen 15:2".
(5) the virgin companions of the queen, who would seem to be the Jewish remnant. See Scofield Note: "Rom 11:5". Rev 14:1-4 are next seen Ps 45:14,15, and
(6) the Psalm closes with a reference to the earthly fame of the King.
See Psalm 68., next in order of the Messianic Psalms.
Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever.
Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O most mighty, with thy glory and thy majesty.
And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness and righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.
Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; whereby the people fall under thee.
Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre.
Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.
Kings' daughters were among thy honourable women: upon thy right hand did stand the queen in gold of Ophir.
Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house;
So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he is thy Lord; and worship thou him.
And the daughter of Tyre shall be there with a gift; even the rich among the people shall intreat thy favour.
The king's daughter is all glorious within: her clothing is of wrought gold.
She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of needlework: the virgins her companions that follow her shall be brought unto thee.
With gladness and rejoicing shall they be brought: they shall enter into the king's palace.
Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children, whom thou mayest make princes in all the earth.
I will make thy name to be remembered in all generations: therefore shall the people praise thee for ever and ever.