Wesley's Notes on the Bible
A wise son heareth his father's instruction: but a scorner heareth not rebuke.
A man shall eat good by the fruit of his mouth: but the soul of the transgressors shall eat violence.
13:2 Shall eat - Shall receive comfort, and benefit by his wise and profitable discourses.
He that keepeth his mouth keepeth his life: but he that openeth wide his lips shall have destruction.
The soul of the sluggard desireth, and hath nothing: but the soul of the diligent shall be made fat.
A righteous man hateth lying: but a wicked man is loathsome, and cometh to shame.
Righteousness keepeth him that is upright in the way: but wickedness overthroweth the sinner.
13:6 Keepeth him - From that over - throw which befal sinners.
There is that maketh himself rich, yet hath nothing: there is that maketh himself poor, yet hath great riches.
13:7 Maketh rich - Some men who have little or nothing, pretend to have great riches. Maketh rich - Some rich men profess to be poor.
The ransom of a man's life are his riches: but the poor heareth not rebuke.
13:8 Riches - Riches enable a man to redeem his life when it is in greatest danger, and poverty preserves a man from many injuries. Because they are cautious, that they may not provoke others; and because they are esteemed objects of pity.
The light of the righteous rejoiceth: but the lamp of the wicked shall be put out.
13:9 The light - The prosperity. Rejoiceth - Shines with a pleasant and constant brightness. Rejoicing is here ascribed to the light, as it is to the sun, Psal 19:5, metaphorically. Put out - Their felicity shall have a hidden end.
Only by pride cometh contention: but with the well advised is wisdom.
13:10 Pride - It is chiefly, pride which blows up the coals of contention. Well - advised - Who are not governed by their passions, but by prudent considerations. Wisdom - Which teaches them to avoid contention.
Wealth gotten by vanity shall be diminished: but he that gathereth by labour shall increase.
13:11 Vanity - By wicked practices.
Hope deferred maketh the heart sick: but when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life.
13:12 Hope deferred - Delays in obtaining what a man passionately desires. The desire - The good desired. A tree of life - It is satisfactory, and reviving.
Whoso despiseth the word shall be destroyed: but he that feareth the commandment shall be rewarded.
13:13 The word - The word of God.
The law of the wise is a fountain of life, to depart from the snares of death.
13:14 The law - The instruction, or counsel; as the word law, is frequently understood in scripture.
Good understanding giveth favour: but the way of transgressors is hard.
13:15 Giveth - Makes a man acceptable to God. Rough - Offensive and hateful to God and men, as rough ways are to a traveller.
Every prudent man dealeth with knowledge: but a fool layeth open his folly.
13:16 Knowledge - Considerately and discreetly. Layeth open - By his foolish actions.
A wicked messenger falleth into mischief: but a faithful ambassador is health.
13:17 A messenger - Who is unfaithful in the execution of that which is committed to his charge. Is health - Procures benefit, as to his master, so to himself.
Poverty and shame shall be to him that refuseth instruction: but he that regardeth reproof shall be honoured.
The desire accomplished is sweet to the soul: but it is abomination to fools to depart from evil.
13:19 Sweet - Whatsoever men earnestly desire, the enjoyment of it is sweet to them; therefore sinners rejoice in the satisfaction of their sinful lusts, and abhor all restraint of them.
He that walketh with wise men shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.
Evil pursueth sinners: but to the righteous good shall be repayed.
13:21 Evil - Punishment proportionable to their sin.
A good man leaveth an inheritance to his children's children: and the wealth of the sinner is laid up for the just.
Much food is in the tillage of the poor: but there is that is destroyed for want of judgment.
13:23 The poor - Poor persons by their diligent labours, and God's blessing often grow rich. Destroyed - Or, consumed, brought to poverty, for want of discretion.
He that spareth his rod hateth his son: but he that loveth him chasteneth him betimes.
13:24 Hateth his son - His fond affection, is as pernicious to him as hatred.
The righteous eateth to the satisfying of his soul: but the belly of the wicked shall want.