1 Chronicles 12:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
These are the numbers of the divisions of the armed troops who came to David in Hebron to turn the kingdom of Saul over to him, according to the word of the LORD.

King James Bible
And these are the numbers of the bands that were ready armed to the war, and came to David to Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD.

American Standard Version
And these are the numbers of the heads of them that were armed for war, who came to David to Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And this is the number of the chiefs of the army who came to David, when he was in Hebron, to transfer to him the kingdom of Saul, according to the word of the Lord.

English Revised Version
And these are the numbers of the heads of them that were armed for war, which came to David to Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
And these are the numbers of the bands that were ready armed to the war, and came to David to Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD.

1 Chronicles 12:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

There came to David in the mountain-fastness also men of Benjamin and Judah (cf. 1 Chronicles 12:8). Their names are not in the lists, possibly because they were not handed down in the historical works made use of by the chronicler. At their head, as we learn from 1 Chronicles 12:18, stood Amasai, chief of the thirty, i.e., of the corps formed of the thirty heroes (see 1 Chronicles 11:11), although his name does not occur in the catalogue, 1 Chronicles 11. According to this, Amasai must have occupied a very important position under David; but since the name עמשׂי is not elsewhere mentioned in the history of David, the older commentators have conjectured that עמשׂי may have been the same person as עמשׂא, son of Abigail (1 Chronicles 2:17), whom Absalom made captain in Joab's place, and whom David, after the victory over the rebels, wished to make commander-in-chief in the room of Joab, and whom for that reason Joab afterwards murdered (2 Samuel 17:25; 2 Samuel 19:14; 2 Samuel 20:4, 2 Samuel 20:8.); or identical with אבשׁי the son of Zeruiah, 1 Chronicles 2:16 and 1 Chronicles 11:20. Of these conjectures the first is much more probable than the second. To meet these men, David went forth from his fastness, and asked them with what purpose they came to him. "If for peace," to stand by him, "then shall there be to me towards you a heart for union," i.e., I will be with you of one heart, be true to you. ליחד לבב is plainer than אחד לב, 1 Chronicles 12:38. "But if לרמּותני, to practise deceit against me (to be guilty of a מרמה) for mine enemies (to deliver me to them), although there be no wrong in my hands, the God of our fathers look thereon and punish;" cf. 2 Chronicles 24:22. The God of our fathers, i.e., of the patriarchs (cf. Ezra 7:27; 2 Chronicles 20:6, and Exodus 3:13.), who rules in and over Israel, who shields the innocent and punishes the guilty.

1 Chronicles 12:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

2956 B.C.

1048 An. Ex. Is.

433
the numbers

1 Chronicles 11:1-3 Then all Israel gathered themselves to David to Hebron, saying, Behold, we are your bone and your flesh...

2 Samuel 2:3,4 And his men that were with him did David bring up, every man with his household: and they dwelled in the cities of Hebron...

2 Samuel 5:1-3 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David to Hebron, and spoke, saying, Behold, we are your bone and your flesh...

bands. or, captains, or men {heb] heads
came to David Some learned men understand this as relating to the time when David was make king over Judah, on his first coming to Hebron: but it seems wholly to refer to his being made king over all Israel, after the death of Ishbosheth; for there was no such union or assembly of the several tribes on the former occasion, as is here described.

to turn

1 Chronicles 10:14 And inquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

according

1 Chronicles 11:10 These also are the chief of the mighty men whom David had, who strengthened themselves with him in his kingdom, and with all Israel...

1 Samuel 16:1,3,12,13 And the LORD said to Samuel, How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel...

2 Samuel 3:18 Now then do it: for the LORD has spoken of David, saying...

Psalm 2:6 Yet have I set my king on my holy hill of Zion.

Psalm 89:19,20 Then you spoke in vision to your holy one, and said, I have laid help on one that is mighty...

Cross References
2 Samuel 2:3
And David brought up his men who were with him, everyone with his household, and they lived in the towns of Hebron.

2 Samuel 2:4
And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. When they told David, "It was the men of Jabesh-gilead who buried Saul,"

1 Chronicles 10:14
He did not seek guidance from the LORD. Therefore the LORD put him to death and turned the kingdom over to David the son of Jesse.

1 Chronicles 11:10
Now these are the chiefs of David's mighty men, who gave him strong support in his kingdom, together with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of the LORD concerning Israel.

1 Chronicles 12:24
The men of Judah bearing shield and spear were 6,800 armed troops.

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