1 Chronicles 23:29
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Their duty was also to assist with the showbread, the flour for the grain offering, the wafers of unleavened bread, the baked offering, the offering mixed with oil, and all measures of quantity or size.

King James Bible
Both for the shewbread, and for the fine flour for meat offering, and for the unleavened cakes, and for that which is baked in the pan, and for that which is fried, and for all manner of measure and size;

American Standard Version
for the showbread also, and for the fine flour for a meal-offering, whether of unleavened wafers, or of that which is baked in the pan, or of that which is soaked, and for all manner of measure and size;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the priests have the charge of the leaves of proposition, and of the sacrifice of fine flour, and of the unleavened cakes, and of the fryingpan, and of the roasting, and of every weight and measure.

English Revised Version
for the shewbread also, and for the fine flour for a meal offering, whether of unleavened wafers, or of that which is baked in the pan, or of that which is soaked, and for all manner of measure and size;

Webster's Bible Translation
Both for the show-bread, and for the fine flour for meat-offering, and for the unleavened cakes, and for that which is baked in the pan, and for that which is fried, and for all manner of measure and size;

1 Chronicles 23:29 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Of the sons of Mushi, three founded fathers'-houses, so that the Merarites formed only four fathers'-houses in all. If we compare the enumeration of the Merarites in 1 Chronicles 24:26-30, we find there in 1 Chronicles 24:30 Eleazar and Kish called sons of Mahli, with the remark that Eleazar had no sons. In 1 Chronicles 24:26, however, of the same passage we read, "sons of Merari (were) Mahli and Mushi, sons of Jaaziah his son;" and 1 Chronicles 24:27, "sons of Merari by Jaaziah his son; and Shoham, and Zaccur, and Ibri." From this Bertheau concludes that Merari had really three sons, and that the name of the third has been dropped out of 1 Chronicles 23; but in this he is incorrect, for 1 Chronicles 23:26 and 1 Chronicles 23:27 of the 24th chapter are at once, from their whole character, recognisable as arbitrary interpolations. Not only is it strange that בּנו יעזיּהוּ בּני should follow the before-mentioned sons of Merari in this unconnected way (Vav being omitted before בּני), but the form of the expression also is peculiar. If יעזיּהוּ be a third son of Merari, or the founder of a third family of Merarites, coordinate with the families of Mahli and Mushi, as we must conclude from the additional word בּנו, we should expect, after the preceding, simply the name with the conjunction, i.e., ויעזיּהוּ. The יעזיּהוּ בּני is all the more surprising that the names of the sons of Jaaziah follow in 1 Chronicles 24:27, and there the name of the first son שׁהם is introduced by the Vav copulative. This misled the older commentators, so that they took בּנו for a proper name. The repetition of מררי בּני, too, at the beginning of the second verse is strange, and without parallel in the preceding enumeration of the fathers'-houses founded by Amram's sons (1 Chronicles 24:20-25). We must, then, as the result of all this, since the Pentateuch knows only two descendants of Merari who founded families of fathers'-houses,

(Note: Bertheau, on the contrary, proceeding on the hypothesis that we may presume the list of Merari's descendants which is given in our verses to have been originally in perfect agreement with that in 1 Chronicles 24:26-31, would emend our text according to 1 Chronicles 23:21, for it cannot be doubted that in our passage also Jaaziah and his three sons were named. But since elsewhere only the two sons Mahli and Mushi occur, one can easily see why the third son Jaaziah came to be omitted from our passage, while we cannot conceive any motive which would account for the later and arbitrary interpolation of the names in 1 Chronicles 24:26. This argumentation is weak to a degree, since it quite overlooks the main difficulty connected with this hypothesis. Had we no further accounts of the descendants of Merari than those in the two passages of the Chronicle (1 Chronicles 23:11. and 1 Chronicles 24:26-29), it would be natural to suppose that in 1 Chronicles 23:21. the additional names which we find in 1 Chronicles 24 had been dropped out. But in the genealogical lists in the Pentateuch also (Exodus 6:19 and Numbers 3:33), only two sons of Merari are named; and according to them, the Merarites, when Moses' census of the Levites was taken, formed only two families. Had Merari had yet a third son besides the two - Mahli and Mushi, who alone were known in the time of Moses - who left descendants, forming three fathers'-houses in David's time, the omission of this third son in the family register in the Pentateuch would be quite incomprehensible. Or are we to suppose that in Exodus 6:19 also the name Jaaziah had been dropped out, and that in consequence of that the family descended from him has been omitted from Numbers 3:33? Supported by the Pentateuch, the text of our verses is presumably entire, and this presumption of its integrity is confirmed by the character of the additions in 24:26, 27, as above exhibited.)

regard the additions in 1 Chronicles 24:26-27 as later glosses, although we are not in a position to explain the origin or the meaning of the interpolation. This inability arises from the fact that, of the names Jaaziah, Shoham, Zaccur, and Ibri, only Zaccur again occurs among the Asaphites (1 Chronicles 25:2), and elsewhere of other persons, while the others are nowhere else to be met with. The three families of Levi numbered therefore 9 + 9 + 4 equals 22 fathers'-houses, exclusive of the priests.

1 Chronicles 23:29 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

for the shewbread It was the priests' office to place this bread before the Lord; and it was their privilege to feed on the old loaves when they were replaced by the new.

1 Chronicles 9:31,32 And Mattithiah, one of the Levites, who was the firstborn of Shallum the Korahite...

Exodus 25:30 And you shall set on the table show bread before me always.

Leviticus 24:5-9 And you shall take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth deals shall be in one cake...

1 Kings 7:48 And Solomon made all the vessels that pertained to the house of the LORD: the altar of gold, and the table of gold...

2 Chronicles 13:11 And they burn to the LORD every morning and every evening burnt sacrifices and sweet incense...

2 Chronicles 29:18 Then they went in to Hezekiah the king, and said, We have cleansed all the house of the LORD, and the altar of burnt offering...

Nehemiah 10:33 For the show bread, and for the continual meat offering, and for the continual burnt offering, of the sabbaths, of the new moons...

Matthew 12:4 How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the show bread, which was not lawful for him to eat...

Hebrews 9:2 For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the show bread...

the fine flour

1 Chronicles 9:29 Some of them also were appointed to oversee the vessels, and all the instruments of the sanctuary, and the fine flour, and the wine...

Leviticus 6:20-23 This is the offering of Aaron and of his sons, which they shall offer to the LORD in the day when he is anointed...

unleavened

Leviticus 2:4-7 And if you bring an oblation of a meat offering baked in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil...

Leviticus 7:9 And all the meat offering that is baked in the oven, and all that is dressed in the frying pan, and in the pan...

pan. or, flat plate
for all manner of measure. The standards of all weights and measures were in the sanctuary; and therefore the levites had the inspection of weights and measures of every kind, that no fraud might in this way be committed. Honesty is inseparably connected with piety; and hence the levites, being sufficiently numerous, were employed to superintend the former, as well as the latter.

Leviticus 19:35,36 You shall do no unrighteousness in judgment, in length, in weight, or in measure...

Numbers 3:50 Of the firstborn of the children of Israel took he the money; a thousand three hundred and three score and five shekels...

Cross References
Leviticus 6:20
"This is the offering that Aaron and his sons shall offer to the LORD on the day when he is anointed: a tenth of an ephah of fine flour as a regular grain offering, half of it in the morning and half in the evening.

Leviticus 6:21
It shall be made with oil on a griddle. You shall bring it well mixed, in baked pieces like a grain offering, and offer it for a pleasing aroma to the LORD.

Leviticus 19:35
"You shall do no wrong in judgment, in measures of length or weight or quantity.

Leviticus 19:36
You shall have just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin: I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt.

Leviticus 24:5
"You shall take fine flour and bake twelve loaves from it; two tenths of an ephah shall be in each loaf.

1 Chronicles 9:29
Others of them were appointed over the furniture and over all the holy utensils, also over the fine flour, the wine, the oil, the incense, and the spices.

1 Chronicles 9:31
and Mattithiah, one of the Levites, the firstborn of Shallum the Korahite, was entrusted with making the flat cakes.

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