1 Chronicles 5:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The sons of Joel: Shemaiah his son, Gog his son, Shimei his son,

King James Bible
The sons of Joel; Shemaiah his son, Gog his son, Shimei his son,

American Standard Version
The sons of Joel: Shemaiah his son, Gog his son, Shimei his son,

Douay-Rheims Bible
The sons of Joel: Samaia his son, Gog his son, Semei his son,

English Revised Version
The sons of Joel; Shemaiah his son, Gog his son, Shimei his son;

Webster's Bible Translation
The sons of Joel; Shemaiah his son, Gog his son, Shimei his son,

1 Chronicles 5:4 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The above-mentioned Simeonite princes, with their people, fell upon the peaceful little people of the Hamites in the days of Hezekiah, and smote, i.e., destroyed, their tents, and also the Meunites whom they found there. The Meunites were strangers in this place, and were probably connected with the city Maan in the neighbourhood of Petra, to the east of Wady Musa (cf. on 2 Chronicles 20:1 and 2 Chronicles 26:7), who dwelt in tents as nomads, with the Hamites in their richly pastured valley. ויּחרימם, and they destroyed them utterly, as the Vulgate rightly renders it, et deleverunt; and J. H. Mich., ad internecionem usque eos exciderunt. The word החרים, to smite with the curse, having gradually lost its original religious signification, came to be used in a wider sense, to denote complete extirpation, because all accursed persons were slain. Undoubted examples are 2 Chronicles 20:23; 2 Chronicles 32:14; 2 Kings 19:11; Isaiah 37:11; and it is to be so understood here also.

(Note: Bertheau ignores this secondary use of the word, and has drawn from יחרימם the extremely wide inference, that the Simeonites, impelled by holy enthusiasm, arising from the wondrous deliverance of Judah from the attack of the Assyrian power, and the elevation of feeling which it produced in the community, and filled with the thought awakened by the discourses of the great prophets, that the time had come to extend Israel's rule, and to bring the conquered peoples under the curse, just as was done in the time of Joshua, had undertaken this war of annexation. But there is unfortunately not a single trace of this enthusiastic thought in the narrative of our verse, for it knows no other motive for the whole undertaking than the purely earthly need to seek and find new pasture lands.)

"Until this day," i.e., till the composition of the historical work used by the author of the Chronicle, i.e., till the time before the exile.

1 Chronicles 5:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


1 Samuel 8:2 Now the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his second, Abiah: they were judges in Beersheba.


1 Chronicles 9:16 And Obadiah the son of Shemaiah, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun, and Berechiah the son of Asa, the son of Elkanah...

Gog. i.e., to cover; surmount; top; roof; extension; mountain

(1) A Rubenite.

1 Chronicles 5:4 The sons of Joel; Shemaiah his son, Gog his son, Shimei his son,

(2) Prince of the land of Magog.

Ezekiel 38:2,3,14,16,18 Son of man, set your face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him...

Ezekiel 39:1,11 Therefore, you son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, Thus said the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against you...

-3 Also of the Rossi, Moschi, and Tibareni, who is to come with great forces from the extreme north,

Ezekiel 38:15 And you shall come from your place out of the north parts, you, and many people with you, all of them riding on horses, a great company...


Ezekiel 39:2 And I will turn you back, and leave but the sixth part of you, and will cause you to come up from the north parts...

; after the exile,

Ezekiel 38:8 After many days you shall be visited: in the latter years you shall come into the land that is brought back from the sword...


Ezekiel 38:12 To take a spoil, and to take a prey; to turn your hand on the desolate places that are now inhabited...

, to invade the holy land, and to perish there. Gog and Magog,

Revelation 20:8 And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog, and Magog, to gather them together to battle...

, belong to a different time to those spoken of in Ezekiel.


2 Samuel 16:5 And when king David came to Bahurim, behold, there came out a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name was Shimei...

Cross References
1 Chronicles 5:5
Micah his son, Reaiah his son, Baal his son,

1 Chronicles 5:8
and Bela the son of Azaz, son of Shema, son of Joel, who lived in Aroer, as far as Nebo and Baal-meon.

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