1 Chronicles 9:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
until then they were in the king’s gate on the east side as the gatekeepers of the camps of the Levites.

King James Bible
Who hitherto waited in the king's gate eastward: they were porters in the companies of the children of Levi.

American Standard Version
who hitherto waited in the king's gate eastward: they were the porters for the camp of the children of Levi.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Until that time, in the king's gate eastward, the sons of Levi waited by their turns.

English Revised Version
who hitherto waited in the king's gate eastward: they were the porters for the camp of the children of Levi.

Webster's Bible Translation
Who hitherto waited in the king's gate eastward: they were porters in the companies of the children of Levi.

1 Chronicles 9:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The priests. - The three names Jedaiah, Jehoiarib, and Jachin (1 Chronicles 9:10) denote three classes of priests (cf. 1 Chronicles 24:7, 1 Chronicles 24:17), who accordingly dwelt in Jerusalem. There also dwelt there (1 Chronicles 9:11) Azariah the son of Hilkiah, etc., the prince of the house of God; cf. 2 Chronicles 31:13. This is the Azariah mentioned in 1 Chronicles 6:13, the son of Hilkiah, etc., the grandfather of the Jehozadak who was led captive into Babylon. then in 1 Chronicles 9:12 we have two other heads of the priestly fathers'-houses, with an enumeration of their ancestors, through whom they are traced back to the classes of priests to which they belonged respectively, viz., Adaiah to the class Malchijah (1 Chronicles 24:9), and Maasiai to the class Immer (1 Chronicles 24:14). According to this, therefore, there dwelt at Jerusalem, of the priesthood, the three classes Jedaiah, Jehoiarib, and Jachin, Azariah the prince of the temple, and of the classes Malchijah and Immer, the fathers'-houses Adaiah and Maasiai. In 1 Chronicles 9:13 the whole number is estimated at 1760. A difficulty is raised by the first words of this verse, "And their brethren, heads of their fathers'-houses, 1760," which can hardly be taken in any other sense than as denoting that the number of the heads of the fathers'-houses amounted to 1760. This, however, is not conceivable, as "fathers'-houses" are not single households, but larger groups of related families. Moreover, אחיהם, which is co-ordinate with the heads of the fathers'-houses, can only denote, as in 1 Chronicles 9:6, 1 Chronicles 9:9, the heads of the families which belonged to or constituted the fathers'-houses. To arrive at this meaning, however, we must transpose the words ואחיהם and לבית־אבותם ראשׁים, connecting לבית־אבותם ר with 1 Chronicles 9:12, and אחיהם with the number, thus: heads of fathers'-houses, etc., were those mentioned in 1 Chronicles 9:12, and their brethren 1760 (men), valiant heroes in the work of the service of the house of God. Before מלאכת one would expect the word עשׁי, as in 1 Chronicles 23:24 and Nehemiah 11:12, but its presence is not so absolutely necessary as to warrant us in supposing that it has been dropped out, and in inserting it. מלאכת may be also taken as an accusative of relation, "valiant heroes in reference to the work;" or at most a ל a tso may be supplied before מלאכת, as it might easily have been omitted by a clerical error after the immediately preceding חיל. On comparing our passage with Nehemiah 11:10-14, we find there, if בּן־יויריב in 1 Chronicles 9:10 be altered into יהויריב, the same three classes of priests; but instead of Azariah, Seraiah is prince of the house of God, 1 Chronicles 9:11 : thereafter we have 822 brethren, performing the work of the house (of God). Then follows Adaiah of the class Malchijah (as in the Chronicles), but with the addition, "his brethren 242;" and then Amashai of the class Immer, but with other ancestors than those of the Maasiai of the Chronicles, and with the addition, "and their brethren, valiant heroes, 128;" and finally, Zabdiel Ben Hagdolim as overseer (president over them).

The sum of the three numbers is 1192, as contrasted with the 1760 of the Chronicle.

1 Chronicles 9:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Who hitherto waited. The original is wead hennah, which Houbigant and Dr. Geddes consider as a proper name, and render, `And Adnah was over the eastern gate, called the king's;' i.e. the gate by which the kings of Judah went to the temple. The list is here nearly the same with those found in Ezra and Nehemiah, and contains those who returned to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel: but the list in Nehemiah is more ample, probably because it contains those who came {afterwards}; the object of the sacred writer here being to give the names of those who came first (ver

2.) These consisted of men belonging not only to the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, but to many of the other tribes of Israel, who took advantage of the proclamation of Cyrus to return to Jerusalem. Properly speaking, the divisions mentioned here constituted the {whole} of the Israelitish people, who were divided into priests, Levites, common Israelites, and Nethinims.

the king's

1 Kings 10:5 And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers...

2 Kings 11:19 And he took the rulers over hundreds, and the captains, and the guard, and all the people of the land...

Ezekiel 44:2,3 Then said the LORD to me; This gate shall be shut, it shall not be opened, and no man shall enter in by it; because the LORD...

Ezekiel 46:1,2 Thus said the Lord GOD; The gate of the inner court that looks toward the east shall be shut the six working days...

Acts 3:11 And as the lame man which was healed held Peter and John, all the people ran together to them in the porch that is called Solomon's...

they

1 Chronicles 26:12-19 Among these were the divisions of the porters, even among the chief men, having wards one against another...

Cross References
1 Chronicles 9:17
The gatekeepers were Shallum, Akkub, Talmon, Ahiman, and their kinsmen (Shallum was the chief);

1 Chronicles 9:19
Shallum the son of Kore, son of Ebiasaph, son of Korah, and his kinsmen of his fathers' house, the Korahites, were in charge of the work of the service, keepers of the thresholds of the tent, as their fathers had been in charge of the camp of the LORD, keepers of the entrance.

Jeremiah 35:4
I brought them to the house of the LORD into the chamber of the sons of Hanan the son of Igdaliah, the man of God, which was near the chamber of the officials, above the chamber of Maaseiah the son of Shallum, keeper of the threshold.

Ezekiel 44:1
Then he brought me back to the outer gate of the sanctuary, which faces east. And it was shut.

Ezekiel 46:1
"Thus says the Lord GOD: The gate of the inner court that faces east shall be shut on the six working days, but on the Sabbath day it shall be opened, and on the day of the new moon it shall be opened.

Ezekiel 46:2
The prince shall enter by the vestibule of the gate from outside, and shall take his stand by the post of the gate. The priests shall offer his burnt offering and his peace offerings, and he shall worship at the threshold of the gate. Then he shall go out, but the gate shall not be shut until evening.

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