English Standard Version
For I think that God has exhibited us apostles as last of all, like men sentenced to death, because we have become a spectacle to the world, to angels, and to men.
King James Bible
For I think that God hath set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men.
American Standard Version
For, I think, God hath set forth us the apostles last of all, as men doomed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, both to angels and men.
For I think that God hath set forth us apostles, the last, as it were men appointed to death: we are made a spectacle to the world, and to angels, and to men.
English Revised Version
For, I think, God hath set forth us the apostles last of all, as men doomed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men.
Webster's Bible Translation
For I think that God hath set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle to the world, and to angels, and to men.
Weymouth New Testament
God, it seems to me, has exhibited us Apostles last of all, as men condemned to death; for we have come to be a spectacle to all creation--alike to angels and to men.
1 Corinthians 4:9 Parallel
CommentaryVincent's Word Studies
Introducing a contrast between the inflated self-satisfaction of the Corinthians and the actual condition of their teachers. You have come to reign, but the case is very different with us, for I think, etc.
Hath set forth (ἀπέδειξεν)
Only twice in Paul's writings; here, and 2 Thessalonians 2:4. See on approved, Acts 2:22. In classical Greek used of publishing a law; shewing forth, and therefore naming or creating a king or military leader; bringing forward testimony; displaying treasure, etc. So here, exhibiting.
As in Mark 9:35, of relative rank and condition: as having in men's eyes the basest lot of all.
Appointed to death (ἐπιθανατίους)
Rev., doomed. Only here in the New Testament. Probably an allusion to the practice of exposing condemned criminals in the amphitheatre to fight with beasts or with one another as gladiators. The gladiators, on entering the arena, saluted the presiding officer with the words Nos morituri salutamus, We who are to die greet you. Tertullian paraphrases this passage, God hath chosen us apostles last as beast-fighters. "The vast range of an amphitheatre under the open sky, well represents the magnificent vision of all created things, from men up to angels, gazing on the dreadful death-struggle; and then the contrast of the selfish Corinthians sitting by unconcerned and unmoved by the awful spectacle" (Stanley). For a similar image of spectators watching the contest in the arena, see Hebrews 12:1. Compare also 1 Corinthians 15:32.
Primarily, a theatre; then that which is exhibited. Compare the kindred verb θεατριζόμενοι being made a gazing-stock, Hebrews 10:33.
Unto the world (τῷ κόσμω)
The universe, a sense not usual with Paul; compare 1 Corinthians 8:4. The words to angels and to men define world; so that the rendering of the American Rev. is preferable, both to angels and men. Principal Edwards remarks: "This comprehensive use of the word kosmos is remarkable, because, on the one hand, it is an advance on the Old-Testament conception of two separate spheres of existence, heaven and earth, not comprehended under any wider designation; and, on the other, because it differs from the meaning attached to the word among the Greeks; inasmuch as the apostle uses it of the spiritual as well as the physical totality of existence." The spiritual oneness of the universe is a conception eminently characteristic of St. Paul; but it is foreshadowed by Plato. "Communion and friendship and orderliness and temperance and justice bind together heaven and earth and gods and men; and this universe is therefore called kosmos or order; not disorder or misrule" ("Gorgias," 508).
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
us the apostles last, as. or, us the last apostles, as.
spectacle. Gr. theatre.
to angels, and to men.
I have been as a portent to many, but you are my strong refuge.
Why did I come out from the womb to see toil and sorrow, and spend my days in shame?
As it is written, "For your sake we are being killed all the day long; we are regarded as sheep to be slaughtered."
1 Corinthians 15:19
If in Christ we have hope in this life only, we are of all people most to be pitied.
1 Corinthians 15:31
I protest, brothers, by my pride in you, which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die every day!
2 Corinthians 11:23
Are they servants of Christ? I am a better one--I am talking like a madman--with far greater labors, far more imprisonments, with countless beatings, and often near death.
sometimes being publicly exposed to reproach and affliction, and sometimes being partners with those so treated.
Jump to PreviousAngels Apostles Appointed Condemned Creation Death Die Display Displayed Doomed End Fate Forth Last Messengers Procession Seems Sentenced Spectacle Think Universe Whole World
Jump to NextAngels Apostles Appointed Condemned Creation Death Die Display Displayed Doomed End Fate Forth Last Messengers Procession Seems Sentenced Spectacle Think Universe Whole World
Links1 Corinthians 4:9 NIV
1 Corinthians 4:9 NLT
1 Corinthians 4:9 ESV
1 Corinthians 4:9 NASB
1 Corinthians 4:9 KJV
1 Corinthians 4:9 Bible Apps
1 Corinthians 4:9 Biblia Paralela
1 Corinthians 4:9 Chinese Bible
1 Corinthians 4:9 French Bible
1 Corinthians 4:9 German Bible
ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.