1 Corinthians 9:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For it is written in the Law of Moses, “You shall not muzzle an ox when it treads out the grain.” Is it for oxen that God is concerned?

King James Bible
For it is written in the law of Moses, Thou shalt not muzzle the mouth of the ox that treadeth out the corn. Doth God take care for oxen?

American Standard Version
For it is written in the law of Moses, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth out the corn. Is it for the oxen that God careth,

Douay-Rheims Bible
For it is written in the law of Moses: Thou shalt not muzzle the mouth of the ox that treadeth out the corn. Doth God take care for oxen?

English Revised Version
For it is written in the law of Moses, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox when he treadeth out the corn. Is it for the oxen that God careth,

Webster's Bible Translation
For it is written in the law of Moses, Thou shalt not muzzle the mouth of the ox that treadeth out the corn. Doth God take care for oxen?

Weymouth New Testament
For in the Law of Moses it is written, "Thou shalt not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain."

1 Corinthians 9:9 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Muzzle (φιμώσεις)

See on Matthew 22:12, Matthew 22:34; see on Mark 4:39. Some texts read κημώσεις a muzzle, from κημός a muzzle See Deuteronomy 25:4.

Ox - treadeth

The custom of driving the oxen over the corn strewed on the ground or on a paved area, was an Egyptian one. In later times the Jews used threshing instruments, dragged by the beasts through the grain Herodotus says that pigs were employed for this purpose in Egypt, but the monuments always represent oxen, or, more rarely, asses. In Andalusia the process may still be seen, the animals pulling the drag in a circle through the heap of grain; and in Italy, the method of treading out by horses was in use up to a comparatively recent date.

The verb ἀλοάω to tread, occurring only here, Deuteronomy 25:10, and 1 Timothy 5:18, is etymologically related to ἅλων halon, threshing-floor (see on Matthew 3:12), which also means the disk of the sun or moon, or a halo, thus implying the circular shape of the floor. Dr. Thomson says: "The command of Moses not to muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn is literally obeyed to this day by most farmers, and you often see the oxen eating from the floor as they go round. There are niggardly peasants, however, who do muzzle the ox" ("The Land and the Book"). This custom was in strong contrast with that of Gentile farmers, who treated their laboring animals cruelly, sometimes employing inhuman methods to prevent them from eating while threshing. All students of the Egyptian monuments are familiar with the hieroglyphic inscription in a tomb at Eileithyas, one of the oldest written poems extant:

"Thresh ye for yourselves,

Thresh ye for yourselves,

Thresh ye for yourselves, O oxen.

Measures of grain for yourselves,

Measures of grain for your masters."

Doth God take care for oxen?

The A.V. misses the true point of the expression. Paul, of course, assumes that God cares for the brute creation; but he means that this precept of Moses was not primarily for the oxen's sake but for man's sake. He is emphasizing the typical and spiritual meaning of the command. Render, as Rev., Is it for the oxen that God careth?

1 Corinthians 9:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Thou.

Deuteronomy 25:4 You shall not muzzle the ox when he treads out the corn.

1 Timothy 5:18 For the scripture said, You shall not muzzle the ox that treads out the corn. And, The laborer is worthy of his reward.

Doth.

Numbers 22:28-35 And the LORD opened the mouth of the donkey, and she said to Balaam, What have I done to you, that you have smitten me these three times...

Deuteronomy 5:14 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD your God: in it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter...

Psalm 104:27 These wait all on you; that you may give them their meat in due season.

Psalm 145:15,16 The eyes of all wait on you; and you give them their meat in due season...

Psalm 147:8,9 Who covers the heaven with clouds, who prepares rain for the earth, who makes grass to grow on the mountains...

Jonah 4:11 And should not I spare Nineveh, that great city...

Matthew 6:26-30 Behold the fowls of the air: for they sow not, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feeds them...

Luke 12:24-28 Consider the ravens: for they neither sow nor reap; which neither have storehouse nor barn; and God feeds them...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 22:1
"You shall not see your brother's ox or his sheep going astray and ignore them. You shall take them back to your brother.

Deuteronomy 25:4
"You shall not muzzle an ox when it is treading out the grain.

Proverbs 12:10
Whoever is righteous has regard for the life of his beast, but the mercy of the wicked is cruel.

Romans 4:23
But the words "it was counted to him" were not written for his sake alone,

1 Timothy 5:18
For the Scripture says, "You shall not muzzle an ox when it treads out the grain," and, "The laborer deserves his wages."

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