1 John 2:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I am writing to you, fathers, because you know him who is from the beginning. I am writing to you, young men, because you have overcome the evil one. I write to you, children, because you know the Father.

King James Bible
I write unto you, fathers, because ye have known him that is from the beginning. I write unto you, young men, because ye have overcome the wicked one. I write unto you, little children, because ye have known the Father.

American Standard Version
I write unto you, fathers, because ye know him who is from the beginning. I write unto you, young men, because ye have overcome the evil one. I have written unto you, little children, because ye know the Father.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I write unto you, fathers, because you have known him, who is from the beginning. I write unto you, young men, because you have overcome the wicked one.

English Revised Version
I write unto you, fathers, because ye know him which is from the beginning. I write unto you, young men, because ye have overcome the evil one. I have written unto you, little children, because ye know the Father.

Webster's Bible Translation
I write to you, fathers, because ye have known him that is from the beginning. I write to you, young men, because ye have overcome the wicked one. I write to you, little children, because ye have known the Father.

Weymouth New Testament
I am writing to you, fathers, because you know Him who has existed from the very beginning. I am writing to you, young men, because you have overcome the Evil one. I have written to you, children, because you know the Father.

1 John 2:13 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Fathers

Indicating age and authority.

Have known (ἐγνώκατε)

Rev., correctly, ye know. Knowledge is the characteristic of fathers; knowledge as the fruit of experience. Ye have perceived, therefore ye know.

Have overcome (νενικήκατε)

Compare John 16:33. The image is characteristic of Revelation and First Epistle. See Revelation 2:7, Revelation 2:11, Revelation 2:17, Revelation 2:26; Revelation 12:11; Revelation 21:7; 1 John 2:14; 1 John 4:4; 1 John 5:4, 1 John 5:5.

The evil one (τὸν πονηρόν)

See on wickedness, Mark 7:22; see on evils, Luke 3:19; see on evil spirits, Luke 7:21. The prince of darkness is styled by John ὁ διάβολος the false accuser (John 8:44; John 13:2; 1 John 3:8, 1 John 3:10. See on Matthew 4:1): ὁ Σατανᾶς Satan, the adversary (John 13:27; compare ὁ κατήγωρ the accuser, properly, in court, Revelation 12:10): ὁ πονηρός the evil one (John 17:15; 1 John 2:13, 1 John 2:14; 1 John 3:12; 1 John 5:18, 1 John 5:19): ὁ ἄρχων τοῦ κόσμου τούτου the ruler of this world (John 12:31; John 14:30; John 16:11). Note the abrupt introduction of the word here, as indicating something familiar.

I have written (ἔγραψα)

Or, strictly, I wrote. Compare I write (1 John 2:12, 1 John 2:13), and note the change of tense. The past tense, I wrote, does not refer to some previous writing, as the Gospel, but, like the present, to this Epistle. The present, I write, refers to the immediate act of writing: the aorist is the epistolary aorist, by which the writer places himself at the reader's stand-point, regarding the writing as past. See on 1 Peter 5:12. I write, therefore, refers to the Apostle's immediate act of writing; I have written, or I wrote, to the reader's act of reading the completed writing.

Little children (παιδία)

Compare τεκνία little children (1 John 2:1), which emphasizes the idea of kinship, while this word emphasizes the idea of subordination and consequent discipline. Hence it is the more appropriate word when spoken from the stand-point of authority rather than of affection.

Ye have known (ἐγνώκατε)

Rev., correctly, ye known.

continued...

1 John 2:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

fathers.

1 John 2:14 I have written to you, fathers, because you have known him that is from the beginning. I have written to you, young men...

1 Timothy 5:1 Rebuke not an elder, but entreat him as a father; and the younger men as brothers;

because.

1 John 2:3,4 And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments...

1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and has given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true...

Psalm 91:14 Because he has set his love on me, therefore will I deliver him: I will set him on high, because he has known my name.

Luke 10:22 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knows who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son...

John 8:19 Then said they to him, Where is your Father? Jesus answered, You neither know me, nor my Father: if you had known me...

John 14:7 If you had known me, you should have known my Father also: and from now on you know him, and have seen him.

John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.

him that. See on ch.

1 John 1:1 That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked on...

Psalm 90:2 Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever you had formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting...

young.

1 John 2:14 I have written to you, fathers, because you have known him that is from the beginning. I have written to you, young men...

Psalm 148:12 Both young men, and maidens; old men, and children:

Proverbs 20:29 The glory of young men is their strength: and the beauty of old men is the grey head.

Joel 2:28 And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit on all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy...

Zechariah 9:17 For how great is his goodness, and how great is his beauty! corn shall make the young men cheerful, and new wine the maids.

Titus 2:6 Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded.

because.

1 John 4:4 You are of God, little children, and have overcome them: because greater is he that is in you, than he that is in the world.

1 John 5:4,5 For whatever is born of God overcomes the world: and this is the victory that overcomes the world, even our faith...

Ephesians 6:10-12 Finally, my brothers, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might...

1 Peter 5:8,9 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walks about, seeking whom he may devour...

the wicked.

1 John 3:12 Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And why slew he him? Because his own works were evil...

1 John 5:18 We know that whoever is born of God sins not; but he that is begotten of God keeps himself, and that wicked one touches him not.

Matthew 13:19,38 When any one hears the word of the kingdom, and understands it not, then comes the wicked one...

little. See on ver.

1 John 2:1,12 My little children, these things write I to you, that you sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father...

ye have known.

Matthew 11:27 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knows the Son, but the Father; neither knows any man the Father, save the Son...

Luke 10:22 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knows who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son...

John 8:54,55 Jesus answered, If I honor myself, my honor is nothing: it is my Father that honors me; of whom you say, that he is your God...

John 14:7,9 If you had known me, you should have known my Father also: and from now on you know him, and have seen him...

John 16:3 And these things will they do to you, because they have not known the Father, nor me.

John 17:21 That they all may be one; as you, Father, are in me, and I in you, that they also may be one in us...

2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, has shined in our hearts...

Cross References
Matthew 5:37
Let what you say be simply 'Yes' or 'No'; anything more than this comes from evil.

John 14:7
If you had known me, you would have known my Father also. From now on you do know him and have seen him."

John 16:33
I have said these things to you, that in me you may have peace. In the world you will have tribulation. But take heart; I have overcome the world."

1 John 1:1
That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we looked upon and have touched with our hands, concerning the word of life--

1 John 2:3
And by this we know that we have come to know him, if we keep his commandments.

1 John 2:14
I write to you, fathers, because you know him who is from the beginning. I write to you, young men, because you are strong, and the word of God abides in you, and you have overcome the evil one.

1 John 3:12
We should not be like Cain, who was of the evil one and murdered his brother. And why did he murder him? Because his own deeds were evil and his brother's righteous.

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