1 John 3:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
We should not be like Cain, who was of the evil one and murdered his brother. And why did he murder him? Because his own deeds were evil and his brother’s righteous.

King James Bible
Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous.

American Standard Version
not as Cain was of the evil one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his works were evil, and his brother's righteous.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Not as Cain, who was of the wicked one, and killed his brother. And wherefore did he kill him? Because his own works were wicked: and his brother's just.

English Revised Version
not as Cain was of the evil one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his works were evil, and his brother's righteous.

Webster's Bible Translation
Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And why did he slay him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous.

Weymouth New Testament
We are not to resemble Cain, who was a child of the Evil one and killed his own brother. And why did he kill him? Because his own actions were wicked and his brother's actions righteous.

1 John 3:12 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Cain who was (Κάΐ́ν ἧν)

Who is not in the Greek. The construction is irregular. Lit., as Rev., not as Cain was of the evil one.

Slew (ἔσφαξεν)

The verb occurs only in John, and only here outside of Revelation. Originally, to slay by cutting the throat; so in Homer, of cattle:

"the suitor train who slay (σφάζουσι)

His flocks and slow-paced beeves with crooked horns."

"Odyssey," i., 92.

To slaughter victims for sacrifice:

"Backward they turned the necks of the fat beeves,

And cut their throats (ἕσφαζαν), and flayed the carcasses."

"Iliad," i., 459.

Thence, generally, to slay or kill.

Wherefore (χάριν τίνος)

Lit., on account of what. Χάριν for the sake of, on account of, is elsewhere placed after the genitive. See Ephesians 3:1, Ephesians 3:14; 1 Timothy 5:14; Galatians 3:19.

1 John 3:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

as.

Genesis 4:4-15,25 And Abel, he also brought of the firstborn of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect to Abel and to his offering...

Hebrews 11:4 By faith Abel offered to God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous...

Jude 1:11 Woe to them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward...

of. See on ver.

1 John 3:8 He that commits sin is of the devil; for the devil sins from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested...

1 John 2:13,14 I write to you, fathers, because you have known him that is from the beginning. I write to you, young men...

Matthew 13:19,38 When any one hears the word of the kingdom, and understands it not, then comes the wicked one...

And.

1 Samuel 18:14,15 And David behaved himself wisely in all his ways; and the LORD was with him...

1 Samuel 19:4,5 And Jonathan spoke good of David to Saul his father, and said to him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David...

1 Samuel 22:14-16 Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who is so faithful among all your servants as David, which is the king's son in law...

Psalm 37:12 The wicked plots against the just, and gnashes on him with his teeth.

Proverbs 29:27 An unjust man is an abomination to the just: and he that is upright in the way is abomination to the wicked.

Matthew 27:23 And the governor said, Why, what evil has he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified.

John 10:32 Jesus answered them, Many good works have I showed you from my Father; for which of those works do you stone me?

John 15:19-25 If you were of the world, the world would love his own: but because you are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world...

John 18:38-40 Pilate said to him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again to the Jews, and said to them...

Acts 7:52 Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which showed before of the coming of the Just One...

1 Thessalonians 2:14 For you, brothers, became followers of the churches of God which in Judaea are in Christ Jesus...

1 Peter 4:4 Wherein they think it strange that you run not with them to the same excess of riot, speaking evil of you:

Revelation 17:6 And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus: and when I saw her...

and his.

Matthew 23:35 That on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth...

Luke 11:51 From the blood of Abel to the blood of Zacharias which perished between the altar and the temple: truly I say to you...

Hebrews 11:4 By faith Abel offered to God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous...

Hebrews 12:24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaks better things that that of Abel.

Cross References
Genesis 4:8
Cain spoke to Abel his brother. And when they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel and killed him.

2 Samuel 13:22
But Absalom spoke to Amnon neither good nor bad, for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had violated his sister Tamar.

Psalm 38:20
Those who render me evil for good accuse me because I follow after good.

Proverbs 27:4
Wrath is cruel, anger is overwhelming, but who can stand before jealousy?

Proverbs 29:10
Bloodthirsty men hate one who is blameless and seek the life of the upright.

Matthew 5:37
Let what you say be simply 'Yes' or 'No'; anything more than this comes from evil.

John 8:40
but now you seek to kill me, a man who has told you the truth that I heard from God. This is not what Abraham did.

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