1 Kings 1:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest. And they followed Adonijah and helped him.

King James Bible
And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the priest: and they following Adonijah helped him.

American Standard Version
And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the priest: and they following Adonijah helped him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he conferred with Joab the son of Sarvia, and with Abiathar the priest, who furthered Adonias's side.

English Revised Version
And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the priest: and they following Adonijah helped him.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the priest: and they following Adonijah, helped him.

1 Kings 1:7 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

When king David had become so old that they could no longer warm him by covering him with clothes, his servants advised him to increase his vitality by lying with a young and robust virgin, and selected the beautiful Abishag of Shunem to perform this service. This circumstance, which is a trivial one in itself, is only mentioned on account of what follows - first, because it shows that David had become too weak from age, and too destitute of energy, to be able to carry on the government any longer; and, secondly, because Adonijah the pretender afterwards forfeited his life through asking for Abishag in marriage. - The opening of our book, והמּלך (and the King), may be explained from the fact that the account which follows has been taken from a writing containing the earlier history of David, and that the author of these books retained the Vav cop. which he found there, for the purpose of showing at the outset that his work was a continuation of the books of Samuel. בּיּמים בּא זקן as in Joshua 13:1; Joshua 23:1; Genesis 24:1, etc. "They covered him with clothes, and he did not get warm." It follows from this that the king was bedridden, or at least that when lying down he could no longer be kept warm with bed-clothes. בּגדים does not mean clothes to wear here, but large cloths, which were used as bed-clothes, as in 1 Samuel 19:13 and Numbers 4:6. יחם is used impersonally, and derived from חמם, cf. Ewald, 193, b., and 138, b. As David was then in his seventieth year, this decrepitude was not the natural result of extreme old age, but the consequence of a sickly constitution, arising out of the hardships which he had endured in his agitated and restless life. The proposal of his servants, to restore the vital warmth which he had lost by bringing a virgin to lie with him, is recommended as an experiment by Galen (Method. medic. viii. 7). And it has been an acknowledged fact with physicians of all ages, that departing vitality may be preserved and strengthened by communicating the vital warmth of strong and youthful persons (compare Trusen, Sitten Gebruche u. Krankheiten der Hebrer, p. 257ff.). The singular suffix in לאדני is to be explained on the ground that one person spoke. בתוּלה נערה, a maid who is a virgin. לפני עמד, to stand before a person as servant equals to serve (cf. Deuteronomy 1:38 with Exodus 24:13). סכנת, an attendant or nurse, from סכן equals שׁכן, to live with a person, then to be helpful or useful to him. With the words "that she may lie in thy bosom," the passage passes, as is frequently the case, from the third person to a direct address.

1 Kings 1:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And he conferred [heb] his words were

2 Samuel 15:12 And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counselor, from his city, even from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices...

Psalm 2:2 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying,

Joab

1 Kings 2:28 Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though he turned not after Absalom...

2 Samuel 8:16 And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

2 Samuel 20:23 Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:

Abiathar

1 Samuel 22:20-23 And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David...

2 Samuel 15:24-29,35 And see Zadok also, and all the Levites were with him, bearing the ark of the covenant of God: and they set down the ark of God...

2 Samuel 20:25 And Sheva was scribe: and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests:

following Adonijah helped him [heb] helped after Adonijah

1 Kings 2:22,26-35 And king Solomon answered and said to his mother, And why do you ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? ask for him the kingdom also...

Cross References
1 Samuel 22:20
But one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled after David.

1 Samuel 22:23
Stay with me; do not be afraid, for he who seeks my life seeks your life. With me you shall be in safekeeping."

2 Samuel 20:25
and Sheva was secretary; and Zadok and Abiathar were priests;

1 Kings 2:22
King Solomon answered his mother, "And why do you ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? Ask for him the kingdom also, for he is my older brother, and on his side are Abiathar the priest and Joab the son of Zeruiah."

1 Kings 2:28
When the news came to Joab--for Joab had supported Adonijah although he had not supported Absalom--Joab fled to the tent of the LORD and caught hold of the horns of the altar.

1 Chronicles 11:6
David said, "Whoever strikes the Jebusites first shall be chief and commander." And Joab the son of Zeruiah went up first, so he became chief.

1 Chronicles 27:34
Ahithophel was succeeded by Jehoiada the son of Benaiah, and Abiathar. Joab was commander of the king's army.

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