1 Kings 10:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Thus King Solomon excelled all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom.

King James Bible
So king Solomon exceeded all the kings of the earth for riches and for wisdom.

American Standard Version
So king Solomon exceeded all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And king Solomon exceeded all the kings of the earth in riches, and wisdom.

English Revised Version
So king Solomon exceeded all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom.

Webster's Bible Translation
So king Solomon exceeded all the kings of the earth for riches and for wisdom.

1 Kings 10:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Solomon had 500 ornamental shields made, 200 larger ones (צנּים, scuta, targets), and 300 smaller (מגנּים, clypei). These shields, like all the shields of the ancients, were made of wood or basket-work, and covered with gold plate instead of leather (see my bibl. Archol. ii. pp. 296ff.). שׁחוּט זהב does not mean aurum jugulatum, i.e., gold mixed with metal of a different kind, but, as Kimchi has shown, aurum diductum, beaten gold, from שׁחט, to stretch; since Solomon would certainly use pure gold for these ornamental shields. "Six hundred shekels of gold he spread upon one target," that is to say, he used for gilding one target. Six hundred shekels would weigh about 17 1/2 lbs., so that the value of the gold upon a target would be more than 5000 thalers (750), supposing that the Mosaic shekel is meant. But this is rendered doubtful by the fact that the gold upon the small shields is estimated at three minae. If, for example, the three minae are equal to three hundred shekels, according to 2 Chronicles 9:16, as is generally assumed, a hundred shekels are reckoned as one mina; and as the mina only contained fifty Mosaic shekels, according to Ezekiel 45:12, the reference must be to shekels after the king's weight (2 Samuel 14:26), which were only half the sacred shekels (see my bibl. Archol. ii. p. 135). Consequently the gold plate upon one target was not quite 9 lbs., and that upon a shield not quite 4 1/2 lbs. These shields were intended for the body-guard to carry on state occasions (1 Kings 14:27-28; 2 Chronicles 12:10), and were kept in the house of the forest of Lebanon (1 Kings 7:2).

1 Kings 10:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

exceeded Mr. Reynolds, stating Solomon's income at about four times as much as his father left him, reckons that he had each year

142,242,034l

9s

7d, each week

2,735,423 l

14s

9d. and each day,

390,770l

16s

4d

1 Kings 3:12,13 Behold, I have done according to your words: see, I have given you a wise and an understanding heart...

1 Kings 4:29-34 And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea shore...

2 Chronicles 9:22,23 And king Solomon passed all the kings of the earth in riches and wisdom...

Psalm 89:27 Also I will make him my firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth.

Ephesians 3:8 To me, who am less than the least of all saints, is this grace given...

Colossians 1:18,19 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead...

Colossians 2:2,3 That their hearts might be comforted, being knit together in love, and to all riches of the full assurance of understanding...

Cross References
1 Kings 3:12
behold, I now do according to your word. Behold, I give you a wise and discerning mind, so that none like you has been before you and none like you shall arise after you.

1 Kings 3:13
I give you also what you have not asked, both riches and honor, so that no other king shall compare with you, all your days.

1 Kings 4:30
so that Solomon's wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all the people of the east and all the wisdom of Egypt.

Ecclesiastes 1:16
I said in my heart, "I have acquired great wisdom, surpassing all who were over Jerusalem before me, and my heart has had great experience of wisdom and knowledge."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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