1 Kings 10:25
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Every one of them brought his present, articles of silver and gold, garments, myrrh, spices, horses, and mules, so much year by year.

King James Bible
And they brought every man his present, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and garments, and armour, and spices, horses, and mules, a rate year by year.

American Standard Version
And they brought every man his tribute, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and raiment, and armor, and spices, horses, and mules, a rate year by year.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And every one brought him presents, vessels of silver and of gold, garments and armour, and spices, and horses and mules every year.

English Revised Version
And they brought every man his present, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and raiment, and armour, and spices, horses, and mules, a rate year by year.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they brought every man his present, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and garments, and armor, and spices, horses, and mules, a rate year by year.

1 Kings 10:25 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Solomon had a great throne of ivory made, and had it overlaid with fine gold. כּסּא־שׁן is not a throne made of ivory, but one merely ornamented with ivory; and we are to imagine the gilding as effected by laying the gold simply upon the wood, and inserting the ivory within the gold plate. מוּפז, a hophal participle of פּזז: aurum depuratum, hence equals טהור in 2 Chronicles 9:17. The throne had six steps, and a "rounded head on the hinder part thereof," i.e., a back which was arched above or rounded off,

(Note: Instead of מאחריו לכּסּה עגול וראשׁ we have in the Chronicles מאחזים לכּסּא בּזּהב וכבשׁ, "and a footstool in gold fastened to the throne" (the plural מאחזים refers to the footstool and the steps). Now, however easily מאחזים may have been written by mistake for מאחריו, זהב כבשׁ cannot have grown out of עגול ראשׁ by any such mistake. The quid-pro-quo of the lxx for עגול rof xxl ראשׁ, προτομαὶ μόσχων, in which עגול is certainly confounded with עגל, does not warrant the conjecture of Thenius, that the Chronicler found עגל in his original and substituted כּבשׂ (lamb), whereupon כּבשׂ (lamb) was changed by another hand into כּבשׁ footstep, and ראשׁ was dropped altogether.)

and ירת, arms, i.e., arms on both sides of the seat (השּׁבת מקום), and two lions standing by the side of the arms. Beside this there were twelve lions upon the six steps, namely two upon each step, one on this side and one on that. Instead of אריים (1 Kings 10:20) we find ארירת in 1 Kings 10:19, just as we do in both verses of the Chronicles, not because the reference is to artificial, inanimate figures and not to natural lions, as Thenius supposes, but because the plural ending ים- is an unusual one with this word; and even where natural lions are spoken of, we always find ארירת in other passages (cf. Judges 14:5; 2 Samuel 1:23; 2 Kings 17:25; Sol 4:8, etc.). The lions were symbols of the ruler's authority; and the twelve lions upon the steps may possibly have pointed to the rule over the twelve tribes of Israel, which was concentrated in the throne; not "watchers of the throne," as Thenius thinks. This throne was so splendid a work, that the historian observes that nothing of the kind had ever been made for any other kingdom. Upon the early Assyrian monuments we do indeed find high seats depicted, which are very artistically worked, and provided with backs and arms, and some with the arms supported by figures of animals (see Layard's Nineveh and its Remains, vol. ii. p. 301), but none resembling Solomon's throne. It is not till a later age that the more splendid thrones appear (vid., Rosenmller, A. u. N. Morgenland, iii. pp. 176ff.).

1 Kings 10:25 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

every man

1 Kings 10:10 And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices very great store, and precious stones...

Judges 3:15 But when the children of Israel cried to the LORD, the LORD raised them up a deliverer, Ehud the son of Gera, a Benjamite...

1 Samuel 10:27 But the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And they despised him, and brought no presents. But he held his peace.

2 Samuel 8:2,10 And he smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground; even with two lines measured he to put to death...

2 Chronicles 26:8 And the Ammonites gave gifts to Uzziah: and his name spread abroad even to the entering in of Egypt...

Job 42:11 Then came there to him all his brothers, and all his sisters, and all they that had been of his acquaintance before...

Psalm 72:10,15 The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents: the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts...

Isaiah 36:16 Listen not to Hezekiah: for thus said the king of Assyria, Make an agreement with me by a present, and come out to me...

Matthew 2:11 And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped him...

and mules

1 Kings 1:33 The king also said to them, Take with you the servants of your lord, and cause Solomon my son to ride on my own mule...

1 Kings 18:5 And Ahab said to Obadiah, Go into the land, to all fountains of water, and to all brooks...

Genesis 36:24 And these are the children of Zibeon; both Ajah, and Anah: this was that Anah that found the mules in the wilderness...

Ezra 2:66 Their horses were seven hundred thirty and six; their mules, two hundred forty and five;

Esther 8:10,14 And he wrote in the king Ahasuerus' name, and sealed it with the king's ring, and sent letters by posts on horseback...

Isaiah 66:20 And they shall bring all your brothers for an offering to the LORD out of all nations on horses, and in chariots, and in litters...

Ezekiel 27:14 They of the house of Togarmah traded in your fairs with horses and horsemen and mules.

a rate

2 Kings 17:4 And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt...

2 Chronicles 9:24 And they brought every man his present, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and raiment, harness, and spices, horses...

Cross References
1 Samuel 10:27
But some worthless fellows said, "How can this man save us?" And they despised him and brought him no present. But he held his peace.

Psalm 68:29
Because of your temple at Jerusalem kings shall bear gifts to you.

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