1 Kings 4:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
These were their names: Ben-hur, in the hill country of Ephraim;

King James Bible
And these are their names: The son of Hur, in mount Ephraim:

American Standard Version
And these are their names: Ben-hur, in the hill-country of Ephraim;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And these are their names: Benhur, in mount Ephraim,

English Revised Version
And these are their names: Ben-hur, in the hill country of Ephraim:

Webster's Bible Translation
And these are their names: The son of Hur, in mount Ephraim:

1 Kings 4:8 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The first of the שׂרים, princes, i.e., chief ministers of state or dignitaries, mentioned here is not the commander-in-chief, as under the warlike reign of David (2 Samuel 8:16; 2 Samuel 20:23), but, in accordance with the peaceful rule of Solomon, the administrator of the kingdom (or prime minister): "Azariah the son of Zadok was הכּהן," i.e., not the priest, but the administrator of the kingdom, the representative of the king before the people; like כּהן in v. 5, where this word is interpreted by המּלך רעה, with this difference, however, arising from the article before כּהן, that Azariah was the Kohen par excellence, that is to say, held the first place among the confidential counsellors of the king, so that his dignity was such as befitted the office of an administrator of the kingdom. Compare the explanation of כּהן at 2 Samuel 8:18. The view of the Vulgate, Luther, and others, which has been revived by Thenius, namely, that כּהן is to be connected as a genitive with בּן־צדוק in opposition to the accents, "Azariah the son of Zadok the priest," is incorrect, and does not even yield any sense, since the connection of these words with the following Elichoreph, etc., is precluded by the absence of the copula Vav, which would be indispensable if Azariah had held the same office as the two brothers Elichoreph and Achijah.

(Note: The objection by which Thenius tries to set aside this argument, which has been already advanced by Houbigant, viz., that "if the first (Azariah) was not also a state scribe, the copula would be inserted, as it is everywhere else from v. 4 onwards when a new office is mentioned," proves nothing at all, because the copula is also omitted in v. 3, where the new office of מזכּיר is introduced.)

Moreover, Azariah the son of Zadok cannot be a grandson of Zadok the high priest, i.e., a son of Ahimaaz the son of Zadok, as many infer from 1 Chronicles 5:34-35 (1 Chronicles 6:8-9); for, apart from the fact that Zadok's grandson can hardly have been old enough at the time for Solomon to invest him with the chief dignity in the kingdom, which would surely be conferred upon none but men of mature years, we can see no reason why the Azariah mentioned here should not be called the son of Ahimaaz. If the Zadok referred to here was the high priest of that name, Azariah can only have been a brother of Ahimaaz. And there is no real difficulty in the way, since the name Azariah occurs three times in the line of high priests (1 Chronicles 5:36, 39), and therefore was by no means rare.

1 Kings 4:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The son of Hur. or, Ben-hur

Judges 17:1 And there was a man of mount Ephraim, whose name was Micah.

Judges 19:1 And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel...

Cross References
Joshua 24:33
And Eleazar the son of Aaron died, and they buried him at Gibeah, the town of Phinehas his son, which had been given him in the hill country of Ephraim.

1 Kings 4:7
Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, who provided food for the king and his household. Each man had to make provision for one month in the year.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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