1 Peter 1:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in the sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ and for sprinkling with his blood: May grace and peace be multiplied to you.

King James Bible
Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.

American Standard Version
according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace be multiplied.

Douay-Rheims Bible
According to the foreknowledge of God the Father, unto the sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you and peace be multiplied.

English Revised Version
according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace be multiplied.

Webster's Bible Translation
Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, to obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace to you, and peace, be multiplied.

Weymouth New Testament
chosen in accordance with the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the sanctifying work of the Spirit, with a view to their obedience and to their being sprinkled with the blood of Jesus Christ. May more and more grace and peace be granted to you.

1 Peter 1:2 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

According to (κατὰ)

In virtue of; in accordance with.

Foreknowledge (πρόγνωσιν)

Only here and Acts 2:23, in Peter's sermon at Pentecost. He is distinguishing there between foreknowledge and determinate counsel.

The Father

Implying that the relation contemplated by the divine foreknowledge is a new relation of sonship.

In sanctification (ἐν ἁγιασμῷ)

Compare 2 Thessalonians 2:13. The spiritual state in which the being elected to salvation is realized. The word is peculiarly Pauline, occurring eight times in Paul's epistles, and besides only here and Hebrews 12:14.

Unto obedience (εἰς)

Note the three prepositions: according to (κατά) the foreknowledge; in (ἐν) sanctification; unto (εἰς) obedience. The ground, sphere, and end of spiritual sanctification.

Sprinkling (ῥαντισμὸν)

Here in a passive sense - the being sprinkled. Properly, the ritualistic act of sprinkling blood or water. See Numbers 19:19, Numbers 19:21. Compare Hebrews 9:13; Hebrews 12:24 :; Numbers 19:9, Numbers 19:13, where the water in which were the ashes of the red heifer is called ὕδωρ ῥαντισμοῦ, water of sprinkling (Septuagint), which the A. V. and Rev. Old Testament render water of separation. The word and its kindred verb occur only in Hebrews and Peter.

Jesus Christ

The foreknowledge of the Father, the sanctification of the Spirit, the obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ the Son. The Father foreknowing, the Son atoning, the Spirit applying the Son's work in sanctifying. "The mystery of the Trinity and the economy of our salvation are intimated in this verse" (Bengel).

continued...

1 Peter 1:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Elect.

1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people...

Deuteronomy 7:6 For you are an holy people to the LORD your God: the LORD your God has chosen you to be a special people to himself...

Isaiah 65:9,22 And I will bring forth a seed out of Jacob, and out of Judah an inheritor of my mountains: and my elect shall inherit it...

Matthew 24:22,24,31 And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect's sake those days shall be shortened...

Mark 13:20,22,27 And except that the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh should be saved: but for the elect's sake, whom he has chosen...

Luke 18:7 And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day and night to him, though he bear long with them?

John 15:16-19 You have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, that you should go and bring forth fruit...

Romans 8:29,33 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son...

Romans 11:2,5-7,28 God has not cast away his people which he foreknew. Know you not what the scripture said of Elias...

Ephesians 1:4,5 According as he has chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love...

Colossians 3:12 Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, long-suffering;

2 Timothy 2:10 Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory...

Titus 1:1 Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God's elect...

2 John 1:1,13 The elder to the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth; and not I only, but also all they that have known the truth...

the foreknowledge.

Acts 2:23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, you have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:

Acts 15:18 Known to God are all his works from the beginning of the world.

Romans 8:29,30 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son...

Romans 9:23,24 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had before prepared to glory...

Romans 11:2 God has not cast away his people which he foreknew. Know you not what the scripture said of Elias?...

sanctification.

Acts 20:32 And now, brothers, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up...

Romans 15:16 That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God...

1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made to us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:

1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you: but you are washed, but you are sanctified, but you are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus...

2 Thessalonians 2:13 But we are bound to give thanks always to God for you, brothers beloved of the Lord...

unto.

1 Peter 1:22 Seeing you have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit to unfeigned love of the brothers...

Romans 1:5 By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name:

Romans 8:13 For if you live after the flesh, you shall die: but if you through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, you shall live.

Romans 16:19,26 For your obedience is come abroad to all men. I am glad therefore on your behalf: but yet I would have you wise to that which is good...

2 Corinthians 10:5 Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalts itself against the knowledge of God...

Hebrews 5:9 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation to all them that obey him;

sprinkling. See on

Hebrews 9:19-22 For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water...

Hebrews 11:28 Through faith he kept the passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the firstborn should touch them.

Hebrews 12:24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaks better things that that of Abel.

Grace. See on

Romans 1:7 To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.

2 Corinthians 13:14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen.

be.

Isaiah 55:7 Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return to the LORD, and he will have mercy on him...

*marg:

Daniel 4:1 Nebuchadnezzar the king, to all people, nations, and languages, that dwell in all the earth; Peace be multiplied to you.

Daniel 6:25 Then king Darius wrote to all people, nations, and languages, that dwell in all the earth; Peace be multiplied to you.

2 Peter 1:2 Grace and peace be multiplied to you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord,

Jude 1:2 Mercy to you, and peace, and love, be multiplied.

Cross References
Leviticus 1:5
Then he shall kill the bull before the LORD, and Aaron's sons the priests shall bring the blood and throw the blood against the sides of the altar that is at the entrance of the tent of meeting.

Daniel 6:25
Then King Darius wrote to all the peoples, nations, and languages that dwell in all the earth: "Peace be multiplied to you.

Romans 8:29
For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the firstborn among many brothers.

2 Thessalonians 2:13
But we ought always to give thanks to God for you, brothers beloved by the Lord, because God chose you as the firstfruits to be saved, through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth.

Hebrews 10:22
let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, with our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.

Hebrews 12:24
and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel.

1 Peter 1:14
As obedient children, do not be conformed to the passions of your former ignorance,

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